How Supreme Court chooses the Chief Justice of India

How Supreme Court chooses the Chief Justice of India Why is it in News?  Chief Justice of India Sharad A. Bobde has recommended Justice N.V. Ramana, the senior-most judge of the Supreme Court, as the next top judge. Justice Ramana is now set to take over as the 48th Chief Justice of India from April 24.Continue reading “How Supreme Court chooses the Chief Justice of India”

Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?

Headline : Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them? Details : In News: The recently published final list of people in updated National Register of Citizen (NRC) has stripped nearly 19 lakh people in the north-eastern state of Assam of their citizenship. About: NRC The NRC for a stateContinue reading “Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?”

Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status?

Headline : Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status? Details : In News: Pakistan has decided to approach the International Court of Justice (ICJ) over the recent revocation of Jammu and Kashmir’s special status by India. Telegram: https://t.me/ShubhraRanjanPSIR Theme of the topic: The topic analysis the ICJ’s Jurisdiction over the Jammu and KashmirContinue reading “Can Pakistan get the ICJ to undo India’s decision on J&K’s special status?”

Polity: Federalism- Debate, landmark cases, Types of Federalism, J&K and more

Headline : The forms of federalism in India Details : Why in News? The Union government has withdrawn the special status conferred on Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) under Article 370 of the Constitution. It has also divided the State into two regions and declared them as Union Territories. Telegram: https://t.me/ShubhraRanjanPSIR The debate concerning with federalism: NationsContinue reading “Polity: Federalism- Debate, landmark cases, Types of Federalism, J&K and more”

Jammu and Kashmir: Article 370, Article 35(A), Resolutions, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill and all other developments

Headline : J&K loses its special status, divided into two UTs Details : Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress The News: In a historic decision, the Indian government has changed the terms of engagement with Jammu and Kashmir by doing away with the special status enjoyed by the state under Article 370, scrapping Article 35A and splitting the state into two UTs of J&K and Ladakh.Continue reading “Jammu and Kashmir: Article 370, Article 35(A), Resolutions, Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Bill and all other developments”

Quotes for Essays:

Quotes for Essays: 1) Gandhi: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/mahatma-gandhi-quotes-for-essays/ 2) Marx: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/karl-marx-quotes/ 3) Aristotle: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/aristotle-quotes-for-essay/ 4) Buddha: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/indian-political-thoughts-buddha-quotes/ 5) Plato: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/plato-quotes-for-essay/ 6) Ambedkar: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/dr-babasaheb-ambedkar-quotes/ 7) Kautilya: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/kautilya-chanakya-quotes/ 8) Aurobindo Ghosh: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/aurobindo-ghosh-quotes-for-essay/ 9) Socrates: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/western-political-thoughts-socrates-quotes/ 10) Machiaveli : https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/%E2%80%8Bmachiavelli-father-of-realism-quotes/ 11) Hobbes: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/wesrer-political-thoughts-thomas-hobbes-quotes/ 12) Rousseau: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/rousseaus-quotes-father-of-french-revolution/ !3) John Locke: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/john-locke-quotes-man-who-influenced-american-constitution/ 14) J.S. Mill: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/17/j-s-mill-quotes-father-of-liberalism/ 15) Gramsci : https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/17/gramsci-follower-of-marxism-quotes-for-essay-and-ethics/ 16) VivekanandaContinue reading “Quotes for Essays:”

In Focus: Presidential System of Government

In Focus: Presidential System of Government The Presidential system of government is one where the Executive is constitutionally independent of the Legislature, and is not responsible to the legislature. The Presidential form of government, unlike the Parliamentary system, is based on separation of powers, not on the fusion of Legislature and the Executive.  The Presidential system isContinue reading “In Focus: Presidential System of Government”

SC reserves verdict on changes to SC/ST law

Headline : SC reserves verdict on changes to SC/ST law Details : The News Recently, the Supreme Court has reserved its judgment on a batch of petitions challenging the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Act of 2018.   The Scheduled Castes and Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989 Objective: to prevent atrocitiesContinue reading “SC reserves verdict on changes to SC/ST law”

Pak launches guidelines to implement UNSC 1267 Sanctions in country

Headline : Pak launches guidelines to implement UNSC 1267 Sanctions in country  Details :  The news Pakistan has launched guidelines for implementing the UNSC 1267 Sanctions targeting UN-proscribed individuals and entities in the country.   Background After Pulwama attach and India’s counter airstrikes, tensions escalated between India and Pakistan. Since then, Pakistan is under intense globalContinue reading “Pak launches guidelines to implement UNSC 1267 Sanctions in country”

 Mahatma Gandhi gave a new dimension to the women question in the freedom struggle . Discuss.

