About: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958

About: Archaeological Survey of India (ASI)

  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI), under the Ministry of Culture, is the premier organization for the archaeological researches and protection of the cultural heritage of the nation.
  • Maintenance of ancient monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance is the prime concern of the ASI.
  • It regulates all archaeological activities in the country as per the provisions of the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958.

About: Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958

  • The Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Sites and Remains Act, 1958 (AMASR Act) is an act of parliament, that provides for the preservation of ancient and historical monuments and archaeological sites and remains of national importance.
  • The Archaeological Survey of India functions under the provisions of this act.
  • The Act defines an ‘Ancient Monument’ as any structure, monument, tumulus (ancient burial), cave, rock-sculpture, inscription or monolith which is of historical, archaeological or artistic interest and which has been in existence for not less than 100 years.
  • As per the rules of the Act, the area in the vicinity of the monument, within 100 metres is prohibited area.
  • Further, the area within 200 meters of the monument is regulated category and any repair or modifications of buildings in this area requires prior permission.

Monument of National importance:

  • A “Monument of National Importance” is designated by the Archaeological Survey of India and includes the following:
    • The remains of an ancient monument.
    • The site of an ancient monument.
    • The land on which there are fences or protective covering structures for preserving the monument.
    • Land by means of which people can freely access the monument.

Protection of monuments:

  • At the central level, nationally protected monuments fall under the jurisdiction of the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI).
  • The Directorate of State Archaeology and Museumslooks after state-protected monuments. Besides heritage conservation, the directorates conduct excavation and exploration within the state, and they organise exhibitions, workshops and seminars.
  • In addition, many cities put in their own effort towards protecting urban heritage by declaring a City List of such heritage items that are of local significance and are administered by the local government.

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