About Victorian structures and Art Deco Buildings
- The Victorian buildings are amongst the finest and most cohesive group of 19th century Victorian Gothic in the world.
- The Art Deco of the 20th century is the second largest and homogenous collections in the world.
- The eastern edge of the property is defined by Mahatma Gandhi Marg and Shyama Prasad Mukherjee Chowk within the designated historic precinct of Fort area.
- This marks the edge of the 19th century fortified city of Bombay (now Mumbai).
- Though the fort walls were mostly torn down in the 1860s under the governorship of Sir Bartle Frere, the name persists in public memory and is a protected heritage precinct under the Heritage Regulations for Greater Bombay 1995.
- The western edge of the property is defined by the Arabian sea that lines the 20th century Art Deco buildings of Backbay Reclamation and Marine Drive.
- The northern edge of the property is defined by Veer Nariman Road and the southern edge by Madame Cama Road.
The collection of buildings include:
- The row of public buildings of the High Court,
- Mumbai University,
- Old Secretariat,
- Elphinstone College,
- David Sassoon Library,
- Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Vastu Sangrahalaya,
- Western Railways headquarters,
- Maharashtra Police headquarters to the east of Oval Maidan
- The first row of Backbay Reclamation scheme,
- Cricket Club of India,
- Ram Mahal along Dinshaw Wacha Road,
- The iconic cinema halls of Eros and Regal
- The first row of buildings along Marine Drive.
Benefits to Mumbai
- Mumbai’s tourism and culture would be hugely benefited.
- Mumbai will be brought on the international tourist map.
- Being the financial capital of our country, Mumbai attracts many businessmen like London and some European cities. It would have the unique distinction of being both a financial capital and a world heritage site
- UNESCO is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural organization.
- It seeks to build peace through international cooperation in Education, the Sciences and Culture.
- UNESCO’s programs contribute to the achievement of the Sustainable Development Goals defined in Agenda 2030, adopted by the UN General Assembly in 2015.
- Other UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Maharashtra
1. Elephanta Caves
2. Ellora Caves
3. Ajanta Caves
4. Kailasa temple, Ellora
Section : History & Culture