About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings

About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings

  • The Victorian buildings are amongst the finest and most cohesive group of 19th century Victorian Gothic in the world.
  • The Art Deco of the 20th century is the second largest and homogenous collections in the world.
  • The eastern edge of the property is defined by Mahatma Gandhi Marg and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Chowk within the designated historic precinct of Fort area.
  • This marks the edge of the 19th century fortified city of Bombay (now Mumbai).
  • Though the fort walls were mostly torn down in the 1860s under the governorship of Sir Bartle Frere, the name persists in public memory and is a protected heritage precinct under the Heritage Regulations for Greater Bombay 1995.
  • The western edge of the property is defined by the Arabian sea that lines the 20th century Art Deco buildings of Backbay Reclamation and Marine Drive.
  • The northern edge of the property is defined by Veer Nariman Road and the southern edge by Madame Cama Road.


The collection of buildings include:

  • The row of public buildings of the High Court,
  • Mumbai University,
  • Old Secretariat,
  • NGMA,
  • Elphinstone College,
  • David Sassoon Library,
  • Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya,
  • Western Railways headquarters,
  • Maharashtra Police headquarters to the east of Oval Maidan
  • The first row of Backbay Reclamation scheme,
  • Cricket Club of India,
  • Ram Mahal along Dinshaw Wacha Road,
  • The iconic cinema halls of Eros and Regal
  • The first row of buildings along Marine Drive.

Benefits to Mumbai

  • Mumbai’s tourism and culture would be hugely benefited.
  • Mumbai will be brought on the international tourist map.
  • Being the financial capital of our country, Mumbai attracts many businessmen like London and some European cities. It would have the unique distinction of being both a financial capital and a world heritage site


  • UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organization.
  • It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture.
  • UNESCO’s programs contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015.
  • Other UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Maharashtra

    1. Elephanta Caves

    2. Ellora Caves

    3. Ajanta Caves

    4. Kailasa temple, Ellora

Section : History & Culture