About: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)

About: Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY)
  • PMMVY is a conditional cash transfer scheme for pregnant and lactating women of 19 years of age or above.
  • It is to meet enhanced nutritional needs and partially compensate for wage loss during childbirth and childcare and to provide conditions for safe delivery and good nutrition and feeding practices.
  • The cash incentive is expected to improved health seeking behaviour amongst the Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW& LM).
  • It is under the Ministry of women and child development.
  • The scheme is being implemented on a 60:40 cost-sharing basis with the State governments.
  • PMMVY was previously known as Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog Yojana (IGMSY) which was launched in 2010. IGMSY was being run on a pilot basis in limited number of districts.
  • In 2017, the Prime Minister announced the Pan-India implementation of this scheme under the name Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana (PMMVY).
  • Beneficiaries:
    • All eligible Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) who have their pregnancy on or after 01.01.2017 for first child in family.
    • It excludes those who are in regular employment with the Central Government or the State Governments or PSUs or those who are in receipt of similar benefits under any law for the time being in force.
  • Benefits:
  • Under PMMVY, a cash incentive of Rs. 5000/- is provided in three instalments directly to the Bank / Post Office Account of Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers (PW&LM) for first living child of the family, subject to certain conditions.
    •  The conditions include early registration of pregnancy, ante-natal check-up and registration of the birth of the child and completion of first cycle of vaccination for the first living child of the family.
  • The eligible beneficiaries also receive cash incentive under Janani Suraksha Yojana (JSY). Thus, on an average, a woman gets Rs. 6,000.
Need for the scheme:
  • Undernutrition continues to adversely affect many women in India.
  • An undernourished mother almost inevitably gives birth to a low birth weight baby.
  • When poor nutrition starts in-utero, it extends throughout the life cycle since the changes are largely irreversible.
  • Owing to economic and social distress, many women continue to work to earn a living for their family right up to the last days of their pregnancy.
  • Furthermore, they resume working soon after childbirth, even though their bodies might not permit it, thus preventing their bodies from fully recovering on one hand, and also impeding their ability to exclusively breastfeed their young infant in the first six months.
  • Thus, the scheme is aimed at reducing the above said problems.
Government data:
  • As per the government information, PMMVY has crossed one crore beneficiaries by September, 2019, and the total amount disbursed to the beneficiaries under the scheme crossed Rs. 4,000 crores.
Shortcomings:
  • Several factors impeded proper implementation of the programme, including:
    • A large cumbersome application form
    • Need for many documents such as mother-child protection card, Aadhaar card, husband’s Aadhaar card and bank passbook
    • Lack of linkages of some bank accounts with Aadhaar
    • The requirement to produce the husband’s Aadhaar card
Section : Social Issues