Peace Agent in the Security Council Editorial 28th Jul’21 TimesOfIndia

Peace Agent in the Security Council Editorial 28th Jul’21 TimesOfIndia

India at UNSC at a critical time:

  • On January 1, 2021, India once again returned to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) as non-permanent member for two years.
  • Its entry couldn’t have happened at a more critical time.

India’s valuable contributions at UNSC

  • Conflicts have only increased during the pandemic, putting considerable pressure on UN resources.
  • This has come at the time when the Council is deeply divided on major issues on its agenda.
  • Against this tense backdrop India has made several valuable contributions and it will assume UNSC’s rotating presidency in August.

Helping the Afghan peace process:

  • India, with its size and its independent foreign policy, has provided much-needed balance in the Council, specially in relation to the teeming fissures within the P-5 or the five permanent members.
  • India presented clear views, and helped ensure that the polarisation of the Council doesn’t affect its ability to take a well-considered view.
  • India’s position as the chair of the crucial Taliban Sanctions Committee will continue to be a factor in giving direction to the Afghan peace process and preserving the gains of the last two decades, especially with respect to women and minority rights.

Saving Africa from sanctions:

  • On Africa, which dominates the agenda of the Council, India’s views have been sensitive to local priorities and needs.
  • India showed determination to ensure that the countries under sanctions get help to come out of them rather than be burdened with unrealistic benchmarks.
  • India’s chairing of the Libya Sanctions Committee has come at a time when there is an active peace process being pursued.

Latest from the Blog

Subverting civil society is new frontier of war: Doval

Subverting civil society is new frontier of war: Doval In News: India’s National Security Advisor (NSA) Ajit Doval pointed out that the new frontiers of war is about the subverting civil society. He was addressing the IPS trainees at the SVP National Police Academy in Hyderabad. He termed civil society as a fourth generation of warfare.

About: Zonal Councils

About: Zonal Councils: The idea of creation of Zonal Councils was mooted by the first Prime Minister of India, Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru in 1956. Subsequently, through States Reorganization Act of 1956, Zonal Councils were established as statutory bodies. Objective: To promote cooperation and coordinationbetween states, union territories and the Centre. The Act divided the country

Discuss the key reasons for continuous ceasefire violations at the line of control between India and Pakistan.

Model Answer Answer: The India–Pakistan border in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) has witnessed repeated ceasefire violations (CFVs) over the past decade. With degrading bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, CFVs have gone up exponentially. These CFVs have the potential not only to begin a crisis but also to escalate an ongoing one. Reasons behind the

The COVID-19 pandemic has raised questions about WHO’s authority to challenge states during serious outbreaks. In light of this statement, critically discuss the role of WHO as a global health leader. 

Model Answer WHO is a specialized agency of UN responsible for international public health. The objective of the Organization is to ensure the attainment by all peoples of the highest possible level of health. However, the COVID-19 pandemic and the controversies associated with it have raised questions about the credibility of WHO as a global

Balanced position on middle-east:

  • In the Middle-East, India leveraged its strong and historical links to convey views on Palestine, Yemen, Syria, Lebanon and Iraq.
  • When tensions rose in Gaza, India took a well-considered and principled stand.
  • On Syria, India stood firmly for humanitarian assistance throughout the country without discrimination, politicisation or any preconditions.

Maritime matters:

  • India will take over the UNSC’s rotating presidency in August, 2021.
  • For the presidency, India has, in keeping with our priorities, identified three main themes:
    • Maritime security
    • Technology
    • Peacekeeping and counter-terrorism

  • A comprehensive approach to maritime security is essential to safeguarding common prosperity as it protects legitimate activities and counters threats within the maritime domain.
  • This encapsulates the PM’s vision of SAGAR – Security and Growth for All in the Region.

Protecting the protectors:

  • India has upgraded its peacekeeping hospitals in Congo and South Sudan to combat Covid.
  • Further, India has supplied vaccines to all peacekeepers.
  • India also pledged helicopter units for peacekeeping in Mali and the Sahel region.
  • India will be sponsoring and collaborating actively with the UN to roll out UNITE AWARE technology software, initially in four UN peacekeeping missions.
    • This would involve using modern technology to help the missions maintain situational awareness, carry out their mandates, and protect themselves. 

Fighting terrorism:

  • India has consistently flagged the issue of terrorism both inside the Council and outside.
  • In fact, India has been at the forefront to conclude the Global Counter-Terrorism Strategy adopted by the UN General Assembly recently.
  • India has consistently stood against any attempt to dilute the fight against terrorism and have helped in exposing those who aid, support and finance terrorists.
  • Terrorism in India’s neighbourhood and beyond is of particular concern given the increasing use of AI, drones, blockchain technology, and online financing by terrorists.
  • India will continue to play an important international role in counter-terrorism, and even more so as it assumes the chair of the Counter-Terrorism Committee in January 2022.

Development cooperation:

  • India’s cooperation with small states, especially during Covid, has been robust under the India-UN Development Partnership Fund.
  • UNDP has acknowledged the human-centric initiatives of India, including India’s concept of aspirational districts, as global models.
  • India’s contribution to women-related issues has been substantial and India was recently elected to the prestigious UN Commission on the Status of Women.

Climate action:

  • On climate action, there is acknowledgement of India’s strides in renewable energy, its ambitious climate goals for 2030, and its leadership of the International Solar Alliance.


  • India will assume the UN Security Council presidency in August, with the confidence that its stint in the Council is making a difference to the way the UN and member states are viewing India and the world.

Importance:GS Paper II: International Relations Editorial Analysis

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s