Category Archives: Essay

Right against Exploitation 

Right against Exploitation Art 23: Forced labor/ Traffic  No forced labor – slavery – servitude No trafficking State can force for public interest conscription punishable Art 24: Child labor  Punishable < 14 – no hazardous and non hazardous regulated by state The government had brought a new law to govern child labour, known as the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation)

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Everything about Cyberwar?

What is Cyberwar? Cyberwar is a form of war which takes places on computers and the Internet, through electronic means rather than physical ones. With an increasing global reliance on technology for everything from managing national electrical grids to ordering supplies for troops, cyberwar is a method of attack which many nations are vulnerable to. In cyberwar, people use technological

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What is Seagrasses? 

Seagrasses are flowering plants that form dense underwater beds in shallow water. Distinct from seaweed, the plants provide shelter and food for a large range of animals, including fish, marine mammals and birds. Many seagrass meadows have been lost because of human activities, say researchers. Seagrasses are also knows as “lungs of the sea” Seagrass, which is found in shallow waters

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Neutrino and Indian Neutrino Observatory

Neutrino Very similar to electrons Second most abundant particles after photon Don’t carry any charge Are not massless Neutrinos are miniscule particles created in nuclear reactions, such as in the birth and death of sun and the stars, or in nuclear power plants. Neutrinos interact with matter via the weak force. The weakness of this force gives neutrinos the property

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Bitcoin

Bitcoin is a digital currency that is not supported by any country’s government or central bank. It can be traded for services or goods with sellers who accept bitcoins as payment. Bitcoin was first  introduced in October 2008. It was invented by an unidentified programmer, or group of programmers, under the name of Satoshi Nakamoto. The system is peer-to-peer (person to person using

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GM mosquitoes

To suppress wild female Aedes aegypti mosquito populations that cause dengue, chikungunya and Zika were launched in Maharashtra’s Jalna district. The technology uses genetically modified male Aedes aegypti mosquitoes that carry a dominant lethal gene. When male GM mosquitoes mate with wild female mosquitoes the lethal gene is passed on to offspring. The lethal gene in the offspring kills the larvae before they reach adulthood.

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PM National Relief Fund (PMNRF)

The fund consists entirely of public contributions and does not get any budgetary support. The corpus of the fund is invested with banks in fixed deposits. Disbursements are made with the approval of the Prime Minister. PMNRF has not been constituted by the Parliament. The fund is recognized as a Trust under the Income Tax Act and the same is managed

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Biodiversity hotspots

Biodiversity hotspots? Biodiversity hotspots are a method to identify those regions of the world where attention is needed to address biodiversity loss and to guide investments in conservation. The idea was first developed by Norman Myers in 1988 to identify tropical forest ‘hotspots’ characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and serious habitat loss, which he then expanded to

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Ramsar Convention on Wetlands

Ramsar Convention on Wetlands India is a signatory to Ramsar convention Intergovernmental treaty Conservation and wise use of wetlands and its resources Adopted in the Iranian city of Ramsar Transboundary Ramsar Sites Changwon declaration – ensuring human well being Montreax Records Loktak Lake, Manipur (largest fresh water lake in NE) – Loktak Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Northeast

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NATO

Formed in 1949 with the signing of the Washington Treaty, NATO is a security alliance of 28 countries from North America and Europe. NATO’s fundamental goal is to safeguard the Allies’ freedom and security by political and military means. The organization constitutes a system of collective defence whereby its member states agree to mutual defence in response to an attack

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India’s First Coastal Corridor

Vishakhapatnam – Chennai Costal Corridor The Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor section of the East Coast Economic Corridor, connecting four economic hubs and nine industrial clusters, will mark the first industrial corridor developed along India’s coast. The East Coast Economic Corridor will ultimately extend from Kolkata to Tuticorin The Indian government is keen to encourage manufacturing, including through its “Make in India”

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Indian vs American constitution

