In Focus: E-Courts in India

In Focus: E-Courts in India

  • The Indian judiciary comprises of nearly 15,000 courts situated in approximately 2,500 court complexes throughout the country.
  • The e-Courts project was conceptualized on the basis of the “National Policy and Action Plan for Implementation of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in the Indian Judiciary – 2005”submitted by e-Committee, Supreme Court of India with a vision to transform the Indian Judiciary by ICT enablement of Courts.

Features of the E-Courts Project:

  • The e-courts project is about creating an ICT enabled ecosystem, to enable courts to make justice delivery system affordable and cost-effective.
  • In an e-court, the entire work is executed digitally, wherein, the information that is shared and generated is stored as a database and synched to a particular software.
  • This software can be accessed by litigants, judges and advocates.

Advantages of the Project:

  • The primary intention of e-courts is to make the justice delivery system affordable, transparent, speedy and accountable by limiting the paper filings.
  • This would be beneficial for both improving the court processes and rendering citizen-centric services.
  • E-courts are aimed to make legal processes easier and more user friendly.

E-Courts Mission Mode Project (MMP):

  • The e-Courts Mission Mode Project, is a Pan-India Project, monitored and funded by Department of Justice, Ministry of Law and Justice, Government of India for the District Courts (and also subordinate courts eventually) across the country.
  • The MMP aims to develop, deliver, install, and implement automated decision-making and decision-support systems in 700 courts across Delhi, Bombay, Kolkata and Chennai; 900 courts across 29 State/ Union Territory capitals; and 13,000 district and subordinate courts across the Nation.
  • Objectives of the Project:
  • To develop, install & implement decision support systems in courts.
  • To assist judicial administration in reducing the pendency of cases.
  • To help judicial administration in streamlining their day-to-day activities.
  • To provide judges with easy access to legal and judicial databases.
  • Advantages of the Project:
  • Citizen-centric services- E-courts are a step to provide efficient & time-bound citizen centric services delivery as detailed in e-Court Project Litigant’s Charter.
  • Increased transparency- Automation of the processes can ensure transparency in accessibility of information to its stakeholders.
  • Enhanced judicial productivity- The project will increase judicial productivity both qualitatively & quantitatively, to make the justice delivery system affordable, accessible, cost effective, predictable, reliable and transparent.