Category Archives: gs3

Appointment of CDS will fill a void in India’s defence system Editorial 16th Aug’19 IndianExpress

Headline : Appointment of CDS will fill a void in India’s defence system Editorial 16th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : PM announcing the creation of CDS: One of the most significant announcements made by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Independence Day in 2019 is the creation of a Chief of Defence Staff (CDS). The CDS is expected to be a four-star military

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Technology: Indian space industry, SSLV, NSIL, Antrix, Indian space industry, Commercial Space Industry, ISRO and Private Sector

Headline : ISRO’s new commercial arm gets first booking for launch Details : In News NEWSPACE INDIA Limited (NSIL), the newly created second commercial arm of the Indian Space Research Organisation, recently got its first contract. A private US space services provider, Spaceflight, has booked ISRO’s Small Satellite Launch Vehicle (SSLV), which is yet to be tested, for launching a spacecraft.

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Malaria: About National Framework for Malaria Elimination (NFME), National Vector Borne Disease Control Programme,

Headline : Malaria may get ‘dangerous’ tag, but there’s nothing to worry about Details : In News Malaria may soon be re-categorised as a ‘dangerous disease’ like tuberculosis, plague, small pox or leprosy in the capital. The re-categorisation is taking place not because the disease has acquired an epidemic proportion or a new dangerous strain has been found. The intention is

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While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks)

  Approach: Introduce with increased frequency of forest fires in India Bring out the various gaps in forest fire management (NIDM report identified the gaps) Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India, which saw a 46% increase in the number of forest fires in the last 16 years (2003-17), witnessed a 125% spike (from 15,937 to 35,888) in such fires in

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How will India contribute to LIGO?

Headline : How will India contribute to LIGO? Details : Context: LIGO India project is coming up in Maharashtra, near Aundha in Hingoli district. This article explain about the LIGO projects across the world, their significance and India’s part in the global LIGO project. Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Background In September 2015, LIGO’s US detectors made the first discovery of gravitational waves travelling

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International Organisations and Reports: Annual report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict.

Headline : India protests over UN chief’s report Details : In News: The United Nation has recently released its Annual report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict. India is disappointed with the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres for including in the report situations in India that are neither armed conflicts nor a threat to international security.   About Annual report of

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Everything about Tiger, Tiger Census,Project Tiger, Tiger and Ecosystem

Headline : Tiger no. up 33% in 4 years, India has 75% of global population Details : In News The 4th Tiger census report, Status of Tigers Co-predators & Prey in India, 2018, has been recently released by PM Modi. According to the report, India has recorded its highest ever rise, at 33%, in the numbers of tigers i.e. from 2,226

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SciTech – Current Affairs

Bubble boy syndrome # It is also called severe combined immunodeficiency, it is a rare genetic disorder that results in a defective immune system in baby boys. How is it caused? It results from a genetic defect in the X-Chromosome and therefore called X-linked SCID The defective X-chromosome lacks in the gene that forms the immune system. The absence of

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Why is Maharashtra witnessing another spike in Covid-19 cases?

Why is Maharashtra witnessing another spike in Covid-19 cases? Q. What is the news? With the coronavirus number showing an increasing trend over the last two weeks, Maharashtra has reintroduced some restrictions on the assembly and movement of people. The state government has warned that it could even bring back the lockdown if it was felt necessary. Q. What is the Covid-19 situation in

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Resolving India’s banking crisis Editorial 11th May’19 TheHindu

Headline : Resolving India’s banking crisis Editorial 11th May’19 TheHindu Details :   India’s banking sector problem: Huge increase in Non-performing assets (NPAs): Non-performing assets (NPAs) at commercial banks amounted to Rs 10.3 trillion, or 11.2% of advances, in March 2018. Public sector banks (PSBs) accounted for Rs 8.9 trillion, or 86%, of the total NPAs. The ratio of gross NPA

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Prelims 2019: Purchasing Manager’s Index (PMI) , Central Statistics Office (CSO)

Headline : Industrial output shrinks for first time in nearly 2 yrs Details : The News According to the recent data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO), industrial output contracted (fell 0.1%) in March 2019, the first time in nearly two years. About Central Statistics Office (CSO): The CSO is a governmental agency under the Ministry of Statistics and Programme

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Electrifying India’s transport Editorial 7th May’19 TimesOfIndia

Headline : Electrifying India’s transport Editorial 7th May’19 TimesOfIndia Details : Rapid urbanization and transport problems: India’s urban population will nearly double in the next decade. More than half a billion people will live and work in Indian cities. Travel within and between cities will grow exponentially. This rapid growth poses several social, economic and environmental challenges. Converting this into opportunities:

