About Olive Ridley Turtles
- The Olive Ridley turtle is the smallest and most abundant of all sea turtles, named for the generally greenish color of its skin and shell, or carapace.
- Olive Ridleys are found only in warmer waters, including the southern Atlantic, Pacific and Indian Oceans.
- It is best known for their unique mass nesting called Arribada, which is a mass-nesting event when thousands of female turtles come together on the same beach each year to lay eggs.
- The olive ridley is mostly carnivorous, feeding on such creatures as jellyfish, snails, crabs, and shrimp.
IUCN Status: Vulnerable
- Unfriendly fishing practices
- Development and exploitation of nesting beaches for ports, and tourist centres
- Poaching for their meat, shell and leather
- Accidental killing of adult turtles through entanglement in trawl nets and gill nets
Few Important steps taken in India:
Issue-I: Missile Testing
- The Integrated Test Range missile testing facility is located on the Dr. Kalam island. The bright lights installed at the missile testing facility on the island caused some baby turtles to get lost as they were attracted towards the lights. Many baby turtles would fail to find their way to sea, and some died as a result.
- To protect the turtles, all lights at the facility are dimmed or masked during nesting season, and missile testing is restrained during the turtles’ nesting and breeding season.
Issue-II: Fishing nets
- Accidental killing of adult turtles through entanglement in trawl nets
- The Orissa government has made it mandatory for trawls to use Turtle Excluder Devices (TEDs), a net specially designed with an exit cover which allows the turtles to escape while retaining the catch.
Section : Environment & Ecology