About 5G Technology

About 5G Technology

Current status and problems in mobile telephony in India

  • Network congestion
    • Over the last 18-24 months, 4G has increased the amount of data consumption.
    • 82% of the growth in mobile traffic in India in 2017 came from 4G.
    • The traffic grew 135% year over year, driven by video, which contributed 65-75% of total mobile data traffic.
    • This shows that the rapid growth of 4G in India has strained networks.
  • Low connectivity/poor speed
    • A report ranks India’s 4G Internet connectivity abysmally low at 109th position in a list of 124 countries, even lower than Pakistan, Myanmar and Sri Lanka.
  • Demand of 5G ecosystem in India
    • Fifth-generation wireless (5G) is the latest iteration of cellular technology, engineered to greatly increase the speed and responsiveness of wireless networks.
    • The 5G ecosystem in India is gaining momentum.
    • The latest-generation network equipment is largely 5G-ready.
    • However, In India the technologies that will increase users to demand higher speeds and more bandwidth are still not ready. For ex. IoT, etc.



Arguments in favour of 5G network in India

  • High speed: On a 5G network, wireless data can travel more than 10 times faster than most 4G networks and will compete with fibre-to-the-home wireline broadband.
  • Congestion relief: Network operators can use 5G to decrease the mobile and video congestion.
  • For industries
    • Once IoT gains momentum, the largest opportunity by 5G network will be in manufacturing, energy and utilities, followed by public safety and health sectors.
    • With this, their revenue is expected to grow up to $63 billion by 2026, according to report.

Arguments Against 5G network in India

  • No immediate business: A recent survey by executives of the 19 largest mobile network operators (MNOs) worldwide reveals that there is long term potential of 5G but there is no compelling, near-term business for 5G.
  • Investment: Implementing 5G will require huge capital investments.


Way ahead

  • If we use existing infrastructure, as 5G-capable devices can seamlessly connect to the existing 4G cells, it can prevent huge capital expenditure.
  • Operators can make full use of existing assets and can develop multi-year roll-out plans according to the demand and development of 5G technology.
  • This can be done with lesser capital investments.
  • This will enable the operators to create a virtuous cycle of 5G reinvestment-
    • Gradually building or upgrading to an all-digital 5G network.
    • Using the cash flow generated by these efficiencies to invest in high efficient/revenue cases.
Section : Science & Tech