- It is the fastest land animal in the world.
- The cheetah’s slender, long-legged body is built for speed.
- Cheetahs are tan in color with black spots all over their bodies.
- They can also be distinguished from other big cats by their smaller size, spotted coats, small heads and ears and distinctive “tear stripes” that stretch from the corner of the eye to the side of the nose.
- In 1900, there were over 100,000 cheetahs across their historic range.
- Today, an estimated 9,000 to 12,000 cheetahs remain in the wild in Africa.
- In Iran, there are around 200 cheetahs living in small isolated populations.
- Historically cheetahs were found throughout Africa and Asia from South Africa to India.
- They are now confined to parts of eastern, central and southwestern Africa and a small portion of Iran.
- Found mostly in open and partially open savannah, cheetahs rely on tall grasses for camouflage when hunting.
- They are diurnal (more active in the day) animals and hunt mostly during the late morning or early evening.
- Historical capture and trade in live Cheetah has been reported as a key cause of their disappearance from much of their range in Asia.
- Live Cheetah are caught and traded illegally to the pet trade and they are also hunted for their skin.
- Cheetahs are particularly vulnerable to habitat loss and fragmentation.
About National Tiger Conservation Authority
- The National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- The National Tiger Conservation Authority was launched in 2005, following recommendations of the Tiger Task Force.
- It was given statutory status by 2006 amendment of the Wildlife Protection Act.
- Objectives of the NTCA:
- Providing statutory authority to Project Tiger so that compliance of its directives becomes legal.
- Fostering accountability of Center-State in management of Tiger Reserves, by providing a basis for MoU with States within our federal structure.
- Providing for an oversight by Parliament.
- Addressing livelihood interests of local people in areas surrounding Tiger Reserves.
Section : Environment & Ecology