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Smart farming: Agriculture data can reap a bumper harvest Editorial 25th Apr’19 FinancialExpress

Headline : Smart farming: Agriculture data can reap a bumper harvest Editorial 25th Apr’19 FinancialExpress Details : Dependence on government for agriculture data: Agricultural statistics is not easy to collect and compile, hence the dependence on the government. But this data suffers from the issues of timeliness, reliability and integrity. Yet, since it is only source, there is no option but to use

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In Brief: About National Housing Bank (NHB), About National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD)

News : RBI divests its entire stake in Nabard, NHB News Analysis Reserve Bank has divested its entire stake in National Housing Bank (NHB) and the National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (NABARD), with this the government is now cent percent holder of both these financial institutions. RBI had 100% shareholding in NHB, which was divested for ₹1,450 crore.

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In Brief: PJ Nayak Committee and Banks Board Bureau (BBB)

Headline : BBB tags 75 officers for leadership roles in PSBs Details : The News: The Banks Board Bureau (BBB) has recently identified 75 senior officers for leadership roles in Public Sector Banks (PSBs). The BBB also gave its recommendations in key areas that needed to be strengthened besides improvising governance practices among PSBs.   About Banks Board Bureau (BBB) In

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Pakistan’s economy and IMF’s help

Headline : Either way, the news is bad Editorial 20th Apr’19 TheHindu Pakistan’s economy in free-fall: Pakistan’s economy is in ruins, with almost every indicator deteriorating substantially. Inflation: Inflation, at 9.4%, is at its highest level in five-and-a-half years and is likely to rise to double digits for the months ahead. Currency depreciation: The Pakistani rupee continues to lose value regularly, which adds

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Large banks more efficient, scope for more mergers in the sector: RBI study

Headline : Large banks more efficient, scope for more mergers in the sector: RBI study Details : The News According to a recent study “‘Labour Cost Efficiency of Indian Banks”, conducted by RBI, large banks tended to be more efficient than small banks, suggesting more mergers in future.   Bank Mergers: Important reports In 1991, Narasimham (a former RBI governor) submitted his report

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Everything about UNESCAP’s ‘Ambition beyond Growth’ Report , SDG progress of Asia Pacific, Investment Plan, Policy Interventions to achieve SDG by 2030

Headline : To achieve development goals, Asia-Pacific countries need to spend USD 1.5 tn/yr, says UN report Details : The News UNESCAP’s report ‘ambitions beyond growth’ has projected $1.5trillion as the additional annual cost of meeting the targets set in SDG by 2030 for the countries in the Asia Pacific region.   In focus: UNESCAP’s ‘Ambition beyond Growth’ Report Introduction The

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In Brief :about PSLV-C45, It’s features and Multiple orbit launch

Headline : Explained: What makes PSLV-C45 special Details : In News: ISRO has successfully launched the PSLV-C45 ferrying satellites to multiple orbits in a single launch.   About PSLV-C45 PSLV-C45 mission involved launching of following satellites in 3 different orbits EMISAT – 749 km 28 foreign satellites – 504 km Experimental satellites – 485 km   Unique features of PSLV-C45 The

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Everything about EMISAT: Electronic Intelligence Satellite, PSLV-C45 Mission

Headline : PSLV to launch military’s eye in the sky Details : The News ISRO will launch India’s first electronic intelligence satellite, EMISAT onboard PSLV-C45.   PSLV-C45 Mission PSLV-C45 mission, for the first time, will launch satellites in 3 different orbits EMISAT, electronic intelligence satellite in the low earth orbit, 749 km above the surface of the earth. 28 foreign satellites

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In Brief: Data Localisation, NPCI, Retail Payment and RBI’s Authority

Headline : WhatsApp yet to comply with data localisation norms: RBI Details : The News Recently, the RBI has made the revelations that WhatsApp is not in compliance with RBI’s data localisation norms. This is the first time ever that the Reserve Bank has made any statement about WhatsApp’s payments business and compliance with data localization norms.   Data localisation norm

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Everything about Vultures: Ecological Importance, Declining Population, Threats, IUCN status, Types of Vultures and It’s conservation

Headline : Poisoned cattle carcass kills 37 vultures Details : The news Around 37 vultures belonging to three endangered species died after feeding on pesticide-laced cattle carcass in eastern Assam’s Sivasagar district.   Background Vultures are scavenger birds which feed on the carcasses of large animals. Vultures in the country have reduced from 40 million (in 1990) to less than 60

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Editorial : Agriculture sector

Headline : Time for India to relook the agricultural sector Editorial 30th Mar’19 FinancialExpress Details : India’s progress in agriculture: India has made significant strides in agriculture and food security since independence. It has transformed from a food deficit nation to ensuring its food security despite an almost four-fold increase in population. But time has come to relook at agriculture in India:

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Everything about Indian economy Slowdown?

