India’s UNSC moment Editorial 26th Jan’21 TimesOfIndia

World is changing fast today: The world of today is evolving rapidly. Structurally, we are seeing a re-emergence of great power contestation (now between the US and China) unlike any we have seen since the end of the Cold War (when it was between the US and Soviet). Fragmented world emerging:  A rising China isContinue reading “India’s UNSC moment Editorial 26th Jan’21 TimesOfIndia”

In Focus: Smog @UpscExpress

In Focus: Smog Very simply, smogis a type of air pollution that reduces visibility. The term “smog” was first used in the early 1900s to describe a mix of smoke and fog, when smoke came from burning of fossil fuels like coal in thermal power plants. Sulphurous Smog It is also called “London smog”. It results from a high concentration of sulphur oxidesinContinue reading “In Focus: Smog @UpscExpress”

Distrust towards Chinese interference in Arctic an opportunity for India Editorial 21st Oct’19 FinancialExpress

Headline : Distrust towards Chinese interference in Arctic an opportunity for India Editorial 21st Oct’19 FinancialExpress Details : Significance of Arctic: Arctic is a resource-rich area. With the melting of the sea ice, proposed sea and land routes are strategically emerging in the region. The Arctic Circle (Organization): As the Arctic has suffered from a lack ofContinue reading “Distrust towards Chinese interference in Arctic an opportunity for India Editorial 21st Oct’19 FinancialExpress”

For Naya Kashmir Editorial 6th Aug’19 IndianExpress

Headline : For Naya Kashmir Editorial 6th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress Kashmiri leaders also sought progress: Naya Kashmir was a memorandum that Kashmiri leader Sheikh Abdullah submitted to the King of erstwhile Kashmir kingdom Maharaja Hari Singh in 1944. It outlined a plan to convert J&K from an absolute monarchy to a constitutional democracy,Continue reading “For Naya Kashmir Editorial 6th Aug’19 IndianExpress”

Jammu and Kashmir: Article 370, Article 35(A), Resolutions, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill and all other developments

Headline : J&K loses its special status, divided into two UTs Details : Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress The News: In a historic decision, the Indian government has changed the terms of engagement with Jammu and Kashmir by doing away with the special status enjoyed by the state under Article 370, scrapping Article 35A and splitting the state into two UTs of J&K and Ladakh.Continue reading “Jammu and Kashmir: Article 370, Article 35(A), Resolutions, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill and all other developments”

International Organisations and Reports: Annual report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict.

Headline : India protests over UN chief’s report Details : In News: The United Nation has recently released its Annual report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict. India is disappointed with the UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres for including in the report situations in India that are neither armed conflicts nor a threat to international security.Continue reading “International Organisations and Reports: Annual report of the Secretary-General on Children and Armed Conflict.”

About Consular access, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR)

Headline : Consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav: What ICJ ordered; Pakistan has ‘offered’ to India Details : In News: Pakistan has offered India consular access to Kulbhushan Jadhav, the India who’s been in jail in Pakistan since 2016. India is “evaluating” the Pakistani proposal which comes with some strict conditions. Background: Kulbhushan Jadhav is a former IndianContinue reading “About Consular access, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations (VCCR)”

Significance of US Federal Reserves rate cut and its impact on India

Headline : Significance of US Federal Reserves rate cut and its impact on India Details : In News: The US Federal Reserve has recently announced a quarter-percentage-point cut in interest rates, the first rate cut by the US central bank in 11 years. About US Federal Reserves rate: The fed funds rate is critical in determiningContinue reading “Significance of US Federal Reserves rate cut and its impact on India”

India and Pak Relation: In Brief : Cross-LoC trade, Intra Kashmir Trade Report

Headline : Explained: LoC trade, in perspective Details : Context of the topic: Last week, the government of India suspended the cross-LoC trade, alleging misuse of the facility by individuals linked to terrorist groups   Theme of the topic: The topic gives a brief account of information about the History of the cross-LoC trade and itsContinue reading “India and Pak Relation: In Brief : Cross-LoC trade, Intra Kashmir Trade Report”

