Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Middle East

Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Middle East Details : Middle East The Middle East is a transcontinental region centered on Western Asia, Turkey (both Asian and European), and Egypt (which is mostly in North Africa). Arabian peninsula is the largest in the world. In the eastern parts there is salt desert, western parts there is sandyContinue reading “Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Middle East”

About National Stem Cell Registry

About National Stem Cell Registry It will be a government managed database of unrelated bone-marrow donors. The database will be created by linking 5 existing stem cell registries in India. It is being set up primarily to find matching donors for treating patients with blood-related disorders such as blood cancers (lymphoma, leukemia) thalassaemia, sickle-cell anaemia, haemophilia The databaseContinue reading “About National Stem Cell Registry”

About: South China Sea (SCS)

It is one of the busiest waterways of the world connecting Asia with Europe and Africa. One third of global shipping, or a total of US$3.37 trillion of international trade, passes through the South China Sea. Its seabed is rich with natural resources like oil and natural gas. The US Energy Information Administration estimates the area containsContinue reading “About: South China Sea (SCS)”

About REITs

About REITs REITs are investment vehicles that own, operate and manage a portfolio of income-generating properties for regular returns. These are usually commercial properties (offices, shopping centres, hotels etc.) that generate rental income. An REIT works very much like a mutual fund. It pools funds from a number of investors and invests them in rent-generatingContinue reading “About REITs”

In focus: Space Debris from Mission Shakti

In focus: Space Debris from Mission Shakti Findings NASA has identified that India’s A-SAT missile test has generated around 400 pieces of pace debris. 60 are larger than 10cm in size and 24 are identified by NASA as potential threat to International Space Station (ISS) orbiting at the height of 410 km. NASA’s concern: ThreatContinue reading “In focus: Space Debris from Mission Shakti”

About Hyper-Spectral Imaging

About Hyper-Spectral Imaging Working • Hyper-Spectral Imaging is a combination of spectroscopy and digital imaging. • The sensors or cameras, mounted on UAVs, will take images in two wavelengths of the electro-magnetic spectrum, namely ‘visible light’ and ‘infrared’. • The images so takes will be run through ‘deep learning’ algorithms to process them into usable data. • The data so processed is thenContinue reading “About Hyper-Spectral Imaging”

About Sir Chhotu Ram (1881-1945)

About Sir Chhotu Ram (1881-1945)   Background In the early 19th century India witnessed immense agricultural indebtedness. With 2.3 million acres under agriculture in 1901-1902, Punjab was primarily an agricultural economy. Chhotu Ram is regarded as the champion of peasantry. He sought to empower peasantry politically, socially and economically. He also served as a distinguishedContinue reading “About Sir Chhotu Ram (1881-1945)”

How stock markets really work?

Headline : How stock markets really work? Details : What is Market Capitalisation? Market capitalisation or value is the price of individual shares multiplied by total number of shares in the issue. Companies have a dominant shareholder, which can be the government or some promoting group or a business family. Remaining shares are held by institutionsContinue reading “How stock markets really work?”

About Generations of Internet

About Generations of Internet The mobile wireless Generation (G) generally refers to a change in the nature of the system, speed, technology, frequency, data capacity, latency etc. Each generation has some standards, different capacities, new techniques and new features which differentiate it from the previous one. The journey of mobile wireless communication began with 1GContinue reading “About Generations of Internet”

Angkor Wat Temple

Angkor: Angkor, in Cambodia’s northern province of Siem Reap, is one of the most important archaeological sites of Southeast Asia. It was the capital of the Khmer Empire, which flourished from approximately the 9th to the 15th centuries. It contains the magnificent remains of the different capitals of the Khmer Empire. They include the famousContinue reading “Angkor Wat Temple”

2023 to be celebrated as international year of millets

Headline : 2023 to be celebrated as international year of millets Details : The News Acting on India’s proposal, the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) of the United Nations has agreed to celebrate ‘International Year of Millets’ in 2023   What are millets? Millet is a common term to categorize small-seeded grasses that are often termedContinue reading “2023 to be celebrated as international year of millets”

Hybrid material 

Why in News? The researchers of the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) synthesised a  hydrophobic (water hating) hybrid molecular material.   Hybrid material  The material was synthesised by combining polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) and diphenylalanine. The POSS molecule has unique properties of high thermal stability and fire retarding ability. Both POSS andContinue reading “Hybrid material “

In brief: Cruise Missiles v/s Ballistic Missiles

About Nirbhay Nirbhay is the long range sub-sonic cruise missile. It is 1st indigenously developed long range cruise missile flying at low altitudes. It is designed and developed by Advanced Defence Establishment of DRDO. It will arm the army, the navy and the air force. Features It flies at subsonic speeds of 0.7 mach. (speed ofContinue reading “In brief: Cruise Missiles v/s Ballistic Missiles”

Kavirajamargam and Vaddaradhane

Kavirajamargam Kavirajamargam (The Way of the King of Poets) was authored by Srivijaya. The work dates back to the 9th century. It has been translated by R.V.S. Sundaram and Deven M. Patel. Kavirajamargam is an extant work of early Kannada. It is regarded as one of the early works to address literary culture from aContinue reading “Kavirajamargam and Vaddaradhane”

