How India and Australia have elevated their ties Editorial 7th Jun’20 HindustanTimes

India-Australia Comprehensive Strategic Partnership:

  • India and Australia agreed on Comprehensive Strategic Partnership at Virtual Leaders’ Summit between Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and Scott Morrison.
  • The increased cooperation between the two countries and the trust and confidence made it possible to take the partnership to the next level.
  • The new next level partnership reflects a historic high point in the relationship between the two countries.
  • The elements include defence and maritime security, cyber-security and technology, science and research and critical supply chains.

Reflects shared goals:

  • India and Australia are natural partners, well positioned to build a more secure and prosperous future for own peoples, the Indo-Pacific and the wider world.
  • The outcomes from the Virtual Leaders’ Summit reflect our shared goals of
    • A more open, prosperous and inclusive Indo-Pacific
    • A world of stronger institutions equipped to support the interests of all states, economic growth and human development 

Agreements covering a wide range of areas

  • In the Virtual Summit, the PMs announced agreements covering a wide range of areas key for peace and prosperity:
  • Defence and maritime security
  • Cyber and critical technology
  • Critical minerals
  • Education, Water, Public administration and governance etc.

Defence and maritime security:

  • The two are making great progress on defence and maritime security.
  • During the Virtual Summit, Australia and India finalised:
    • Mutual Logistics Support Arrangement
    • Defence Science and Technology Implementing Arrangement
    • Joint Declaration on a Shared Vision for Maritime Cooperation in the Indo-Pacific 
  • Defence activities between the two have grown since 2014 and these agreements are stepping stones to more complex engagements promoting our shared strategic goals for the region.

Cyber and critical technology:

  • The Framework Arrangement on Cyber Cooperation and Cyber-enabled Critical Technologies was finalised.
  • Innovators of the two nations are already working well together to develop new products and services to make Australians and Indians more prosperous and safe.
  • Cooperation on science and research was boosted, including each committing $3 million towards a dedicated round of the Australia-India Strategic Research Fund seeking solutions to the many challenges of Covid-19.

Critical minerals:

  • The leaders’ agreement on critical minerals is an example of growing trade and investment ties.
  • There is potential for joint investment and development of supply chains for critical minerals, which can support “Make in India” in new and emerging technologies.
  • Australia can supply India with seven of the 12 critical minerals key to future industries, including antimony, cobalt, lithium and rare earth elements.

The 4 Ds bringing India and Australia together

  • With the Comprehensive Strategic Partnership, India and Australia have built a durable, future-looking relationship.
  • It reflects the irreversible forces bringing India and Australia together.
  • The four “Ds” are propelling us into a future-looking relationship.
  • Democracy:
    • Democracy reflects shared democratic values of the two.
    • The world, and the region, is better served by democracies working together to build a more inclusive, open and pro-development international system.
  • Defence:
    • Defence reflects a shared commitment to a more peaceful and secure Indo-Pacific.
    • This is underpinned by the rights to sovereignty for all states and international law.
  • Diaspora:
    • As President Ram Nath Kovind said during his 2018 visit to Australia, India sees its diaspora as a “living bridge” between our countries.
    • Even Australia values its migrants as being central to its success and prosperity.
    • Australia’s growing Indian diaspora — and Australia and India’s businesses, students and researchers — are the living bridge bringing our countries together.
  • Dosti:
    • Another important aspect is Dosti — what Australia calls mateship; a genuine friendship and understanding between Australia and India, and our people.
    • The dosti between Australia and India is symbolised by the close personal connection between the PMs.

Conclusion:

  • Today we are facing an increasingly contested and complex Covid-19 world.
  • Through Democracy, defence, diaspora and dosti, Australia and India have built a partnership well suited to the challenges and opportunities of this new world. 
  • In such time, partnerships between democracies such as India and Australia, geared for the common good of the global community, are ever more important.

Importance:

GS Paper II: International RelationsClick to View More

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