About Plastic Waste
- Plastic waste in general is classified into 2 categories:
- Thermoplastic: 94% of total plastic waste in India and is recyclable
- Thermoset: 6% of the total plastic waste and in non-recyclable
- The main reason of high amount of plastic waste in Indian cities is because of low level of recycling.
- Segregation of the waste at the source is the foundation of recycling, which has not been enforced effectively.
Types of Plastic Waste and their sources
- PET (Polyethylene Terephthalate)
- Source: Mainly drinking water and soft drink bottles, plastic jars, plastics films, plastic sheets.
- Recyclability: Easily Recyclable.
- High Density Polyethylene and Low Density Polyethylene
- Source: Plastics bags, food containers, woven sacks, plastics Toys, milk pouches & shopping bags.
- Recyclability: Commonly recyclable as it does not break under exposure to extreme heat and cold.
- PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride)
- Source: Pipes, Hoses, Sheets, Wire, cable insulations, Multilayer Tubes
- Recyclability: It is least recycled and is called as ‘poison plastic’.
- Source: Disposable Cups, Bottle caps, Straws
- Recyclability: Difficult to recycle.
- Source: Disposable cups, glasses, plates, spoons, trays, CD covers, foams
- Recyclability: Not recyclable as it breaks easily.
- Source: CD, Helmets, Shoe soles.
- Recyclability: Not recyclable
- Single-use plastics are disposable plastic items that are commonly used for packaging and include items intended to be used only once before they are thrown away or recycled.
- As a host to World Environment Day in 2018, India committed to end the use of single-use plastic by 2022.
- In September 2018, the government prioritized 4 single-use plastic products for complete phase out- styrofoam cups, plastic water bottles, disposable plastic cutlery and all plastic carry bags.
Section : Environment & Ecology