Category Archives: International Relation

Humanitarian Corridors

Humanitarian Corridors Q What is the context  ?  Recently, Russia declared a temporary ceasefire in the Russia-Ukraine War to provide “humanitarian corridors” for civilians. As the war enters a likely deadlier phase, numerous civilians attempt to leave the country for safety and refuge, there must be humanitarian measures taken to reduce civilian casualties. Q What are Humanitarian Corridors? They are demilitarised zones, in a specific area and for a

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Why do Indians go abroad for medical studies?

Why do Indians go abroad for medical studies? Q What is the context  ? According to estimates from Ukraine, reported in the media, around 18,000 Indian students are in Ukraine (before Operation Ganga). Most of them are pursuing medicine. This war has turned the spotlight on something that has been the trend for about three decades now. Q Which are

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Why NATO isn’t sending troops to Ukraine?

Why NATO isn’t sending troops to Ukraine? Why is it in News ? Amid Russia’s war on Ukraine, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) has been rapidly deploying troops to member countries but has clarified that it has no plans of sending them to Ukraine. Q What is NATO? NATO is a military alliance established by the North Atlantic Treaty

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India’s Ukraine dilemma

 Why is it in News ? Late last week, India abstained from a United Nations Security Council (UNSC) resolution which called for condemning the Russian military action against Ukraine. Q What is  India’s position on the Ukraine issue ? New Delhi has taken a subtle pro-Moscow position on the question of Russian attacks against Ukraine. A geopolitical necessity: India’s Russia tilt should be

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Russia-Ukraine leads to inflation

Russia-Ukraine leads to inflation Q What is the context  ?  With the Russia-Ukraine conflict flaring into a war, global commodity prices, especially that of crude oil and gas, are likely to see a strong surge. This poses a challenge not only for India to contain inflationary pressures but also the world at large. Q What is the problem of rising

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Discuss the key reasons for continuous ceasefire violations at the line of control between India and Pakistan.

Model Answer Answer: The India–Pakistan border in Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) has witnessed repeated ceasefire violations (CFVs) over the past decade. With degrading bilateral relations between India and Pakistan, CFVs have gone up exponentially. These CFVs have the potential not only to begin a crisis but also to escalate an ongoing one. Reasons behind the ceasefire violations at LoC: To

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Outline the importance of the India- Nepal bilateral relations. What are the major tensions between the countries?

Model Answer India-Nepal relations are based on multidimensional linkages. Acknowledging each other’s importance, both countries have described the relationship as ‘special’ on various occasions. However, the India-Nepal bilateral relationship is currently at its lowest ebb due to anti-India sentiments in Nepal, in reaction to the perceived political interference by India. Importance: People to people contact: Open border system (bordering 5 India

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Explained: The Taliban war chest

Explained: The Taliban war chest In News: After recapturing Kabul, the capital of Afghanistan, the Taliban have taken control over most of the country, as well as any weapon and equipment left behind by fleeing Afghan forces. What’s in today’s article: Taliban’s revenues Sources of revenue, including Drug trade, Mining and Donations Mlitary assets News Summary: The Taliban’s ability to

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Peace Agent in the Security Council Editorial 28th Jul’21 TimesOfIndia

Peace Agent in the Security Council Editorial 28th Jul’21 TimesOfIndia India at UNSC at a critical time: On January 1, 2021, India once again returned to the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) as non-permanent member for two years. Its entry couldn’t have happened at a more critical time. India’s valuable contributions at UNSC Conflicts have only increased during the pandemic,

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​EU’s New ‘Vaccine Passport’ Programme.

