About: Core Industries, Index of Industrial Production (IIP), Core sectors and their weights in their 40.27% contribution to the calculation of IIP

Headline : Core sector output falls 1st time in 4 yrs Details : The News: The eight core sectors reported their worst decline in at least eight years, shrinking 5.8% in October. The fall is the sharpest since the start of the new data series using 2011-12 as the base year. About: Index of Industrial ProductionContinue reading “About: Core Industries, Index of Industrial Production (IIP), Core sectors and their weights in their 40.27% contribution to the calculation of IIP”

National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes

National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes National Commission for Backward Classes was established in 1993 by an act of Parliament. In August 2018, NCBC was granted the constitutional status under 102nd Constitutional Amendment Act. (123 Amendment Bill) The 102 Constitutional Amendment Act inserted Article 338B in the Constitution to set up National forContinue reading “National Commission for Socially and Educationally Backward Classes”

FASTags explained: What, why, how

Headline : FASTags explained: What, why, how Details : In News From December 1, lanes on national highway toll plazas across India will accept toll only through FASTag without human intervention. All new vehicles bought over the last few years, in fact, already come with FASTag pre-installed. However, one hybrid lane will continue to accept cash in addition to being tag-enabled. VehiclesContinue reading “FASTags explained: What, why, how”

FASTags explained: What, why, how

Headline : FASTags explained: What, why, how Details : In News From December 1, lanes on national highway toll plazas across India will accept toll only through FASTag without human intervention. All new vehicles bought over the last few years, in fact, already come with FASTag pre-installed. However, one hybrid lane will continue to accept cash in addition to being tag-enabled. VehiclesContinue reading “FASTags explained: What, why, how”

Punjab groundwater crisis: what it will take to move from paddy to maize

Headline : Punjab groundwater crisis: what it will take to move from paddy to maize Details : In News With the massive groundwater crisis in Punjab, there is a huge stress on diversification of crops, and a move away from water-guzzling paddy. In a recent meeting in Punjab Agricultural University (PAU), Ludhiana, it was decided to strengthen maize — theContinue reading “Punjab groundwater crisis: what it will take to move from paddy to maize”

El Niño

El Niño El Niño is a massive reorganization of atmospheric convection associated with severely disrupted global weather patterns, affecting ecosystems, agriculture, tropical cyclones, drought, bushfires, floods and other extreme weather events worldwide. El Nino is defined as an interaction between the ocean and the atmosphere which happens in the tropical Pacific ocean at the equator.Continue reading “El Niño”

BharatNet

BharatNet BharatNet is an ambitious initiative to trigger a broadband revolution in rural areas. It was envisaged as an information super-highway through the creation of a robust middle-mile infrastructure for reaching broadband connectivity to Gram Panchayats. In the first phase of the project, 1,00,000 gram panchayats were connected by March 2017. In the first phase,Continue reading “BharatNet”

Blackbuck

Blackbuck conservation reserves in India: There are a few national parks and sanctuaries inhabited by blackbucks in the country, like the Velavadar Wildlife Sanctuary (in Gujarat) and the Ranibennur Blackbuck Sanctuary (in Karnataka). However, there are not many conservation reserves exclusively dedicated to the antelope. Benefits of the conservation reserve: It will help in conservingContinue reading “Blackbuck”

Headline : About Tham Luang Nang Non cave

Headline : About Tham Luang Nang Non cave Details : Why in News? A group of twelve boys together with their soccer coach entered the Great Cave of the Sleeping Lady(Tham Luang Nang Non), located in the Chiang Rai province in northern Thailand and have been trapped there since then. About the incident After recent rainfalls, partsContinue reading “Headline : About Tham Luang Nang Non cave”

Mother tongue must be the medium of instruction Editorial 25th Nov’19 IndianExpress

Significance of language: Language is a tool for intellectual and emotional expression. It is a vehicle of inter-generational transmission of culture, scientific knowledge and a worldview. It is the vital, unseen thread that links the past with the present. It evolves with human evolution and is nourished by constant use. In short, our languages permeateContinue reading “Mother tongue must be the medium of instruction Editorial 25th Nov’19 IndianExpress”

Headline : What is the push behind the strategic disinvestment move?

Headline : What is the push behind the strategic disinvestment move? Details : In News: In November 2019, the Cabinet Committee of Economic Affairs approved strategic stake sale in five public sector undertakings (PSUs), even giving up management control. It also gave an in-principle approval for the government to reduce stake in certain state-owned companies to belowContinue reading “Headline : What is the push behind the strategic disinvestment move?”