Headline : Wars of the currency kind

Headline : Wars of the currency kind Details : Context Recently, RBI Governor Urjit Patel warned that the global trade war could escalate into a currency war. Trade Wars: A Background A trade war is when countries try to attack each other’s trade with taxes and quotas. Trade wars erupt when countries impose tit-for-tat tariffs onContinue reading “Headline : Wars of the currency kind”

Headline : Wars of the currency kind

Headline : Wars of the currency kind Details : Context Recently, RBI Governor Urjit Patel warned that the global trade war could escalate into a currency war. Trade Wars: A Background A trade war is when countries try to attack each other’s trade with taxes and quotas. Trade wars erupt when countries impose tit-for-tat tariffs onContinue reading “Headline : Wars of the currency kind”

Dear Zindagi Quotes: Keep this in Mind

“Don’t let your past blackmail your present, to ruin your beautiful future “Kabhi kabhi hum mushkil rasta sirf is liye chunte hai, kyun ki humein lagta hai, important cheezein paane ke liye humein mushkil rasta apnana chahiye. Apne aap ko punish karna bahut zaroori samajhte hai. But why? Aasaan rasta kyun nahi chun sakte? KyaContinue reading “Dear Zindagi Quotes: Keep this in Mind”

About Sickle-Cell Disease

About Sickle-Cell Disease The Red Blood Cells in the blood contains a protein called hemoglobin, which carries oxygen throughout the body. Normally,  hemoglobin is smooth, round, disk-shaped and flexible, allowing the RBCs to flow smoothly through our bloodstreams. In case of patients with sickle-cell disease, the gene that codes for hemoglobin is genetically mutated making theContinue reading “About Sickle-Cell Disease”

About Multidimensional Poverty Index

About Multidimensional Poverty Index The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI) was developed in 2010 by the Oxford Poverty & Human Development Initiative (OPHI) and the United Nations Development Programme. It replaced the previous Human Poverty Index. The global MPI is released annually by OPHI and the results published on its website. It is an internationalContinue reading “About Multidimensional Poverty Index”

About: Exotic live species

About: Exotic live species According to the advisory, the phrase “exotic live species” includes animals named under the Appendices I, II and III of the Convention of International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora. It does not include species from the Schedules of the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. Approximately 5,800 species of animalsContinue reading “About: Exotic live species”

Virtual Autopsy: No cuts to body, no hurt feelings

Headline : Virtual Autopsy: No cuts to body, no hurt feelings Details : The News Forensic medicine team at the All India Institute of Medical Sciences is starting an experiment for virtual Autopsy. The project will be funded by ICMR under its new initiative to select 10 projects for funding under ‘Centre for Advanced Research andContinue reading “Virtual Autopsy: No cuts to body, no hurt feelings”

In Focus: Overseas Citizenship of India

The Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) is an immigration status permitting a foreign citizen of Indian origin to live and work in India indefinitely. It was introduced by The Citizenship (Amendment) Act, 2005, in response to the demands for dual citizenship by the Indian diaspora, particularly in developed countries. Eligibility: To apply for and use an OCIContinue reading “In Focus: Overseas Citizenship of India”

In focus: Pseudomonas putida (CSV86)

In focus: Pseudomonas putida (CSV86) Introduction Pseudomonas putidais a soil and water bacterium that thrives on organic compounds. They usually use carbon-based energy sources in plant roots for their metabolism. Usually these bacteria breakdown simple hydrocarbons like glucose for energy. The new strain CSV86 discovered have been found to breakdown complex hydrocarbons such as aromatic compounds. ProcessContinue reading “In focus: Pseudomonas putida (CSV86)”

Headline : What does the falling rupee mean for you and economy?

Headline : What does the falling rupee mean for you and economy? Details : Context Since the beginning of 2018 rupee has fallen by about 6 per cent in value against the US dollar hovering past ₹70 to a dollar.   What is meant by Depreciation of Rupee? Rupee is said have depreciated if we endContinue reading “Headline : What does the falling rupee mean for you and economy?”

In Focus: S&P Global Ratings

Global ratings agency S&P has retained India’s sovereign credit rating at BBB (minus) with a stable outlook for the 13th year in a row. The rating agency had in 2007 assigned a ‘BBB-’ rating to India and has been maintaining a stable outlook on India since September 2014. It pointed out that ongoing economic reforms, if executed well,Continue reading “In Focus: S&P Global Ratings”

Single mothers head 4.5% of all Indian households

Headline : Single mothers head 4.5% of all Indian households Details :   In News UN Women has released its flagship report ‘Progress of the world’s women 2019–2020: Families in a changing world’. It assesses the reality of families today in the context of sweeping economic, demographic, political, and social transformation. It also analyses key issuesContinue reading “Single mothers head 4.5% of all Indian households”

Drugs used in India to treat Covid-19

Remdesivir Remdesivir, which inhibits (prevents) viral replication, is an antiviral drug first developed for treating Ebola in 2014. It is one of the possible Covid-19 treatments being investigated in the WHO’s Solidarity Trial. Last month, the US National Institutes of Allergies and Infectious Diseases released preliminary trial results showing recovery time of Covid patients given remdesivir improvedContinue reading “Drugs used in India to treat Covid-19”

