Background on plastic pollution in India

Background on plastic pollution in India According to the recent CPCB data, India generates more than 25,000 tonnes of plastic waste every day, of which 40% remains uncollected and ends up as waste. This uncollected causing choking of drainage and river systems, littering of the marine ecosystem, soil and water pollution, ingestion by stray animals,Continue reading “Background on plastic pollution in India”


Organophosphates Organophosphates are a group of human-made chemicals, esters of phosphoric acid,  that poison insects and mammals. Organophosphates are used in agriculture, homes, gardens and veterinary practices. In the past decade, several OPs have been discontinued for use. Common organophosphates include: Parathion Malathion Methyl parathion Chlorpyrifos Diazinon Terbufos   Toxicokinetics: Mechanism of organophosphate toxicity The chemical canContinue reading “Organophosphates”

Elephant Corridors in India

Elephant Corridors in India Elephant corridors are essentially linear patches of natural vegetation that connect two habitats which is important for jumbo movement and to maintain a healthy population. However, sprouting of roads, railway lines, electricity towers, canals, and human settlements in these corridors are forcing elephants to stray from their natural paths, causing conflictContinue reading “Elephant Corridors in India”

About Blackbuck

About Blackbuck Blackbucks are herbivore antelope species usually found in open grasslands, dry scrub areas and thinly forested areas. Its predators include Feral dogs, wolf, Hyena, Jackal, Wild Pigs etc. (Cheetah, when found in India, was the important predator of Blackbuck). In India, they are found in arid and semi-arid short grass plains of Punjab, Haryana,Continue reading “About Blackbuck”

About Green India Mission

About Green India Mission The National Mission for a Green India is one of the 8 Missions under the National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC) introduced in 2010-2011. The mission emphasizes the role of afforestation in the context of climate change adaptation and mitigation. It aims at addressing climate change by Enhancing carbon sinksContinue reading “About Green India Mission”

About India State of Forest Report

About India State of Forest Report • Forest Survey of India (FSI) an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change Government of India has been assessing the forest and tree resources of our country on a biennial basis since 1987. • The results of the assessment are published in its biennial report titled “India State of Forest Report (ISFR)”. • The reportContinue reading “About India State of Forest Report”

About Eurasian Otter

About Eurasian Otter IUCN status of Eurasian Otter is “near threatened”. The Eurasian otter is a semi-aquatic species living in a wide range of freshwater habitats and along coasts. The Eurasian otter has been recorded historically from the Western Ghats (Coorg in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu’s Nilgiri and Palani hill ranges). However, this is the first photographic andContinue reading “About Eurasian Otter”

Air Pollution

Air Pollution The following are the major gaseous and particulate pollutants present: Gaseous air pollutants: Oxides of sulphur, nitrogen and carbon, hydrogen sulphide, hydrocarbons, ozone and other oxidants. Particulate pollutants: Dust, mist, fumes, smoke, smog etc. In India, thermal power plant account for 80% of all industrial emissions of particulate matter, sulphur and nitrous oxidesContinue reading “Air Pollution”

About SwachhSurvekshan

About SwachhSurvekshan SwachhSurvekshan is an annual ranking exercise taken up by the Government of India since 2016 to assess rural and urban areas for their levels of cleanliness and active implementation of Swachhata mission initiatives in a timely and innovative manner. The objective of the survey is to- Encourage large scale citizen participation and createContinue reading “About SwachhSurvekshan”

Stubble Burning: The issue

Stubble Burning: The issue As mentioned above the stated objective of the government in various policies is to route the crop residue for producing biofuels thereby reducing stubble burning. However, stubble burning still remains a major problem across the country. According to estimates, crop residue burnt in India range from 200 million tonnes to 240Continue reading “Stubble Burning: The issue”

About National Board for Wildlife

About National Board for Wildlife • In accordance with section 5 A added in the 2002 amendment to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the union government is empowered to constitute the National Board for Wildlife as a statutory body. • Headed by Prime Minister, NBWL is the highest decision making body on matters relating to wildlifepolicy in India. • Environment Protection Act and Wildlife Protection Act have provisionsContinue reading “About National Board for Wildlife”

About Black spotted turtle

About Black spotted turtle The black spotted turtle or spotted pond turtle is native to South Asia, and a heavily trafficked chelonian. It is classified as vulnerable by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) Red List of threatened species. The medium-sized freshwater turtle has a black shell with yellow streaks. The species was once smuggledContinue reading “About Black spotted turtle”

Silent Valley National Park:

Silent Valley National Park: It is the last remaining rain forest of Kerala. Silent Valley was declared as National Park in 1984 and formally inaugurated in the year 1985. Initially there was only 89.52 area under the Division which forms the core zone of the National Park. In 2007, an area of 148 was addedContinue reading “Silent Valley National Park:”