North Korea and USA Relation : Current

Headline : After unsuccessful summit with Trump, North Korean Kim Jong Un is again using military optics Details : The news North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is returning to his military optics two months after his unsuccessful summit with the US President.   Background North Korea’s quest for a nuclear weapon can be traced backContinue reading “North Korea and USA Relation : Current”

Pakistan’s economy and IMF’s help

Headline : Either way, the news is bad Editorial 20th Apr’19 TheHindu Pakistan’s economy in free-fall: Pakistan’s economy is in ruins, with almost every indicator deteriorating substantially. Inflation: Inflation, at 9.4%, is at its highest level in five-and-a-half years and is likely to rise to double digits for the months ahead. Currency depreciation: The Pakistani rupee continues toContinue reading “Pakistan’s economy and IMF’s help”

In Brief: Indo-Pacific wing, Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), India and Asean

Headline : External affairs ministry sets up Indo-Pacific wing Details : The News: In a recent move, India has just set up an Indo-Pacific division in the foreign office, which will integrate the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Asean region and the Quad to the Indo-Pacific table.   Background: The US has recently renamed its PacificContinue reading “In Brief: Indo-Pacific wing, Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), India and Asean”

How Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers

Headline : How Election Commission runs poll machinery? Details : Theme: The article analysis how Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers.   Election Commission of India: The Election Commission of India (ECI) is an autonomous constitutional body responsible for administering election processes in India. It was established on JanuaryContinue reading “How Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers”

Everything about UNESCAP’s ‘Ambition beyond Growth’ Report , SDG progress of Asia Pacific, Investment Plan, Policy Interventions to achieve SDG by 2030

Headline : To achieve development goals, Asia-Pacific countries need to spend USD 1.5 tn/yr, says UN report Details : The News UNESCAP’s report ‘ambitions beyond growth’ has projected $1.5trillion as the additional annual cost of meeting the targets set in SDG by 2030 for the countries in the Asia Pacific region.   In focus: UNESCAP’s ‘AmbitionContinue reading “Everything about UNESCAP’s ‘Ambition beyond Growth’ Report , SDG progress of Asia Pacific, Investment Plan, Policy Interventions to achieve SDG by 2030”

India and China : Trade- Areas of concern

India’s imports from China decelerating: Report News Context: Recently PHD chamber of Commerce has reported that there has been deceleration of demand for China’s products in India, during the April-January period of 2018-19 financial years. Indo- China Trade China is India’s 3rd largest export destination and largest sources of imports to India. There was aContinue reading “India and China : Trade- Areas of concern”

Every about Sino- India Border Dispute

China destroys maps showing ‘wrong’ border The news Chinese Customs officials have destroyed 30,000 world maps printed in the country for not mentioning Arunachal Pradesh and Taiwan as part of its territory. Background China claims the north-eastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh as part of South Tibet and persistently objects to Indian leaders visiting ArunachalContinue reading “Every about Sino- India Border Dispute”

Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Argentina

Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Argentina Details : Why it is important? Argentina hosted the recent G20 summit in 2018. In Feb 2019, Argentina’s President paid a state visit to India. 2019 is the 70th year of establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.   Argentina Argentina is located mostly in the southern half ofContinue reading “Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Argentina”

Guatemala drags India to WTO’s dispute mechanism over sugar subsidies

Guatemala drags India to WTO’s dispute mechanism over sugar subsidies Details : The News Guatemala has dragged India into the World Trade Organisation (WTO) dispute settlement mechanism. The dispute has been filed against the domestic support measures maintained by India in favour of producers of sugarcane and sugar, and export subsidies for sugarcane and sugar.Continue reading “Guatemala drags India to WTO’s dispute mechanism over sugar subsidies”

Economic ties are one of the biggest positive drivers of India-China relationship but the high imbalance of trade in favour of China remains a matter of concern. Discuss along with measures to reduce trade deficit for India. (15 marks)

Economic ties are one of the biggest positive drivers of India-China relationship but the high imbalance of trade in favour of China remains a matter of concern. Discuss along with measures to reduce trade deficit for India. (15 marks) Approach: Introduce with India-China relationship Make a note on facts about trade imbalance Explain the reasons for tradeContinue reading “Economic ties are one of the biggest positive drivers of India-China relationship but the high imbalance of trade in favour of China remains a matter of concern. Discuss along with measures to reduce trade deficit for India. (15 marks)”

