Category Archives: Governance

Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?

Headline : Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them? Details : In News: The recently published final list of people in updated National Register of Citizen (NRC) has stripped nearly 19 lakh people in the north-eastern state of Assam of their citizenship. About: NRC The NRC for a state is the list of Indian

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India and Global Innovation Index

Headline : India rises in global innovation ranking Details : The News India has jumped five places to rank 52 in the Global Innovation Index 2019 (GII). The GII is a global benchmark that helps policy makers better understand how to stimulate and measure innovative activity, a main driver of economic and social development.   News Summary: The latest Global Innovation index rankings

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SC reserves verdict on changes to SC/ST law

Headline : SC reserves verdict on changes to SC/ST law Details : The News Recently, the Supreme Court has reserved its judgment on a batch of petitions challenging the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act of 2018.   The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 Objective: to prevent atrocities against scheduled castes and scheduled

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In Brief: Sedition, Defamation, AFSPA laws: Should repeal or amend

Headline : Sedition, Defamation, AFSPA laws that Congress wants to repeal or amend Details : The news A national party has released its manifesto for the 2019 Lok Sabha elections, in which it promised to repeal or amend laws related to Sedition, Defamation and AFSPA, if they come to the power.  General information about the laws related to Sedition, Defamation and

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Ensuring access to justice Editorial 2nd Apr’19 TheHindu

Headline : Ensuring access to justice Editorial 2nd Apr’19 TheHindu Details :  Justice system in India is not accessible to many: The justice system in any democracy is set up, under the Constitution to serve the public, and judges are supposed to act without “fear or favour, affection or ill-will”. However, judges through lack of prescience, and many lawyers through their dishonesty in

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In Brief: Money Bill , Finance Bill , It’s comparison and Authority over Bills

Headline : Finance Bill, 2017 certified as Money Bill by Speaker, court can’t interfere: Centre to SC Details : News Summary A batch of petitions were filed in the Supreme Court challenging that the passing of Finance Act, 2017 as a Money Bill was a “colourable exercise of power and a fraud on the Constitution.” Arguments given by Attorney General of

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Everything about Agricultural Crisis

The main reasons for farm crises are: Slow agriculture growth: Agriculture shrank to just 18 percent of the GDP in 2013-14; and further shrinking is projected given agriculture’s lower growth rate compared to other sectors. The agriculture growth rates have been unsteady in the recent past. 2012-13: 1.5% 2013-14: 5.6% 2014-15: (-) 0.2% 2015-16: 0.7%. The provisional estimate puts it

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Everything about Net Neutrality

Net neutrality • The term was coined by Tim Wu in 2003. • It is the guiding principle that preserves the free and open Internet. • It means that the Internet Service Provider may not discriminate between different kind of content and applications online. • It guarantees a level playing field for all websites and Internet technologies. • In this,

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Everything about Umang App (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance (UMANG)

Umang (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance (UMANG) app: • It is a unified app to serve e-governance through mobile devices. • It is developed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD). • It is to offer services of the central, state, local bodies and various government agencies right on Android and iOS

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Accountability without responsibility is like a bird without wings. Comment. (150 words – 10 marks)

Accountability is necessary for better governance but not sufficient. It has some fundamental limitations which can be overcome only by performing our duties with a sense of responsibility. Such limitations include: i) Difficulties in constantly monitoring the various activities of subordinates. ii) Accountability can consider quantity but not quality. In situations where discretion is involved, accountability is of limited value.

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Discuss the Seven Principles of Public Life given by the Nolan Committee. (150 words – 10 marks)

The Nolan Committee provides 7 Principles which state that holders of public office should: i) Selflessness: act solely in terms of the public interest. They should not do so in order to gain financial or other benefits for themselves, their family or their friends. ii) Integrity: Not place themselves under any financial or other obligation to outside individuals or organisations

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Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK)

Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK) A single non-lapsable corpus fund Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK) will work as a repository for the revenue of the Secondary and Higher Education Cess. It will be inducted to help the education schemes for which demand exceeds budgetary allocations. A non-lapsable reserve fund means that if the amount collected is not utilized

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About the Direct Benefit Transfer

The program aims to transfer subsidies directly to the people through their bank accounts. Crediting subsidies directly into bank accounts help reduce leakages, delays, etc. DBT has now extended to most of the government schemes. DBT has two components: Subsidy: When a government meets a part of the cost of providing a good or service to a beneficiary. Income transfer: When a government

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Smart Cities

what are Smart Cities? A ‘smart city’ is an urban region that is highly advanced in terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications and market viability. It is a city where information technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services to residents. There are many technological platforms involved, including but not limited to automated sensor

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Important Commitees

N.K.Singh committee To review the FRBM Act of 2003 Ratan Watal Committee On digital payments Anil Kakodkar Committee On railway safety A.K.Bhargava Net Neutrality Madhukar Gupta committee India Pakistan Border issue Aravind Subramanian Tackle shortage of pulses in India Bibek Debroy committee Railways and privatization of railways Shekatkar committee Defense Shyam Benegal committee Film certification Shankar Acharya committee To pre

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Universal basic income

Core concept : It was proposed by left liberal political philosopher Philippe van Pari in his book real freedom for all. According to him, basis for universal basic income is the fair distribution of real freedom to pursue the realisation of ones conception of the good life. Core of the concept of basic income is absence of means test(income of

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Global Innovation Index (GII)

The Global Innovation Index (GII) aims to capture the multi-dimensional facets of innovation and provide the tools that can assist in tailoring policies to promote long-term output growth, improved productivity, and job growth. The GII helps to create an environment in which innovation factors are continually evaluated. The Global Innovation Index 2016 (GII), in its 9th edition this year, is

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About Ease of Doing Business Index

Word Bank releases Doing Business reports and it review business regulations and their enforcement across countries. It was introduced in 2004. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm. The rankings are determined by sorting the aggregate distance to frontier scores on 10 topics, each

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Economic Corridors in India

​The corridors include :- Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC) Amritsar-Kolkata Industrial Corridor (AKIC) Bengaluru- Mumbai Economic Corridor (BMEC) Chennai-Bengaluru Industrial Corridor (CBIC) and  Visakhapatnam-Chennai Industrial Corridor (VCIC or the East Coast Economic Corridor) Visakhapatnam-Chennai Coastal Industrial Corridor AKIC covers Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Bihar, Jharkhand and West Bengal, while DMIC spans Uttar Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Maharashtra.

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​Why India faces huge corruption?

​Why India faces huge corruption? • Colonial Legacy of unchallenged authority and abritary use of power • Asymmetry of power. Reduces societal pressure to conform to ethical behavior  • Conscious choice of our economic policies which put citizen at the mercy of state – Monopoly – Corruption.  • Over Centralization – Power is exercised more remotely – increasing the distance

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