About Western Ghats
- The Western Ghats extends over a distance of approx. 1,500 km from Tapti river in the north to Kanyakumari in the south.
- It extends along the West Coast of India covering area of 150,000 square kilometres.
- It is a UNESCO world Heritage site.
- It is one of the hottest hotspots of biological diversity.
- The significance of Western Ghats is that along with its rich biodiversity, it also supports a rich environment dependent civilisation of several thousand years.
- The total area is less than 6% of the land area of India, but contains more than 30% of all plant, fish, fauna, bird, mammal species found in India.
- It has high proportion of endemic species and supports the life of 7,402 species of flowering plants, 1814 species of non-flowering plants, 139 mammal species, 508 bird species, 179 amphibian species, 6000 insects species and 290 freshwater fish species.
- The Western Ghats contain numerous medicinal plants and important genetic resources. It is home to diverse social, religious and linguistic groups.
- Western Ghats perform important hydrological and watershed functions
- States covering Western Ghats include Maharashtra, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu.
- The largest proportion 45% of the area protected with the Western Ghats lies within 19 protected areas in the State of Karnataka.
- There are four major forest types in Western Ghats:-
- Semi- evergreen.
- Moist deciduous.
- Dry deciduous
Section : Environment & Ecology