Headline : What does the falling rupee mean for you and economy?

Headline : What does the falling rupee mean for you and economy?

Details :

Context

  • Since the beginning of 2018 rupee has fallen by about 6 per cent in value against the US dollar hovering past ₹70 to a dollar.

 

What is meant by Depreciation of Rupee?

  • Rupee is said have depreciated if we end up paying ‘more’ rupee to get the same amount of dollars.
  • This happens in situations where the demand for US dollar increases in India and as a result we pay ‘more’ rupee to get the same amount of ‘dollars’

 

Reasons behind rupee depreciating

Rising crude prices in global markets:

  • As a result of re-imposition of sanctions on Iran by USA, the oil supply has taken a hit increasing the oil prices.
  • US oil rose above $70 a barrel for the first time since November 2014.
  • Since India imports nearly 80 per cent of its oil, the rupee has depreciated.

Strengthening dollar:

Strengthening of US economy as a result of protectionist measures has pulled back money from emerging markets.

 

Impact of depreciation:

Impact on Trade:

  • As a result of paying ‘more’ rupee to same amount of dollars, we end up paying more for our imports- Imports are costlier.
  • On the other hand, we end up getting ‘more’ rupee for same amount of dollars when we export something- Exports get cheaper.

Impact on CAD:

  • A currency of an economy weakens when it owes more money in foreign exchange than what it earns. This is called the current account deficit.
  • As a result of high import bills, we are witnessing high trade deficit and thus high CAD.
  • India’s current account deficit rose to 1.9 per cent in the quarter to March 2018. It was 0.6 per cent in the same period last year.

 

Impact on Inflation

  • India imports nearly 80 per cent of the crude oil requirements.
  • As a result of high import bills on account of crude oil imports, we end up pay more for fuel domestically.
  • Paying more for fuel implies high fuel cost, transportation cost etc.
  • This drives high inflation throughout the economy.

 

Impact on GDP growth

  • There is no correlation between GDP growth and depreciating currency.
  • Depreciating rupee affects GDP in two ways:
    • Costlier inputs because of high inflation and the subsequent increase in the prices of finished goods should have a positive impact on GDP.
    • However costlier outputs mean decrease in demand has a negative impact on GDP.

 

Impact on individuals

  • Higher prices of goods and services.
  • Costlier petrol and other fuel.
  • High cost of education, health abroad and outbound tourism.
  • Export-oriented industries may also create more jobs.

 

Section : Economics

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