JACKFRUIT

JACKFRUIT

  • The botanical name of the fruit- Artocarpus, is derived from the Greek words artos (bread) and carpos (fruit).
  • The name jackfruit is derived from the Portuguese jaca, first mentioned by the physician and naturalist Garcia De Orta in his 1563 book Coloquios Dos Simple E Drogas da India.
  • It is the world’s largest fruit and is called by a variety of names — chakka, kathal, panasa, phanas, jaca, nangka, kanoon, mit, etc.
  • Largely due to the odor of the ripe fruit and traditional preference for tapioca, jackfruit never gained popularity in the country unlike in the Far Eastern nations.
  • It’s only recently that the agro-scientists have woken up to the potential of jackfruit.
  • In 2012, the department of biotechnology, government of India, initiated a five-year long study with University of Agriculture Sciences, Bengaluru, which has led to the identifying of 105 genotypes of jackfruit nationwide.

 

Origin and Habitat

  • Its origin identified with the evergreen rainforests of Western Ghats, the fruit also grows in Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Odisha, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh and the northeastern states.

 

Potential of jackfruit

  • Grown in homesteads mostly without any management practices, jackfruit can be identified as one of the promising fruits grown organically by default.
  • Researchers believe that jackfruit could be a replacement for wheat, corn and other staple crops under threat from climate change.
  • Jackfruit is easy to grow, survives pests and diseases and is drought and high temperature-resistant.
  • It achieves what farmers need in food production when facing a lot of challenges due to climate change.
Section : Environment & Ecology

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