​EU’s New ‘Vaccine Passport’ Programme.Q. What is this news? Covishield, manufactured by Serum Institute of India, is not among the vaccines which have been approved by the European Medicines Agency (EMA) for its “vaccine passport” programme that allows free movement of people in and out of Europe.  Kindle eBooks: Shop for kindle eBooks online at best prices in India at Amazon.in. Get Free 1 or

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About: OPEC , OPEC+

About: OPEC The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries is an intergovernmental organization of 13 nations (as of February 2021), founded in 1960 in Baghdad by the first five members (Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and Venezuela), and headquartered since 1965 in Vienna, Austria. The current OPEC members are Algeria, Angola, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Libya, Nigeria, the Republic of

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International Relation: About G-7

About: G-7 G-7 or ‘Group of Seven’ is the group of the largest advanced economies of the world comprising of the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), France, Germany, Italy, Canada and Japan. It is the only forum where the world’s most influential and democratic, open societies and advanced economies gather for discussions. G-7 has its origins in an intergovernmental organisation that

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Q. If Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) wants to remain as relevant and look toward a new phase of Asia-Pacific economic integration, it must include India as its member. Comment.

Model Answer APEC was established in 1989 as an intergovernmental platform for 21 Pacific Rim member economies to promote free-trade in the region. The grouping is facing the heat of unilateralism and protectionism. Competition and divergence in the form of US-China tensions was on full display at the 2018 APEC summit As a result, a debate pertaining to the question of the forum’s

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What is the Chagos Islands dispute about?

Headline : What is the Chagos Islands dispute about? Details : The News: Mauritius has called the UK an “illegal colonial occupier” after it ignored a UN mandated deadline to return the Chagos Islands. Chagos is a small archipelago (group of islands) in the Indian Ocean. About: Chagos Islands The Chagos Islands are a group of seven atolls comprising more than

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Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Lakhvi, Dawood Ibrahim declared terrorists under new anti-terror law

Headline : Masood Azhar, Hafiz Saeed, Lakhvi, Dawood Ibrahim declared terrorists under new anti-terror law Details : The News: India has declared Lashkar-e-Taiba (LeT) chief Hafiz Saeed, Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM) chief Masood Azhar, LeT’s supreme commander of operations in Kashmir Zaki-ur-Rehman Lakhvi and fugitive underworld don Dawood Ibrahim, all based in Pakistan, as terrorists under the amended Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act. Earlier, only

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International Relation: Old new friends Editorial 24th Aug’19 IndianExpress : India and France and equation with P-5

Headline : Old new friends Editorial 24th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : For long, India did not reciprocate France’s efforts for greater relationship: For nearly four decades, from 1980s, successive French presidents made repeated efforts to elevate the engagement with India to a higher level. While France was eager for greater relationship with India, India was distracted and preoccupied with other major powers

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FATF group ‘blacklists’ Pakistan

Headline : FATF group ‘blacklists’ Pakistan Details :In News: In a huge victory for India, the Asia-Pacific Group on Money Laundering and Terror Financing (APG) has put Pakistan in the Enhanced Expedited Follow Up List (Blacklist) for its failure to meet its standards. The APG is one of nine regional affiliates of the FATF. Telegram: https://t.me/ShubhraRanjanPSIR Background: In June 2018, Financial

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Everything about About Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)

Headline : US ends Cold War nuke treaty with aim of countering China Details : In News: The USA has withdrawn from the landmark Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) signed in 1987. About INF Treaty The missile crisis of 1970s and 80s represented the high-point of cold war, with both USA (and its NATO allies) on one side and USSR on the other, building

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In Brief: ISIS and It’s Rise and Fall

About ISIS The Islamic State, or ISIS, is a militant organization that emerged as an offshoot of al Qaeda in 2014. It was founded by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, an Iraqi. It quickly took control of large parts of Iraq and Syria, raising its black flag in victory and declaring the creation of a caliphate and imposing strict Islamic rule. The

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Dozen insurgent camps ‘smashed’ along India-Myanmar border in joint military operation

The News Recently, the armies of India and Myanmar conducted a “coordinated operation” against insurgents in Myanmar territory to avert a possible threat to the Kaladan multi-modal transit transport project.   Kaladan multi-model transit transport project India entered into a framework agreement with Myanmar in April 2008 to facilitate implementation of the project. Objective: To create a multi-modal sea, river and road

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