A public health emergency has been declared in Delhi because of the poor air quality index which has resulted in many people developing health complications. The pollutants in the air are much above normal levels, which are hazardous to health. Here are the few steps that we all should take to avoid any major ill effects on health:
- Use masks- specifically N95 and N99. If these are unavailable in the market then go for double surgical masks or cloth mask at least.
- Stay indoors as much as possible. Avoid going out for unnecessary work.
- Stay hydrated- Plain water, coconut water, electrolytes, lime water etc.
- Diet- Take lots of citrus fruits like amla, guava, lemon, mausambi, oranges; Foods like dark green leafy vegetables, orange and yellow coloured vegetables and fruits are rich in Beta Carotene. Omega 3 fatty acid-rich foods including fatty fish (salmon and mackerel) cod liver oil, flaxseeds, chia seeds, walnuts, etc are also recommended.
- If you cannot take fresh fruits for any reason then take some multivitamin, once a day for at least coming two weeks.
- The food that can cure cough and are natural bronchodilators and can be taken safely like green tea, herbal tea, turmeric milk, honey ginger.
- Natural anti-allergics are better than medications and includes fatty fish, pineapple, kiwi, onion, peppers, etc.
- Avoid workout, both indoors and outdoors. This is because the workout increases breathing and you are likely to inhale the particulate matter, which is known to cause some serious side effects.
- Avoid using air fresheners and aroma candles as they contain lot of particulate matter.
- Keep the fan on in the room that you are using.
- Keep some plants indoors as source of fresh air.