Answer: • The women’s question like the untouchability or the communal question emerged  during the nationalist movement that had to be solved to give shape to the vision of a free India. From the 19th century, the women’s question has formed one of the major issues in socio-political debate. • In the Indian society, theContinue reading ” Mahatma Gandhi gave a new dimension to the women question in the freedom struggle . Discuss.”

5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject.

There are 5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject included in state list: Article 249  if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest that Parliament should make lawsContinue reading “5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject.”

Indian Parliamentary Group – Brief

The Indian Parliamentary Group is an autonomous body formed in the year 1949 in pursuance of a Motion adopted by the Constituent Assembly (Legislative) in 1948. A Member of Parliament can become a life Member of the Group on payment of life subscription of only Rs. Five Hundred. The aims and objects of the IndianContinue reading “Indian Parliamentary Group – Brief”

The position with respect to lapsing of bills

The position with respect to lapsing of bills is as follows: A bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses (whether originating in the Lok Sabha or transmitted to it by the Rajya Sabha). A bill passed by the Lok Sabha but pending in the Rajya Sabha lapses. A bill not passed by the two HousesContinue reading “The position with respect to lapsing of bills”

Everything about Finance Commission

Finance Commission of India It is set up every five years by the President under Article 280 of the Constitution. It first came into existence in 1951. Functions It was formed to define the financial relations between the centre and the state. These recommendations cover a period of five years. The commission also lays downContinue reading “Everything about Finance Commission”

Safeguard for Minorities in India

Currently there are 6 minorities in India viz. Muslims, Christians, Sikhs, Buddhists, Parsis and Jains. The Constitution does not define a minority or provide details relating to the geographical and numerical specification of the concept. However, it talks about ‘Minorities’ and speaks of those ‘based on religion or language and provides for special domain rightsContinue reading “Safeguard for Minorities in India”

The Naga insurgency has been a major threat to India’s security and integrity and can destabilize multiple states in north-eastern India. Elaborate. Also discuss various measures taken by the governments in handling the issue.

Approach: Introduce the issue of Naga insurgency. Explain its impact on security of India as well as that in northeastern states. Provide measures undertaken by Government especially Naga peace accord. Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Ever since Indian Independence, the Naga Insurgency has taken many forms, including the demands for secessionism to wanton violence. TheContinue reading “The Naga insurgency has been a major threat to India’s security and integrity and can destabilize multiple states in north-eastern India. Elaborate. Also discuss various measures taken by the governments in handling the issue.”

In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss.

Approach: Introduce with Hybrid conflict Talk about how Pakistan indulges in regular and hybrid wars against India and India’s response Discuss why India needs to engage in hybrid war and what it involves Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Hybrid war is one fought through a combination of conventional, irregular (efforts to win legitimacy and influenceContinue reading “In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss.”

Everything about Cauvery Verdict

• A three-judge Bench, led by Chief Justice of India, gave verdict on Cauvery river water dispute. CWDT’s verdict: • The Cauvery Water Disputes Tribunal (CWDT) verdict in 2007: Of the 740 thousand million cubic feet (TMC) of water available for utilisation, • 419 TMC was awarded to Tamil Nadu, • 270 TMC to Karnataka, •Continue reading “Everything about Cauvery Verdict”

Everything about Seventh Schedule

The Union List or List-I is a list of 100 items (the last item is numbered 97) given in Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India on which Parliament has exclusive power to legislate. The legislative section is divided into three lists: Union List, State List and Concurrent List. Unlike the federal governments of theContinue reading “Everything about Seventh Schedule”

China Myanmar Economic Corridor

China and Myanmar have moved a step closer on negotiating the China-Myanmar economic corridor. This initiative is being given a high priority on account of the stalled Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) connectivity proposal. The negotiations for the formation of the BCIM corridor have virtually been stalled after Beijing went ahead with its plans to establish the China-PakistanContinue reading “China Myanmar Economic Corridor”

Everything about INDIA- SINGAPORE Relations.