In-Brief: About Asian Rhinos

News Summary Five Asian Rhino–range countries have signed the New Delhi Declaration on protection and conservation of Asian Rhino population: India Nepal Bhutan Indonesia Malaysia Three types of Asian Rhinos include Greater one-horned Rhino in India, Nepal and Bhutan Javan Rhino Sumatran Rhino   New Delhi Declaration: Rhino Conservation Strategy Trans-boundary collaboration between India, Nepal andContinue reading “In-Brief: About Asian Rhinos”

Organophosphates Poisoning: A backgrounder

Organophosphates Poisoning: A backgrounder According to WHO classification of Pesticides by Hazard, organophosphate pesticides belong to class 1, which means the pesticide is extremely/highly hazardous. The organophosphates are commonly found in various commercial pesticides, insecticides, and fungicides. The organophosphates present in the pesticides enters the human body through: Skin Lungs when inhaled 10-15% Enters the bloodContinue reading “Organophosphates Poisoning: A backgrounder”

About Polar Vortex

About Polar Vortex Normal Condition Polar vortex is a low-pressure system where strong cold air masses circulate in counter-clockwise direction, 2 meters over the poles (both North and South). Usually the upper cold air mass is trapped in the poles due to existence of low-pressure belt at the poles.(See figure)     Distorted Condition SometimesContinue reading “About Polar Vortex”

About Bandipur National Park and Forest Fires

About Bandipur National Park Bandipur National Park is located in Chamarajanagar district of Karnataka. It constitutes of forest landscape comprising Nagarahole (Karnataka), Mudumalai and Sathyamangalam (Tamil Nadu) and Wayanad (Kerala). Bandipur constitutes an integral part of ‘Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve’ along with. Mudumalai Wildlife Sanctuary in Tamil Nadu Wayanad Wildlife Sanctuary in Kerala Nagarhole National Park in KarnatakaContinue reading “About Bandipur National Park and Forest Fires”

What are E-wastes?

What are E-wastes? Typically E-waste includes discarded computer monitors, motherboards, Cathode Ray Tubes (CRT), Printed Circuit Board (PCB), mobile phones and chargers, compact discs, headphones, white goods such as Liquid Crystal Displays (LCD)/ Plasma televisions, air conditioners, refrigerators etc. Computer equipment accounts for almost 70% of e-waste material followed by telecommunication equipment (12%), electrical equipment (8%) and medical equipmentContinue reading “What are E-wastes?”

What is Disaster risk reduction (DRR)?

What is Disaster risk reduction (DRR)? Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster. It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them   Background In May 2017, Global Platform for Disaster Risk ReductionContinue reading “What is Disaster risk reduction (DRR)?”

Waste-Energy Plants: A backgrounder

Waste-Energy Plants: A backgrounder What are Waste-Energy plants? Waste-To-Energy (WTE) plants are innovative ways of converting non-recyclable wastes, organic and inorganic, into usable forms of energy including heat, electricity and fuel. Different types of WTE processes include: Incinerators which are used to produce usable form of heat by complete combustion of waste Pyrolysis – thermal degradation of organicContinue reading “Waste-Energy Plants: A backgrounder”

World Wildlife Day

In Brief: World Wildlife Day The UN World Wildlife Day is being celebrated on 3rd March every year since 2013, to raise awareness of the world’s wild animals and plants. In 2013, it was first proclaimed by a United Nations General Assembly resolution. 3rd March is chosen as World Wildlife Day because it was on this date that the CITESContinue reading “World Wildlife Day”

About Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife sanctuary

About Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife sanctuary Today, it is the only area in Asia, where Asiatic lions occur, and is considered one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to its supported species. 1,412 square km of which 258 square km is fully protected as national park and 1,153 square km Continue reading “About Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife sanctuary”

About River Ganga Basin and its tributaries

About River Ganga Basin and its tributaries The Ganga basin outspreads in India, Tibet (China), Nepal and Bangladesh over an area of 10,86,000 In India, it covers states of Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan, Bihar, West Bengal, Uttarakhand, Jharkhand, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Himachal Pradesh and Union Territory of Delhi. It drains an area of 8,61,452 which isContinue reading “About River Ganga Basin and its tributaries”

What is Formalin?

What is Formalin? Formalin is a chemical of 37–50 percent aqueous solution of dissolved formaldehyde (CH2O) in water.   What is the use of formalin? Formalin is a preservative mostly used in forensic museums and morgues where autopsies are conducted. Other usage includes pressed wood products, paper, textile fibers, adhesives and plastics, carpeting, foam insulation, cosmetics, nailContinue reading “What is Formalin?”