Indian vs American constitution Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Feature India America Length Longest written Shortest written Constitution type Federal with unitary basis Federal Citizen ship One (except J&K A 370) One for America, and one for the state Nature of democracy Parliamentary (because of British rule) Presidential Legislature type Flexible with rigid Rigid Number of constitution Only one for the country One

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Central Bureau of Investigation -CBI

Central Bureau of Investigation :- CBI  CBI has grown into a multidisciplinary investigation agency over a period of time. Today it has the following three divisions for investigation of crime: Anti-Corruption Division – for investigation of cases under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988 against Public officials and the employees of Central Government, Public Sector Undertakings, Corporations or Bodies owned

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What is Human embryo?

What is Human embryo? An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism. In general, in organisms that reproduce sexually, an embryo develops from a zygote, the single cell resulting from the fertilization of the female egg cell by the male sperm cell. The zygote possesses half the DNA of each of its two parents.

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What is Crowdfunding

What is Crowdfunding Crowdfunding is asking a crowd of people to donate a defined amount of money for a specific cause or project in exchange for various rewards. It is the practice of pooling in of resources by numerous people, thus the term ‘crowd’, to fund prospective projects. It is an alternative finance system where funds are raised through mediums

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What is Merchant Discount Rate

Merchant Discount Rate or MDR is a charge that merchants pay every time a debit card or credit card is swiped at their end for a transaction by a customer or the rate which banks charge a merchant when the customer uses a card for a transaction This charge, typically 1% of the transaction, is divided among three parties – to the company that

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Indus Treaty

Signed in 1960 by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and then Pakistan President Ayub Khan, the treaty allocates 80% of water from the six-river Indus water system to Pakistan. Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum from the Indus water system that flows from India to Pakistan. The Indus river basin spans parts of 4 countries (Afghanistan, Pakistan, India and

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Veblen goods

A good for which demand increases when its price increases, and vice versa. Luxury goods like diamonds, whose appeal depends on their exorbitant price, are an example. It is named after American economist Thorstein Veblen. Veblen goods are considered exceptions to the law of demand, which states that the demand for a good must decrease as its price increases, and

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Green Bonds

What is a Green Bond? A green bond is a fixed income instrument for the purpose of raising debt capital through markets. certifies that the proceeds will be used exclusively for specific “green” purposes can provide a long-term source of debt capital for renewable infrastructure projects It is a way by which the government provides subsidies for green projects

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Muziris project

Muziris is the largest heritage conservation project in India and is a Kerala government’s initiative involving renovation of ancient places of worship, old markets, forts and the construction of museums. The ancient world’s greatest trading centre in the East, this legendary seaport traded in everything from spices to precious stones with the Greeks, Romans and the rest of the world.

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​Why India faces huge corruption?

​Why India faces huge corruption? • Colonial Legacy of unchallenged authority and abritary use of power • Asymmetry of power. Reduces societal pressure to conform to ethical behavior  • Conscious choice of our economic policies which put citizen at the mercy of state – Monopoly – Corruption.  • Over Centralization – Power is exercised more remotely – increasing the distance

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Citizenship (Art.5 -11)

​CITIZENSHIP:  Acquisition of Citizenship:  By descent : Present : registration in embassy.  By registration : 1+ 6/8 By Naturalization  : 1 + 11/14 By Incorporation of new territory.  By Birth : 1993 : Atleast one parent, present : both father and mother. Children of foreign diplomats and enemy alien – no citizenship by birth  Termination :  By Deprivation : Govt

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Democracy and Policy Quotes

Democracy should comprise of three ‘D’s of debate, dissent and decision, not the fourth ‘D’ of ‘disruption’.  If you try to design something that’s idiot-proof, the universe will design a better idiot Democracy substitutes election by the incompetent many for appointment by the corrupt few. Democracy is beautiful in theory; in practice it is a fallacy. You in America will

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