World Wetland Day

About Ramsar Convention on Wetland

  • It is a convention on Wetlands, signed at Ramsar, Iran, in 1971.
  • It is an intergovernmental treaty which provides the framework for national action and international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
  • There are presently 158 Contracting Parties to the Convention.
  • It is the only global environment treaty dealing with a particular ecosystem.
  • It was developed as a means to call international attention to the rate at which wetland habitats were disappearing, in part due to a lack of understanding of their important functions, values, goods and services.



Major obligations of countries which are party to the Convention are:

  • Designate wetlands for inclusion in the List of Wetlands of International Importance.
  • Promote the wise use of wetlands in their territory.
  • Promote international cooperation especially with regard to trans-boundary wetlands, shared water systems and shared species.
  • Create wetland reserves.


Montreux Record

Montreux Record under the Convention is a register of wetland sites on the List of Wetlands of International Importance where:

  • Changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring, or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.
  • It is maintained as part of the Ramsar List.
  • The Montreux Record was established by the Conference of the Contracting Parties in1990.
  • The Montreux Record should be employed to identify priority sites for positive national and international conservation attention.
  • Sites may be added to and removed from the Record only with the approval of the Contracting Parties in which they lie.


World Wetland Day

  • World Wetlands Day which is celebrated each year on 2 February, marks the date of the adoption of the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971, in the Iranian city of Ramsar.


National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP)

  • The Government of India operationalised National Wetland Conservation Programme (NWCP) in closed collaboration with concerned State Governments during the year 1985/86.
  • Under the programme, 115 wetlands have been identified till now by the Ministry which requires urgent conservation and management initiatives.



  • Conservation and wise use of wetlands in the country so as to prevent their further degradation



  • To lay down policy guidelines for conservation and management of wetlands in the country
  • To undertake intensive conservation measures in priority wetlands
  • To monitor implementation of the programme
  • To prepare an inventory of Indian wetlands
Section : Environment & Ecology