Headline : Is the Indian economy slowing down? Details : Context of the topic The topic analyses the indicators suggesting slowing down of economic growth, what are its causes and related concerns. Indicators suggesting decrease in Indian economic growth Decline in sales: Decline in car sales of Maruti suzuki (the largest carmaker in India), tractor sales of Mahindra and two wheeler sales

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Everything about Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency

Headline : India’s carbon dioxide emissions up 5% Details : Topic in News Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency News Summary According to Global Energy and CO2 Status Report released by IEA, the global energy demand increased by 2.3% in 2018. As a result the energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 1.7% to 33 gigatonnes in 2018. In focus: Global Energy and

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Everything about Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)2018 report.

Headline : 27 crore Indians move out of poverty in 10 years, yet country still has highest number of poor, says report Details : The News Telegram : https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS • Recently, The Global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)2018 report has been released, which was prepared by The United Nations development Programme (UNDP) and the Oxford Poverty and Human Development Initiative (OPHI). About Global MPI • The global Multidimensional Poverty Index (MPI)

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The Sendai Declaration was adopted almost universally to achieve substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses. Highlight the various important initiatives taken by India towards disaster risk reduction in commitment to the Sendai framework. (10 marks)

The Sendai Declaration was adopted almost universally to achieve substantial reduction of disaster risk and losses. Highlight the various important initiatives taken by India towards disaster risk reduction in commitment to the Sendai framework. (10 marks) Approach: Introduction with Sendai framework Mention various initiatives by GoI – Asian Ministerial Conference, capacity building, sharing India’s expertise etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : In 2015,

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While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks)

While the frequency of forest fire appears to have increased in the country, India’s approach towards forest fire management has significant gaps. Elucidate. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with increased frequency of forest fires in India Bring out the various gaps in forest fire management (NIDM report identified the gaps) Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India, which saw a 46% increase

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Give an account of the institutional framework for Disaster Management in India. (10 marks)

 Give an account of the institutional framework for Disaster Management in India. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce with the importance of Disaster Management in India Explain the institutional framework at different levels – NDMA, SDMA, DDMA etc. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters on account of its unique Geo-climatic conditions. About 60% of the landmass

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Investors give a thumbs up to Embassy Office Parks REIT IPO

Headline : Investors give a thumbs up to Embassy Office Parks REIT IPO Details : News Summary Recently India’s first real estate investment trust (REIT) was launched. The initial public offering (IPO) offered by Embassy Office Parks, a global private equity firm, was open for investment. The REIT was fully subscribed, which is a very encouraging sign for the real estate

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Integrate TB services with primary health system: Lancet

Headline : Integrate TB services with primary health system: Lancet Details : The News According to a study by Lancet, India is not on track to eliminate TB by 2025. The article summarizes challenges identified in elimination of TB in India and solutions thereof as recommended by Lancet.   In focus: TB Elimination Report Card Challenges to TB Elimination High incidence

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Guatemala drags India to WTO’s dispute mechanism over sugar subsidies

Guatemala drags India to WTO’s dispute mechanism over sugar subsidies Details : The News Guatemala has dragged India into the World Trade Organisation (WTO) dispute settlement mechanism. The dispute has been filed against the domestic support measures maintained by India in favour of producers of sugarcane and sugar, and export subsidies for sugarcane and sugar.   Where is Guatemala? Guatemala

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Do forest surveys separately

Headline : Do forest surveys separately Details : The news • A highpower committee constituted by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has recommended the government to separate the forest surveys for estimating trees grown in forest and outside  forest. About India State of Forest Report • Forest Survey of India (FSI) an organization under the Ministry of Environment Forest & Climate Change Government of India has been assessing the forest and tree resources of

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Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad

Headline : Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad Details : India’s access to important ports abroad Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Sabang port, Indonesia India is developing its maiden deep-sea port in Indonesia’s Sabang. The port is close to Andaman and Nicobar Islands making its maiden foray in the southeast Asian. Its position at the mouth of Malacca Strait, which is the

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