India, Russia sign deal on nuclear submarine

Headline : India, Russia sign deal on nuclear submarine Details : In News India and Russia signed an Inter-governmental agreement for leasing of Akula class nuclear-powered submarine Chakra III. The $3-billion deal requires Russia to lease Chakra III to India for at least 10 years starting 2025.   Chakra III:  Akula Class Nuclear-powered submarine Features ChakraContinue reading “India, Russia sign deal on nuclear submarine”

Prelims Program: Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Headline : Prelims Program: Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Details : About Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) OPEC is a permanent intergovernmental organization of 14 oil-exporting nations. It coordinates and unifies the petroleum policies of its Member Countries. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in Baghdad, Iraq, in 1960Continue reading “Prelims Program: Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)”

U.S. ends waiver for India on Iran oil

Headline : U.S. ends waiver for India on Iran oil Details : The News Recently, the United States has decided not to issue any additional Significant Reduction Exceptions (SREs) to existing importers of Iranian oil.   Background Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) was signed between Iran and the P5, plus Germany and the EU inContinue reading “U.S. ends waiver for India on Iran oil”

Question : India needs a sound and sustainable policy towards Russia. Suggest measures in this regard.

Question : India needs a sound and sustainable policy towards Russia. Suggest measures in this regard. Answer : Briefly describe India’s relation with Russia According to Nilova Roy Chaudhury, relations with Russia are a key pillar of India’s foreign policy. Under the special and privileged partnership the two countries share, several institutionalized dialogue mechanisms operateContinue reading “Question : India needs a sound and sustainable policy towards Russia. Suggest measures in this regard.”

Everything about US shutdown

Onestop IAS: What is a government shutdown? A US government shutdown happens if lawmakers in Congress do not pass enough funding to run government operations and agencies. The federal government shuts down when spending bill lapse and Congress and the President are unable to break the deadlock.The government workforce is placed on an unpaid leaveContinue reading “Everything about US shutdown”

China Myanmar Economic Corridor

China and Myanmar have moved a step closer on negotiating the China-Myanmar economic corridor. This initiative is being given a high priority on account of the stalled Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) connectivity proposal. The negotiations for the formation of the BCIM corridor have virtually been stalled after Beijing went ahead with its plans to establish the China-PakistanContinue reading “China Myanmar Economic Corridor”

Everything about INDIA- SINGAPORE Relations.

INDIA- SINGAPORE RELATIONS • India’s connection with Singapore dates back to the Cholas who are credited with naming the island and establishing a permanent settlement. • The close relationship shared by India and Singapore is based on convergence of economic and political interests. • The process of economic reforms in India since the early 1990sContinue reading “Everything about INDIA- SINGAPORE Relations.”

India Japan Strategic Relationship

Strategic partnership: Defence ties Both the countries have agreed to enhance exchanges between their forces with more bilateral exercises and exchanges in the field of technology at a time when India wants to increase domestic defence production. The Armies of both nations will hold a joint exercise on anti-terrorism in 2018 for the first time.Continue reading “India Japan Strategic Relationship”

How will NSG membership help India? 

How will NSG membership help India?  Clean energy push: India is a growing country with massive energy needs. It has set for itself an ambitious goal of sourcing 40% of its power from non-fossil sources and here is where nuclear energy comes into play. India will need latest technology and NSG membership will come inContinue reading “How will NSG membership help India? “

Asian Nature Conservation Foundation:

Asian Nature Conservation Foundation: It was established in 1997 as a charitable trust. It has its headquarters at the Innovation Centre office of the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore. It is a small group of conservation scientists, planners, information managers and administrators working together to support the conservation of biological diversity in India. It isContinue reading “Asian Nature Conservation Foundation:”

Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES):

Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES): It is the preeminent annual entrepreneurship gathering that convenes emerging entrepreneurs, investors and supporters from around the world. It was started by U.S. government in 2010. It serves as a vital link between governments and the private sector, and convenes global participants to showcase projects, network, exchange ideas, and champion newContinue reading “Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES):”

