About United Nations Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR)
- UNDRR was established in 1999 as a dedicated secretariat to facilitate the implementation of the International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (ISDR).
- Objective: It works towards the substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses to ensure a sustainable future.
- Mandate: To serve as the focal point in the United Nations system for the coordination of disaster reduction and to ensure synergies among the disaster reduction activities of the United Nations system and regional organizations.
- Headquarters: Geneva
- UNDRR has been tasked to support the implementation, follow-up and review of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction 2015-2030 adopted in 2015.
About Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction
- The Sendai Framework is a 15-year, voluntary, non-binding agreement adopted by UN member states in 2015.
- Aim: To reduce disaster deaths economic losses and strengthen risk governance by building resilience and investing in early warning system.
- It was adopted by UN member states in 2015.
- The Framework recognizes that the State has the primary role to reduce disaster risk but that responsibility should be shared with other stakeholders including local government, the private sector and other stakeholders.
The Seven Global Targets
- Substantially reduce global disaster mortality by 2030, aiming to lower average per 100,000 global mortality rate in the decade 2020-2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.
- Substantially reduce the number of affected people globally by 2030, aiming to lower average global figure per 100,000 in the decade 2020 -2030 compared to the period 2005-2015.
- Reduce direct disaster economic loss in relation to global gross domestic product (GDP) by 2030.
- Substantially reduce disaster damage to critical infrastructure and disruption of basic services, among them health and educational facilities, including through developing their resilience by 2030.
- Substantially increase the number of countries with national and local disaster risk reduction strategies by 2020.
- Substantially enhance international cooperation to developing countries through adequate and sustainable support to complement their national actions for implementation of this Framework by 2030.
- Substantially increase the availability of and access to multi-hazard early warning systems and disaster risk information and assessments to the people by 2030.
The Four Priorities for Action
- Understanding disaster risk
- Strengthening disaster risk governance to manage disaster risk
- Investing in disaster risk reduction for resilience
- Improving capacities for disaster response as well as for building back better after disasters.
Section : Environment & Ecology