Gond tribe

Gond tribe

  • They are the tribal community mostly found in the Gond forests of the central India.
  • They are widely spread in the states of Madhya Pradesh, Chattisgarh,  Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh and Orissa.
  • The name by which the Gonds call themselves is Koi or Koitur which means unclear.
  • Gonds are one of the largest tribal groups in the world.

 

History

  • They settled in the Gondwana region from ninth to thirteenth century AD.
  • In the fourteen century, they ruled several parts of the central India.
  • They had built number of forts, palaces, temples, tanks and lakes during the rule of the Gonds dynasty.
  • Gonds have been the warriors since the British period.
  • During the British regime in India, Gonds challenged the Britishers in several battles.

 

Language

  • They speak Gondi and Indo-Aryan languages
  • The Gondi language belongs to the Dravidian family of languages and is related to Tamil and Kannada.

 

Religion

  • They have been largely influenced by the Hindus.
  • For the long time they have been practicing the Hindu culture and traditions.

 

Festivals

  • Their fairs and festivals are influenced from the Hindu traditions.
  • Keslapur Jathra is an important festival of the Gonds.
  • Madai is another major festival celebrated among the Gonds.
  • They also celebrate Hindu festival called Dusshera.

 

Dance

  • Gusadi dance is the most famous dance performed by them.
  • It is performed by wearing head gears decorated with the peacock feathers.
  • They wear cotton cloth around their waist.
  • They smear ash all over their body and the beards made of animal hair is also an important part of the dance costumes.
Section : History & Culture

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