What is Disaster risk reduction (DRR)?
- Disaster risk reduction (DRR) is a systematic approach to identifying, assessing and reducing the risks of disaster.
- It aims to reduce socio-economic vulnerabilities to disaster as well as dealing with the environmental and other hazards that trigger them
- In May 2017, Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GPDRR) was organised by UNISDR at Cancun, Mexico.
- GPDRR is a global forum for strategic advice, coordination, partnership development and review of progress in the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction (SFDRR) 2015-2030
- In Cancun meet India proposed the formation of the coalition at the UN global conference on DRR.
- Later in a follow up meeting in January 2018, New Delhi hosted jointly with the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) an international meet where representatives from at least 22 countries participated towards formation of the coalition.
- At the New Delhi meet, multilateral agencies such as the Asian Development Bank, the World Bank, New Development Bank, besides Japan, Germany, Australia, Malaysia, Thailand, Nepal, Bhutan and the Netherlands had participated to give shape to the coalition.
About the Global Coalition on DRR
- The road map encompasses four verticals:
- Risk assessment for infrastructure
- Improvements in standards and regulation for infrastructure sectors
- Role of finance in promoting disaster resilience of infrastructure
- Mechanisms for supporting recovery in infrastructure
- The coalition will support research, knowledge sharing and mutual technical assistance among coalition partners along these four areas.
- The coalition will focus specifically on disaster resilience of major infrastructure.
- The coalition will cater to the needs of both developed and developing countries
- Developing countries are in a phase of rapid growth in infrastructure building and developed countries need to replace their ageing infrastructure.
- India is in discussions with a number of nations, multilateral development banks, UN agencies, and other international organisations to shape the coalition.
- India is likely to spend $1.5 trillion on infrastructure in the next 10 years.
- Considering most of these investments will be in building critical infrastructure in sectors like roads, hospitals, schools, power and telecommunication, the government is giving emphasis on knowledge sharing and mainstreaming DRR activities in all developmental work.
- In 2017, India had launched a South Asia satellite to help countries in the subcontinent with a real time relay of early warning and risk assessment from impending disasters.
- The satellite will set up latest communication systems and carry out rescue operations and minimise disaster deaths.
United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR)
- UNISDR was established in 1999 as a dedicated secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR).
- UNISDR is part of the United Nations Secretariat and its functions span the social, economic, environmental as well as humanitarian fields.
- United Nation Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNISDR) acts as the designated agency for the coordination of disaster reduction strategies.
- UNISDR coordinates international efforts in Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) and guide, monitor as well as report regularly on the progress of the implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, following the Hyogo Framework for Action.
- It convenes the biennial Global Platform on Disaster Risk Reduction with leaders and decision makers to advance risk reduction policies and supports the establishment of regional, national and thematic platforms.
- UNISDR informs and connects people by providing practical services and tools such as the risk reduction website PreventionWeb, terminology, publications on good practices, country profiles and the Global Assessment Report on Disaster Risk Reduction which is an authoritative biennial analysis of global disaster risks and trends.
- The Sendai Framework is a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement which recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders.
- It aims for the following outcome: The substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses in lives, livelihoods and health and in the economic, physical, social, cultural and environmental assets of persons, businesses, communities and countries.
Section : Environment & Ecology