- Cabinet committees are extra-constitutional bodies set up by the Prime Minister of India as per the requirement.
Cabinet committee on Security (CCS):
- It is one of the most high profile committees of the Parliament.
- It takes all the major decisions on matters of national security and India’s defense expenditure.
- It presently consists of the following members:
- Prime Minister
- Minister of Home Affairs
- Minister of External Affairs
- Minister of Finance
- Minister of Defence
- Recently, CCS approved the 1st phase of Army reforms based on recommendations of Lt. Gen Shekatkar Committee. The purpose of the reforms is to enhance combat capability and optimize defense expenditure of the Indian Army.
Cabinet Committees on Economic Affairs (CCEA):
- It reviews all the problems, prospects and economic trends on a continuous basis to evolve a sound economic policy framework for the country.
- All the policies and activities in the economic sphere are coordinated by CCEA, including:
- Fixing of prices of agricultural products
- Control the prices of industrial raw materials
- Matters of disinvestment and foreign investment.
- It is chaired by the Prime Minister and consists of ministers of some of the important ministries – External Affairs, Transport, Shipping, Commerce & Industry, Chemicals & Fertilizers, Parliamentary Affairs, Law & Justice, Railways, Defence, etc.
Cabinet Committees on Political Affairs (CCPA):
- It is referred to as ‘Super Cabinet’ as it is the most important of all the cabinet committees.
- Its mandate is to deal with all policy matters pertaining to domestic and foreign affairs (only matters not dealt with by the CCS).
- It deals with problems relating to Centre-State relations in the context of the Federal structure of the country and Constitutional provisions.
- It is chaired by the Prime Minister and consists of ministers of some of the important ministries – External Affairs, Transport, Shipping, Chemicals & Fertilizers, Parliamentary Affairs, Law & Justice, Railways, Defence, etc.