About National Board for Wildlife
• In accordance with section 5 A added in the 2002 amendment to the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, the union government is empowered to constitute the National Board for Wildlife as a statutory body.
• Headed by Prime Minister, NBWL is the highest decision making body on matters relating to wildlifepolicy in India.
• Environment Protection Act and Wildlife Protection Act have provisions for diversion of forest land for non-forest use.
• Accordingly NBWL is entrusted with the power to approve projects around protected areas, eco-sensitive areas, Tiger Reserves etc
• According to Wild Life (Protection) Amendment Act, 2002, constitution of the National Board for Wild Lifeincludes
• Prime Minister as Chairperson, the Minister of MOEFCC, 3 MPs, one from RS and 2 from LS, 5 persons from NGOs to be nominated by the Central Government, 10 eminent conservationists, ecologists and environ-mentalists and other members.
Mandate of National Board for Wildlife
In accordance with the various provisions of Wildlife Protection Act, the National Board for Wildlife performs following functions:
• To promote the conservation and development of wild life and forests by such measures as it thinks fit.
• framing policies and advising the Central Government and the State Governments on the ways and means of promoting wild life conservation and effectively controlling poaching and illegal trade of wild life and its products;
• Making recommendations on the setting up of the management of national parks, sanctuaries and other protected areas and on matters relating to restriction of activities in those areas;
• Carrying out or causing to be carried out impact assessment of various projects and activities on wild life or its habitat;
• Reviewing the progress in the field of wild life conservation in the country and suggesting measures for improvement thereto
• Approval of projects involving construction of commercial lodges, hotels etc around Protected Areas
• Approval for alteration of the boundaries of a National Park
• Issuing permit for destruction, removal of wildlife or forest produce from a National Park.
• Approval for diversion of habitat
• Ensuring tiger reserves and areas linking one protected area with another are not diverted for ecologically unsustainable uses.
• Approval for alteration or denotification of Tiger Reserves