About Central Information Commission (CIC)

About Central Information Commission (CIC) The CIC has been constituted in 2005 under the Right to Information Act, 2005. The jurisdiction of the Commission extends over all Central Public Authorities. The Commission has certain powers and functions that broadly relate to adjudication in second appeal for giving information; direction for record keeping and suomotu disclosures; receiving and enquiringContinue reading “About Central Information Commission (CIC)”

Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Coliform

Biochemical Oxygen Demand: It is the amount of dissolved oxygen needed by aerobic biological organisms in a water body to break down organic material present in a given water sample (at certain temperature in a specific time period). It is not a precise quantitative test, although it is widely used as an indication of theContinue reading “Biochemical Oxygen Demand and Coliform”

Headline : 10% quota a step towards casteless society Relevant Articles in the Constitution Art 15 (1): Prohibits the State from discrimination against any citizen on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex, place of birth or any of them. Art 16 (1): It guarantees equality of opportunity for all citizens in matters relating to employment or appointmentContinue reading

National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG):

National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG): It was established in 2014. It is being supported by State level Programme Management Groups (SPMGs) of Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal. Aim: It will accomplish the mandate of National Ganga River Basin Authority (NGRBA). It will help in: Rejuvenation of the River Ganga Maintaining minimum ecologicalContinue reading “National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG):”

About: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

About: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY) PMMVY is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above. It is to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices. The cashContinue reading “About: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)”

Project SECURE Himalayas

Project SECURE Himalayas SECURE stands for- Securing Livelihoods, Conservation, Sustainable use and Restoration of High Range Himalayan ecosystems. Financed by the Global Environment Facility, this project works together with the Indian Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change to reduce dependence on the delicately-balanced ecosystems and reduce human-wildlife conflicts. To achieve this, the project isContinue reading “Project SECURE Himalayas”

Low percentage of women in Indian Parliament

Details : Low percentage of women in Indian Parliament: India had only 65 women out of 545 members of Parliament (MPs) elected to the 16th Lok Sabha, for a 12% representation. Despite being low, the 15th and 16th Lok Sabha still represent an improvement to earlier share of women MPs of less than 9% sinceContinue reading “Low percentage of women in Indian Parliament”

River Interlinking Project

The Plan The mammoth plan entails linking nearly 60 rivers, including the mighty Ganges, which the govt hopes will cut farmers dependence on fickle monsoon rains by bringing millions of hectares of cultivable land under irrigation.   1. Ken-Betwa river interlinking project This project will involve construction of a dam on the Ken river, alsoContinue reading “River Interlinking Project”

Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage

Conference on Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage (CCUS): The CCUS Conference brings together carbon capture and GHG reduction technology decision-makers, scientists and government officials. It involves high-level strategic updates, case studies on emerging technologies, and connect on research in the industry to advance this important technology. The goal of the program is: To raise awarenessContinue reading “Carbon Capture Utilisation and Storage”

ABOUT HURRICANES

ABOUT HURRICANES What is a hurricane? Hurricane is the most devastating and violent type of tropical cyclone. Tropical cyclones are circular storm that originate over warm tropical oceans and is characterized by low atmospheric pressure, high winds and heavy rain. There is no frontal formation. (A front is a boundary separating two air masses ofContinue reading “ABOUT HURRICANES”

Explained — This Word Means: Overseas Citizen of India

Headline : Explained — This Word Means: Overseas Citizen of India Details : In News The Indian government has revoked author AatishTaseer’s Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) card. The ground cited by the government in revoking the OCI card was that Taseer’s father was a Pakistani national.   About: Overseas Citizen of India An Overseas Citizen ofContinue reading “Explained — This Word Means: Overseas Citizen of India”

Future of tourism Editorial 11th Nov’19 FinancialExpress

Headline : Future of tourism Editorial 11th Nov’19 FinancialExpress Details : World Tourism Day: For the first time, India was the host country for the official celebration of the World Tourism Day on September 27. It was themed ‘Tourism and Jobs: A Better Future for All’, highlights the sector’s contribution in employment generation. Importance of tourismContinue reading “Future of tourism Editorial 11th Nov’19 FinancialExpress”

Irrawaddy Dolphins in Chilika lake

Chilika lake It is Asia’s largest brackish water lagoon. It lies in Odisha state on the eastern coast of India, at the mouth of the Daya River flowing into the Bay of Bengal. Because of its rich bio-diversity and socio-economic importance, Chilika was designated as a Ramsar site in 1981 to afford better protection. ItContinue reading “Irrawaddy Dolphins in Chilika lake”

About Lokpal Act, 2013 and Lokpal

About Lokpal Act, 2013 and Lokpal The Lokpal and Lokayukta Act, 2013 provides for creation of anti-graft ombudsman to investigate corruption charges against public functionaries including Prime Minister, Ministers and Member of Parliament. The bill was passed in the parliament in December 2013 and received assent from President on in January 2014. Composition of LokpalContinue reading “About Lokpal Act, 2013 and Lokpal”

In focus: SMART Police stations

In focus: SMART Police stations Introduction In the 2014 DG/IG Annual Conference, the Prime Minister had introduced the concept of SMART policing. SMART Police expands for Sensitive but Strict Modern with mobility Alert and Accountable Reliable and Responsive Trained and Techno-savvy SMART Police Stations In the making of SMART Police, the Ministry of Home AffairsContinue reading “In focus: SMART Police stations”