About New- generation anti-radiation missile (NGARM)

About New- generation anti-radiation missile (NGARM) NGARM is the first air-to-surface missile completely designed and developed by DRDO. The missile is capable of destroying enemy radars, tracking systems and communication facilities. It will be mounted on the combat aircraft of the IAF such as Sukhoi Su-30MKI and HAL Tejas. It can be launched from different altitudesContinue reading “About New- generation anti-radiation missile (NGARM)”

Figuring out COVID-19 terminology

Over the past few months, we have learnt about many scientific terms in relation to COVID-19. This is like a revision of glossary of terms that are being used now regularly. The disease and its spreadCOVID-19: It is name given by the World Health Organization (WHO) to the disease, that has become a global pandemic. The coronavirus disease 2019Continue reading “Figuring out COVID-19 terminology”

About: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958

About: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation. Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI. It regulates allContinue reading “About: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958”

How India and Australia have elevated their ties Editorial 7th Jun’20 HindustanTimes

India-Australia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership: India and Australia agreed on Comprehensive Strategic Partnership at Virtual Leaders’ Summit between Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and Scott Morrison. The increased cooperation between the two countries and the trust and confidence made it possible to take the partnership to the next level. The new next level partnership reflects a historicContinue reading “How India and Australia have elevated their ties Editorial 7th Jun’20 HindustanTimes”

Endosulfan Pollution: A backgrounder

Endosulfan Pollution: A backgrounder Endosulfan is an organochlorine compound present in several pesticides used on crops like cashew, cotton, tea, paddy, fruits. Staring from 1978, endosulfan was aerially sprayed in the cashew plantations of Kasaragod district of Kerala as insecticide. By 1990s, in more than 20 gram panchayats in Kasargod district, endosulfan had caused serious illnesses to animals andContinue reading “Endosulfan Pollution: A backgrounder”

Headline : Understanding bad loans

Headline : Understanding bad loans Details : Context Former RBI Governor Raghuram Rajan explains the reason behind bad loans.   Highlights of the news Gross Non-performing Assets (NPAs) of banks rose to Rs 10.3 lakh crore in FY18, or 11.2% of advances. Banks wrote off a record Rs 1.44 lakh crore of bad loans in 2017-18.Continue reading “Headline : Understanding bad loans”

How India’s economy can gain from opportunities thrown up after Covid Editorial 1st Jun’20 LiveMint

Covid-19 impacted the economy hard: Given India’s population density and modest health infrastructure, the government had no option but to order a complete lockdown when coronavirus reached India’s shores. As the country stayed indoors, the economy was dealt a crushing blow. Preparing for post-Covid world: While both the central government and the Reserve Bank ofContinue reading “How India’s economy can gain from opportunities thrown up after Covid Editorial 1st Jun’20 LiveMint”

In Focus: GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance

Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance is a public-private global health partnership with the goal of increasing access to immunisation in poor countries. The Alliance brings together countries which introduce vaccines, donors, the WHO which sets standards for vaccines, manufacturers, UNICEF which manages procurement, the World Bank which manages funds and civil society which holds others toContinue reading “In Focus: GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance”

About World Environment Day

About World Environment Day World Environment Day is the largest celebration of environment started in 1974. It is celebrated on 5 June every year to spread awareness about the importance of environment and measure to be adopted to save it. UNEP provides leadership and encourages partnership among governments, the private sector, civil society and withContinue reading “About World Environment Day”

What is the GDP deflator?

Headline : What is the GDP deflator? Details : Gross Domestic product (GDP) GDP and its calculation Gross domestic product (GDP) is the market value of all final goods and services produced within the national borders of a country for a given period of time. As per National Income Accounting there are 3 ways to computeContinue reading “What is the GDP deflator?”

In Brief: Wildlife Crimes

In Brief: Wildlife Crimes Section 2(37) of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, defines ‘wildlife’ to include any animal, aquatic or land vegetation which forms part of any habitat. Wildlife crime can be defined as taking, possession, trade or movement, processing, consumption of wild animals and plants or their derivatives in contravention of any international, regional, or nationalContinue reading “In Brief: Wildlife Crimes”

Headline : BASICS: Understanding inflation

Headline : BASICS: Understanding inflation Details : Why in News? India’s headline inflation measured by the Wholesale Price Index (WPI) rose 5.77% on a year-on-year basis to a 54-month high in June 2018.   Basic information: What is inflation? Inflation is defined as a sustained increase in the general level of prices for goods and servicesContinue reading “Headline : BASICS: Understanding inflation”

Gangetic Dolphin protection

  Measures Proposed for Gangetic Dolphin protection: The Ministry of Shipping has proposed mitigation measures based on Comprehensive Environmental and Social lmpact Assessment (ESIA) study on National Waterway-I including on stretches falling within VGDS. Vessel speed would be restricted to 2.7 knots in Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary (VGDS) area to reduce the noise generation from propeller.Continue reading “Gangetic Dolphin protection”