World Wildlife Day

In Brief: World Wildlife Day

  • The UN World Wildlife Day is being celebrated on 3rd March every year since 2013to raise awareness of the world’s wild animals and plants.
  • In 2013, it was first proclaimed by a United Nations General Assembly resolution.
  • 3rd March is chosen as World Wildlife Day because it was on this date that the CITES convention was signed in 1973.
  • CITES Secretariat, Geneva is the designated facilitator for the global observance of World Wildlife Day.


In Focus: World Wildlife Day 2019

  • Theme: ‘Life below water: for people and planet’
  • This is the first time that the World Wildlife Day has focused on ‘marine species’.
  • It is in line with SDG 14, ‘Life below water’.


Marine Wildlife: A backgrounder

  • Marine Wildlife identified till date constitutes about 200,000 species with millions more awaiting to be discovered.
  • The market value of marine and coastal resources is estimated at US$3 trillion per year, about 5% of global GDP.
  • Globally, about 3 billion people are dependent on marine and coastal resources for their livelihoods.
  • This is despite the fact that coastal zones make up just 4% of the earth’s total land area and 11% of the world’s oceans.


Significance of Marine wildlife


Threats to Marine Wildlife

About 40% of the ocean is affected by various threats including

  • Over exploitation of marine species
  • Pollution
  • Loss of coastal habitats
  • Climate change


Section : Environment & Ecology