About Radio-frequency identification (RFID):
- Managing and locating important assets is a key challenge for almost any business.
- Radio-frequency identification (RFID) uses electromagnetic fields to automatically identify, read and capture information stored on a tag attached to an object.
- There are two types of RFID Tags:
- Active RFID Tags:
- They are typically larger and more expensive than passive tags, and offer longer read ranges that in some cases can extend up to 100m.
- However, active tags typically have a more limited lifespan than passive tags.
- Passive RFID Tags:
- They are typically smaller and less expensive than active tags, although their read ranges are shorter.
- Passive RFID tags have no power of their own and are powered by the radio frequency energy transmitted from RFID readers/antennas.
Significance of RFID technology in transport Sector:
- RFID or radio frequency identification devices enable vehicles to electronically pay charges at toll plazas and ensure seamless movement.
- The RFID system will allow the automatic collection of toll tax and environment compensation charge from commercial vehicles entering the city.
- The RFID project, by phasing out cash transactions and human interaction, is meant to reduce the time spent at the toll plazas by vehicles.
About Environment Pollution Control Authority (EPCA):
- EPCA is Supreme Court mandated body tasked with taking various measures to tackle air pollution in the National Capital Region (NCR).
- EPCA was constituted with the objective of ‘protecting and improving’ the quality of the environment and ‘controlling environmental pollution’ in the National Capital Region.
- The EPCA was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act by the central government in 1998 at the behest of the Supreme Court.
- The EPCA also assists the apex court in various environment-related matters in the region.
- It has the power to file criminal complaints (under Section 19 of the Act) before courts.
- Besides the chairman, the EPCA has 14 members, some of whom are the environment secretary of the National Capital Territory of Delhi (NCT), chairperson of the New Delhi Municipal Council, transport commissioner of the NCT, the commissioners of various municipal corporations of Delhi and professors at IIT Delhi and Jawaharlal Nehru University.
- To protect and improve quality of environment and prevent and control environmental pollution in National Capital Region.
- To enforce Graded Response Action Plan (GRAP) in NCR as per the pollution levels.
Section : Environment & Ecology