Headline : Tamil Nadu tops good governance index
- The Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions has recently launched the Good Governance Index (GGI).
- The index has been scientifically designed to reflect various parameters of governance.
- At present, there is no uniform index to objectively assess the state of good governance in the states.
- GGI is a uniform tool that will help in assessing the status of governance and the impact of interventions undertaken by governments across all states and UTs.
About: Good Governance Index
- According to a GGI report, Good governance is as an effective and efficient process of decision making and the process by which decisions are implemented (or not implemented) keeping the improvement of citizens as the topmost priority.
- Resource allocation, creation of formal establishments, setting up rules and regulations etc., are part of achieving this goal.
Objectives of GGI:
- To provide quantifiable data to compare the state of governance in all states and UTs.
- Enable states and UTs to formulate and implement suitable strategies for improving governance and
- Shift to result oriented approaches and administration.
- The states and UTs have been grouped into three categories: big states, Northeast and hill categories, and UTs.
- The index will consider 10 sectors agriculture and allied sectors, commerce and industries, human resource development, public health, public infrastructure and utilities, economic governance, social welfare and development, judicial & public security, environment, and citizen-centric governance.
- These sectors will be assessed on the basis of over 50 indicators, which have been assigned different weights. Scores will be summed up to reach composite scores.
Findings of the Good Governance Index:
- On the index, Tamil Nadu has got the highest score (5.62), followed by Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Chhattisgarh (5.4, 5.1, and 5.05) respectively.
- Jharkhand and Uttar Pradesh are among the big states that have fared poorly in the rankings.
- Among the Northeastern and hill states, Himachal Pradesh is at the top with a score of 5.22, followed by Uttarakhand, Tripura, and Mizoram at 4.87, 4.5, and 4.41 respectively. Arunachal Pradesh and Nagaland are the least performing states.
- Similarly, among Union Territories, Pondicherry, Chandigarh, and Delhi lead the ranking, with Lakshwadeep at the bottom.
Tamil Nadu’s performance:
- Tamil Nadu achieved excellence in the public infrastructure sector, which measures indicators like access to potable water, Open Defection Free (ODF) towns, connectivity to rural habitations, access to clean cooking fuel (LPG/PNG), 24×7 power supply etc.
- The state has also fared well in judicial and public security, which factors in indicators like conviction rate, availability of police personnel, the proportion of women police personnel, disposal of court cases, etc.
- However, the state was found languishing in sectors like agriculture and allied sectors, commerce and industries, social welfare and development.