BASICS: About Smog

Headline : BASICS: About Smog Details : SMOG The word “smog” is an amalgam of the words “smoke” and “fog.” Smog is produced by a set of complex photochemical reactions involving volatile organic compounds (VOCs), nitrogen oxides and sunlight. Ground-level ozone is the main constituent of smog. Ozone can be beneficial or harmful, depending on itsContinue reading “BASICS: About Smog”

International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean)

International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean) ITCOocean is being set up by ESSO-INCOIS in Hyderabad, India. ESSO-INCOIS or the Indian National Center for Ocean Information Service (INCOIS), under Earth System Science Organization (ESSO) is a dedicated institution for operational oceanography.  The Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission will support ESSO-INCOIS for capacity building activities in the fieldContinue reading “International Training Centre for Operational Oceanography (ITCOocean)”

About the Ayushman Bharat Scheme

About the Ayushman Bharat Scheme In March 2018, the Union Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has approved the launch of a new Centrally Sponsored Ayushman Bharat -National Health Protection Mission (AB-NHPM) having central sector component under Ayushman Bharat Mission anchored in the MoHFW. It is a scheme designed to provide health insurance cover ofContinue reading “About the Ayushman Bharat Scheme”

Health Advisory on current air pollution in Delhi From @VajiramIAS

Health Advisory on current air pollution in Delhi Dear students, A public health emergency has been declared in Delhi because of the poor air quality index which has resulted in many people developing health complications. The pollutants in the air are much above normal levels, which are hazardous to health. Here are the few stepsContinue reading “Health Advisory on current air pollution in Delhi From @VajiramIAS”

The Nice Agreement

About the agreements The Nice Agreement It establishes an international classification of goods and services for the purposes of registration of trademarks and service marks (known as the Nice Classification). The classification system is specified by the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). It was concluded at Nice in 1957 (later revised and amended a few times). The Nice Classification is updated every fiveContinue reading “The Nice Agreement”

ASEAN key to Act East plan, says Modi

Headline : ASEAN key to Act East plan, says Modi Details : In News: Prime Minister Narendra Modi is in Bangkok to co-chair the 16th ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations)-India Summit. He is also scheduled to attend the 14th East Asia Summit. He will also participate in the third Summit meeting of nations negotiating theContinue reading “ASEAN key to Act East plan, says Modi”

What is Black Carbon?

What is Black Carbon? It is the strongest, light-absorbing component of particulate matter (PM), formed by the incomplete combustion of fossil fuels, biofuels, and biomass. It is emitted directly into the atmosphere in the form of fine particles (PM2.5). It can absorb a million times more energy than carbon dioxide (CO2).   Effects of BCContinue reading “What is Black Carbon?”

What is the project to redevelop Lutyens’ Delhi all about?

Headline : What is the project to redevelop Lutyens’ Delhi all about? Details : In News The Central government has started its plan of redeveloping the three-km-long Central Vista and Parliament. The plan also includes constructing a common Central secretariat for all ministries that are currently spread over many buildings across Delhi. This follows calls from Members of Parliament toContinue reading “What is the project to redevelop Lutyens’ Delhi all about?”

India can learn agri-policy lessons from China Editorial 25th Oct’19 FinancialExpress

Headline : India can learn agri-policy lessons from China Editorial 25th Oct’19 FinancialExpress Details : India and China have similar challenges in agriculture: India and China are the most populous countries in the world, having a population size of 1.35 billion and 1.39 billion, respectively, in 2018. With limited arable land [about 120 million hectare (m ha)Continue reading “India can learn agri-policy lessons from China Editorial 25th Oct’19 FinancialExpress”

Lokpal, powers and duties

Headline : In detail: Lokpal, powers and duties Composition of Lokpal The institution of Lokpal is a statutory body without any constitutional backing. Lokpal is a multimember body consisting of a Chairperson and a maximum of eight Members, of which fifty percent shall be Judicial Members. Fifty per cent of members of Lokpal shall be fromContinue reading “Lokpal, powers and duties”

Is seawater the ultimate answer?

Headline : Is seawater the ultimate answer? Details : Context of the topic: As per National Health Profile (NHP), India’s public health spend as a percentage of GDP has increased by 0.16 percentage points from 1.12% to 1.28% of GDP, between 2009-10 and 2018-19. India’s target is 5% GDP on health spend. The NHP is anContinue reading “Is seawater the ultimate answer?”

Explained: Jammu and Kashmir state to two UTs — today, later

Headline : Explained: Jammu and Kashmir state to two UTs — today, later Details : In News The state of Jammu and Kashmir will be officially bifurcated into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh on October 31. The day will mark the beginning of the functioning of the two UTs at a bureaucratic level. This marks anContinue reading “Explained: Jammu and Kashmir state to two UTs — today, later”