Everything about Ordinance

What is an ordinance and who makes it? Article 123 of the Indian Constitution grants the President of India to Promulgate Ordinances when either of the two Houses of the Parliament is not in session which makes it impossible for a single House to pass and enact a law. Ordinances may relate to any subjectContinue reading “Everything about Ordinance”

Important Commitees

N.K.Singh committee To review the FRBM Act of 2003 Ratan Watal Committee On digital payments Anil Kakodkar Committee On railway safety A.K.Bhargava Net Neutrality Madhukar Gupta committee India Pakistan Border issue Aravind Subramanian Tackle shortage of pulses in India Bibek Debroy committee Railways and privatization of railways Shekatkar committee Defense Shyam Benegal committee Film certificationContinue reading “Important Commitees”

Everything About the Rajya Sabha

Rajyasabha Our Parliament comprises of the President and the two Houses—Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The origin of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) can be traced to the Montague-Chelmsford Report of 1918. The Government of India Act, 1919 provided for the creation of a ‘Council of State’Continue reading “Everything About the Rajya Sabha”

Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status

What is Most Favoured Nation’ (MFN) status?  The WTO as the trade-promoting body has certain key principles or philosophical themes for its working. One such principle is non-discrimination which is well scripted in Most Favored Nation (MFN) treatment. The MFN is a status or treatment given by one country to another in trade matters. ItContinue reading “Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status”

WTO- Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)

Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) envisages faster clearances and reduction of red tapism at the borders and would thereby help in the ease of doing business. TFA is bound to change the Indian trade and would bring more transparency in trade process. after TFA ratification, the world wide best trade practices wouldContinue reading “WTO- Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)”

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body. UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment, and development issues.  The organization’s goals are to: “maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries and assist them inContinue reading “United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)”

United Nations General Assembly -UNGA

It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. Its powers are to oversee the budget of the United Nations, appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council, receive reports from other parts of the United Nations and make recommendationsContinue reading “United Nations General Assembly -UNGA”

UN Secretary General

The charter is vague in defining the duties of the secretary-general, the United Nations’ top official. He or she is expected to show no favoritism to any particular country, but the office is largely dependent on the funding and goodwill of the most powerful nations. The Security Council — notably the P5 — chooses theContinue reading “UN Secretary General”

United Nations Security Council – UNSC

The 15-member Security Council is by far the most powerful arm of the United Nations. It can impose sanctions, as it did against Iran over its nuclear program, and authorize military intervention, as it did against Libya in 2011. Its five permanent members are the victors of World War II: the United States, Britain, China,Continue reading “United Nations Security Council – UNSC”

International Court of Justice – ICJ

ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it isContinue reading “International Court of Justice – ICJ”

World Economic Forum – WEF

It is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva. The forum was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a German-born business professor at the University of Geneva. Recognized by the Swiss authorities as the international institution for public-private cooperation, its mission is cited as “committed to improving the state of the world by engagingContinue reading “World Economic Forum – WEF”

BIMSTEC

It is a regional organization comprising seven Member States lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity. This sub-regional organization came into being on 6 June 1997 through the Bangkok Declaration.  The regional group constitutes a bridge between South and South East Asia and represents a reinforcementContinue reading “BIMSTEC”

East Asia Summit – EAS

East Asia Summit is a unique Leaders-led forum of 18 countries of the Asia-Pacific region formed to further the objectives of regional peace, security and prosperity. It has evolved as a forum for strategic dialogue and cooperation on political, security and economic issues of common regional concern and plays an important role in the regionalContinue reading “East Asia Summit – EAS”

G-20

G20 was initiated in 1999 and consists of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union (EU). Before the outbreak of global financial crisis in 2008, G20 meetings of Finance Ministers andContinue reading “G-20”

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966. which is headquartered in Ortigas Center located in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines, and maintains. It promote social and economic development in Asia. The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the PacificContinue reading “Asian Development Bank (ADB)”

United Nations – UN

The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that promotes international cooperation and peace building. The United Nations was established after the end of WWII on the 24th of October 1945 in order to prevent a similar global conflict from ever reoccurring. The United Nations replaced the ineffective League of Nations, which was created after theContinue reading “United Nations – UN”

International Organizations: UNHRC

It is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva. The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member StatesContinue reading “International Organizations: UNHRC”