About: Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

About: Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY)

  • It is the flagship scheme for skill training of youth being implemented by the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) through the National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC).
  • The objective of the scheme is to enable a large number of Indian youth to take up industry relevant skill training that will help them in securing a better livelihood.
  • Skill training would be done based on the National Skill Qualification Framework (NSQF) and industry led standards.

PMKVY 1.0:

  • PMKVY 1.0 was launched in July 2015 with the objective of encouraging skill development for youth by providing monetary rewards for successful completion of approved training programs during the period 2015-16.
  • The National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC) was the designated implementing agency of this scheme.
  • PMKVY 1.0 was a target-based scheme, and during this pilot phase in 2015-16, about 20 lakh candidates were trained.

PMKVY 2.0:

  • After the successful implementation of pilot PMKVY 1.0 during 2015-16, PMKVY 2.0 (2016-20) was launched.
  • PMKVY 2.0 involved scaling up of the scheme both in terms of Sector and Geography and by greater alignment with other missions of Government of India.
  • It has been instrumental in bolstering the skilling ecosystem.
  • PMKVY 2.0 broadened the skill development with key components being:
    • Short Term Training (STT) at PMKVY Training Centres (TCs)aimed towards the candidates who are either school/college dropouts or unemployed
    • Recognition of Prior Learning (RPL) – Individuals with prior learning experience or skills are assessed and certified under the RPL component of the Scheme. RPL aims to align the competencies of the unregulated workforce of the country to the NSQF
    • Special Projects – This component of PMKVY envisages to encourage trainings in special areas and premises of Government bodies, corporates / industry bodies. These are the projects which mayrequire some deviation from the terms and conditions of Short-Term Training under PMKVY. 
  • The scheme was  implemented through two components:
    • Centrally Sponsored Centrally Managed (CSCM):
      • This component is implemented by National Skill Development Corporation.
      • 75% of the PMKVY 2016-20 funds and corresponding physical targets have been allocated under CSCM.
    • Centrally Sponsored State Managed (CSSM):
      • This component is implemented by State Governments through State Skill Development Missions (SSDMs).
      • 25% of the PMKVY 2016-20 funds and corresponding physical targets have been allocated under CSSM.

Other aspects:

  • Kaushal and Rozgar Melas:
    • Social and community mobilisation is extremely critical for the success of PMKVY.
    • In line with this, PMKVY assigns special importance to the involvement of the target beneficiaries through a defined mobilisation process. TPs shall conduct Kaushal and Rozgar Melas every six months with press/media coverage, they are also required to participate actively in National Career Service Melas and on-ground activities.
  • Placement Guidelines:
    • PMKVY envisages to link the aptitude, aspiration, and knowledge of the skilled workforce it creates with employment opportunities and demands in the market.
    • Every effort thereby needs to be made by the PMKVY TCs to provide placement opportunities to candidates.
  • Monitoring Guidelines:
    • To ensure that high standards of quality are maintained by PMKVY, TCs, NSDC and empanelled inspection agencies shall use various methodologies, such as self-audit reporting, call validations, surprise visits, and monitoring through the Skills Development Management System (SDMS).

News Summary:

  • In a bid to empower India’s youth with employable skills, the Ministry of Skill Development and Entrepreneurship (MSDE) has launched the third phase of Pradhan Mantri Kaushal Vikas Yojana (PMKVY) or PMKVY 3.0.
  • Aimed at supporting the local economy and towards ‘Atmnanirbhar Bharat’, PMKVY 3.0 has been designed to keep pace with changing demands, both at the global and local levels.
  • PMKVY 3.0  was launched in 717 districts in 28 States/eight UTs, making more than 300 skill courses available to the youth, making skill development more demand-driven and decentralised in its approach.

Decentralized approach:

  • PMKVY 3.0 will be implemented in a more decentralized structure with greater responsibilities and support from States/UTs and Districts.
  • District Skill Committees (DSCs), under the guidance of State Skill Development Missions (SSDM), shall play a key role in addressing the skill gap and assessing demand at the district level. 
  • PMKVY 3.0 is a step towards achieving the ‘Vocal for Local’ vision by establishing increased connect at state, district and block level.
  • It will encourage healthy competition between states by making available increased allocation to those states that perform better.


  • The government says that PMKVY 3.0 will usher in a new paradigm with focus on demand-driven skill development, digital technology and Industry 4.0 skills.
  • The new scheme will be more trainee- and learner-centric addressing the ambitions of aspirational Bharat.
  • The scheme will have additional courses that will help cater to local demand.
  • The focus will also be on bridging the demand-supply gap by promoting skill development in areas of new-age and Industry 4.0 job roles.
  • PMKVY 3.0 role will be a propagator of vocational education at an early level for youth to capitalize on industry-linked opportunities.