About Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife sanctuary

About Gir Forest National Park and Wildlife sanctuary

  • Today, it is the only area in Asia, where Asiatic lions occur, and is considered one of the most important protected areas in Asia due to its supported species.
  • 1,412 square km of which 258 square km is fully protected as national park and 1,153 square km  as wildlife sanctuary.
  • Flora
    • Teak occurs mixed with dry deciduous species. Savannah forests of Gir are locally known as “vidis”. It is the largest dry deciduous forest in western India.
    • Several species of acacia are found. Also found here are ber, jamun, flame of the forest, zizyphus, tendu and dhak.
  • Fauna
    • The carnivores group mainly comprises the Asiatic lion, Indian leopard, jungle cat, striped hyena, Golden jackal, Indian and Ruddy mongoose, and honey badger.
    • The main herbivores of Gir are chital, nilgai, sambar, four-horned antelope, chinkara and wild boar.
    • Among the smaller mammals, porcupine and hare are common.
    • The reptiles are represented by the mugger crocodile, Indian cobra, tortoise and monitor lizard .
    • Some of the typical species of avifauna of Gir include crested serpent eagle, endangered Bonelli’s eagle, crested hawk-eagle, brown fish owl, Indian eagle-owl, rock bush-quail, Indian peafowl, brown-capped pygmy woodpecker, black-headed oriole, crested treeswift and Indian pitta.