About: Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

About: Central Vigilance Commission (CVC)

  • The Central Vigilance Commission was setup by a Government Resolution in 1964, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.
  • The Commission was given the status of independent statutory authority through the Central Vigilance Commission Act, 2003.
  • As the apex integrity institution, the Commission is mandated to fight corruption and to ensure integrity in public administration.
  • It has the status of an autonomous body, free of control from any executive authority, charged with monitoring all vigilance activity under the Central Government.


  • To promote integrity in the governance processes by:
    • Creation of a credible deterrence against corruption through enforcement of anti-corruption laws and regulations.
    • Undertaking effective preventive measures to minimize the scope of corruption.
    • Raising public awareness to inculcate ethical values and reduce society’s tolerance towards corruption.

Members of CVC:

  • The CVC is headed by a Central Vigilance Commissioner, who is assisted by two Vigilance Commissioners.
  • They are appointed by the President, on the recommendation of a three member committee.
  • The three-member committee consists of the Prime Minister as its head, The Union Minister of Home Affairs and the Leader of the Opposition in the Lok Sabha.
  • After their tenure, they are not eligible for further appointment under the Central or State government.

Functions of CVC:

  • To inquire or cause an investigation to be made on a reference by the Central Government. The CVC has the powers of a Civil court while conducting any inquiry.
  • Advice the Central Government and its organizations on matters referred to it by them.
  • Exercise superintendence over the vigilance administrations of the various Central Government Ministries, Departments and Organizations of the Central Government.
  • Exercise superintendence over the functioning of the Delhi Special Police Establishment (Central Bureau of Investigation) related to:
    • The investigation of offences under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988.
    • An offence under the Code of Criminal Procedure for certain categories of public servants.

  • Review the progress of investigations conducted by the DSPE.

Jurisdiction of CVC:

  • Members of All India Service serving in connection with the affairs of the Union and Group A officers of the Central Government.
  • Officers of the rank of Scale V and above in the Public Sector Banks.
  • Officers in Grade D and above in Reserve Bank of India, NABARD and SIDBI.
  • Chief Executives and Executives on the Board and other officers in Schedule ‘A’, ‘B’, ‘C’ and ‘D’ Public Sector Undertakings.
  • Managers and above in General Insurance Companies.
  • Senior Divisional Managers and above in Life Insurance Corporations.

 Polity & Governance