Category Archives: Defence & Security

Significance of militants’ surrender in Assam and history of Karbi insurgency.

Q. What is the news? Recently 1,040 militants of five militant groups of Karbi Anglong district ceremonially laid down arms at an event in Guwahati in the presence of Chief Minister Sarbananda Sonowal, a development which further bolsters the ‘terrorism-free Assam’ image of the current BJP-led government. Among the surrendered militants is Ingti Kathar Songbijit, a primary accused in multiple cases

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Q. Space militarisation has become a new buzzword. How is it different from weaponisation of space? Discuss about the recent race in occupying the space ecosystem and how detrimental is it for human survival?

Model Answer Space militarisation refers to the ecosystem of space systems that are utilised to achieve military objectives. It involves strategic planning, surveillance and telecommunication and reconnaissance as well as real time combat through placement and development of military technology in outer space. While, space weaponisation on the other hand refers to more aggressive and offensive use of space systems for military purposes

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Q. India’s quest to land its first spacecraft on the moon got off to a smooth start with the successful launch of Chandrayaan-2 mission aboard the country’s most powerful rocket – GSLV Mk-III. In light of this statement, discuss the significance of this mission.

Model Answer Chandrayaan-2 is India’s most challenging, totally indigenous, and India’s second mission to Moon. It is advanced version of previous Chandrayaan-1 mission (launched in 2008) which only involved orbiting around moon, Chandrayaan-2 is much complicated mission as it involves an orbiter, lander and rover. After reaching the 100 km lunar orbit, the Lander housing the Rover was to separate

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About: Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS), Advanced features of ATAGS:

Army to test indigenous artillery system with 48-km strike range In News: The Army will soon begin testing an indigenously-developed artillery system (ATAGS) with 48-km strike range. About: Advanced Towed Artillery Gun System (ATAGS) Built by DRDO and partners, India’s ATAGS is a 155 mm/52 calibre towed howitzer artillery gun. Artillery is a class of heavy military ranged weapons (like modern day

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Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Lakhvi, Dawood Ibrahim declared terrorists under new anti-terror law

Headline : Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Lakhvi, Dawood Ibrahim declared terrorists under new anti-terror law Details : The News: India has declared Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) chief Hafiz Saeed, Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief Masood Azhar, LeT’s supreme commander of operations in Kashmir Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi and fugitive underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, all based in Pakistan, as terrorists under the amended Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. Earlier, only

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In Focus: Indian military honours

In Focus: Indian military honours About: Gallantry Awards In 1950, India India constituted its own Gallantry awards when it turned a Republic. Galantary Awards (war) and Galantary Awards (Peace) are given. Galantary Awards (war): These awards are granted for gallantry on the battlefield. Param Vir Chakra: The Param Vir Chakra is the highest gallantry award given to the Indian Armed Forces.

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Why the attack in Gadchiroli is significant?

Headline : Why the attack in Gadchiroli is significant? Details : The News The Maoist attack in Maharashtra’s Gadchiroli district led to the death of 15 Police personnel.   Background This attack in Gadchiroli is another significant event in the long history of Maoist violencein Gadchiroli, where the naxal movement began in 1980. This district has been the hot-bed of naxal

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Indian Army gets first batch of Dhanush artillery guns

Headline : Indian Army gets first batch of Dhanush artillery guns  Details :  The News In a major boost to its fire power, the indigenously produced long-range artillery gun, Dhanush was inducted into the Indian Army.   In focus: Dhanush Introduction Dhanush is the first indigenously produced long-range artillery gun. It has been developed by the Ordnance Factory Board and manufactured

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Everything about Mission Shakti

Headline : Successful anti-satellite missile test puts India in elite club Details : In News India successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test, named Mission Shakti, becoming the fourth country in the world to demonstrate the capability to shoot down satellites in orbit. News Summary Under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satellite in the low earth orbit

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Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and long and porous borders with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective management of India-Bangladesh border. (15 marks)

Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and long and porous borders with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective management of India-Bangladesh border. (15 marks) Approach Introduce with the India-Bangladesh border Enumerate various issues along the border List steps taken by Government to address them – make sure to highlight the recent CIBMS and BOLD-QIT

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Dozen insurgent camps ‘smashed’ along India-Myanmar border in joint military operation

The News Recently, the armies of India and Myanmar conducted a “coordinated operation” against insurgents in Myanmar territory to avert a possible threat to the Kaladan multi-modal transit transport project.   Kaladan multi-model transit transport project India entered into a framework agreement with Myanmar in April 2008 to facilitate implementation of the project. Objective: To create a multi-modal sea, river and road

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ISRO collaborates to build alternative to Google Maps

ISRO collaborates to build alternative to Google Maps Q. What is the news? A. The ISRO has joined hands with MapmyIndia to combine their geospatial expertise and build holistic solutions by leveraging their geoportals. Q. What is the Project? It combines the power of MapmyIndia’s digital maps and technologies with ISRO’s catalogue of satellite imagery and earth observation data. Indian users

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Steps to Tackle Maoism

Proactive policing Security forces are no longer reactive. Example of Gariaband region in Chhattisgarh: When the Maoists decided to deepen their roots into Gariaband, the State government notified this division as a new district (in 2012). This gave a fillip to development work. Many new police stations and security camps were set up to prevent any major Maoist attack. The cadre

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Everything about Mi8 Helicopter

• Indian Air Force is phasing out the Mi-8 helicopters. • Mi-8 helicopter has been used in numerous operations, missions, expeditions and movements conducted by IAF. • Most of the Indian Air Force Officials have called the helicopter ‘iconic’. Mi-8 helicopters • They are a utility and medium sized assault helicopter. Induction in IAF • In 1972, they were inducted

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Everything about Aerial Refueling

Air to air refuelling It is also known as Aerial refuelling, air refuelling, in-flight refuelling and tanking. It is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft to another during flight. During air-to-air refuelling, both aircraft must maintain accurate flying parameters. The two main refuelling systems are: Probe-and-drogue: It requires exceptional flying skills as the receiving aircraft has to

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Question on Growth of Naxalism

“Being the centers of concentration of the industrial proletariat, urban areas play an important part within the political strategy of the new Democratic Revolution”. Examine this statement in the light of rising Maoist activity in the urban areas and why is it essential to keep a close watch on Maoist activities in towns and cities? Approach:  Introduce the first

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TRAPPIST-1:

TRAPPIST-1: It is an ultra-cool dwarf star about 40 light years away, located in the constellation Aquarius. It is named after the telescope that discovered this system – TRAPPIST (Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescop) in Chile. The planets have sizes and masses comparable to the Earth and Venus. It is an ultra-cool star (unlike our sun). Therefore, liquid water

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Dhruv:

Dhruv: Dhruv has been indigenously designed and developed by the HAL, and is powered by the Shakti engine jointly developed with Turbomeca of France. It is a twin engine, multi-role, multi-mission new generation helicopter. It is superior to the other helicopters used by the Army such as Cheetah and Chetak, both of which have single engine. It has been exported

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About the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):

The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty came into force in 1970, following widespread international concern about the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation and the spiraling nuclear weapon stocks of those states that had developed them. The NPT is a multilateral treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons including three elements: (1) non-proliferation, (2) disarmament, and (3) peaceful use of nuclear

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Military Exercises

Military Exercises Mitra Sakthi Slinex India – Sri Lanka Joint Military Exercise. India – Sri Lanka Naval exercise Sampriti India – Bangladesh Yudh Abhyas India – USA joint military training exercise Hand in Hand India – China military exercise Konkan Indian Navy and the Royal Navy maritime exercise Ekuverin India – Maldives Al Nagah India – Oman army to army

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Internal Security of India

Internal security is the security of country within its borders. Maintenance of peace and law and order. Upholding sovereignty of country within its borders. Responsibility of Police and state government and Ministry of Home affairs. External Security is security against aggression by a foreign country. Responsibility of armed forces and Ministry of Defense . Four Kinds of threats to any state as

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