INDIA- SINGAPORE RELATIONS • India’s connection with Singapore dates back to the Cholas who are credited with naming the island and establishing a permanent settlement. • The close relationship shared by India and Singapore is based on convergence of economic and political interests. • The process of economic reforms in India since the early 1990sContinue reading “Everything about INDIA- SINGAPORE Relations.”

India Japan Strategic Relationship

Strategic partnership: Defence ties Both the countries have agreed to enhance exchanges between their forces with more bilateral exercises and exchanges in the field of technology at a time when India wants to increase domestic defence production. The Armies of both nations will hold a joint exercise on anti-terrorism in 2018 for the first time.Continue reading “India Japan Strategic Relationship”

How will NSG membership help India? 

How will NSG membership help India?  Clean energy push: India is a growing country with massive energy needs. It has set for itself an ambitious goal of sourcing 40% of its power from non-fossil sources and here is where nuclear energy comes into play. India will need latest technology and NSG membership will come inContinue reading “How will NSG membership help India? “

Right to Freedom 

Right to Freedom Art 19(1) – Democratic rights Speech and expression  Art 19(1)(a) and Art 21 – inalienable disjunct Express your view, right to listen, any communicable medium Express others view Right to know Press freedom Elect/reject candidate based on informed choices Dissent – criticize govt ITA 2000 – Sec 66A – chilling effect DefamationContinue reading “Right to Freedom “

About the Direct Benefit Transfer

The program aims to transfer subsidies directly to the people through their bank accounts. Crediting subsidies directly into bank accounts help reduce leakages, delays, etc. DBT has now extended to most of the government schemes. DBT has two components: Subsidy: When a government meets a part of the cost of providing a good or service to aContinue reading “About the Direct Benefit Transfer”

Right to Freedom of religion

Right to Freedom of religion Art 25:  P3 -Profess,Practice,Propagate Conscience – inner freedom Profess -declare openly Practice – rituals and use signs Propagate – spread but not force Opinion & belief – no state interference Conduct & practice – state can Art 26: Religious denomination  Est. institutions for religion and charity Manage its affairs Right to property Administer its propertyContinue reading “Right to Freedom of religion”

Right to equality  

Right to equality   Art 14 : Law  Equal before law   Negative English const Absence of any privileges Law is supreme authority – govt subjected to law Art 361 (exception for president and governor) Dicey No punishment unless law violated Every one equal before law without discrimination Law is the superior – const is superior inContinue reading “Right to equality  “

Cultural and Educational Rights 

Cultural and Educational Rights Art 29: Minorities interest  Protect identity Unity in diversity Majority and minority State can’t deny admission in edu on grounds of religion, race, caste or language  Art 30: Minority education  Linguistics and religious minorities Can have schools of their own – state and ntl recognition BC not part of minority RightContinue reading “Cultural and Educational Rights “

Everything about Ordinance

What is an ordinance and who makes it? Article 123 of the Indian Constitution grants the President of India to Promulgate Ordinances when either of the two Houses of the Parliament is not in session which makes it impossible for a single House to pass and enact a law. Ordinances may relate to any subjectContinue reading “Everything about Ordinance”

About the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):

The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty came into force in 1970, following widespread international concern about the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation and the spiraling nuclear weapon stocks of those states that had developed them. The NPT is a multilateral treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons including three elements: (1) non-proliferation, (2) disarmament, andContinue reading “About the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):”

Important Commitees

N.K.Singh committee To review the FRBM Act of 2003 Ratan Watal Committee On digital payments Anil Kakodkar Committee On railway safety A.K.Bhargava Net Neutrality Madhukar Gupta committee India Pakistan Border issue Aravind Subramanian Tackle shortage of pulses in India Bibek Debroy committee Railways and privatization of railways Shekatkar committee Defense Shyam Benegal committee Film certificationContinue reading “Important Commitees”

 Parliamentary vs Presidential System

Does India need a presidential system? Arguments :- Against Debate can be divided in to feasibility and desirability In the existing constitutional scheme, change is not possible. Supreme court of India already held parliamentary form of Government as part of the basic structure of the constitution. Presidential system centralizes power and chances of it turning inContinue reading ” Parliamentary vs Presidential System”

What is Article 35A of Constitution: Jammu and Kashmir 

Article 35A Article 35A gives the Jammu and Kashmir legislature the power to define the “permanent residents” of the state and provide them with special rights and privileges. Article 35A offers special privileges to state subjects of J&K in matters related to employment, acquisition of immovable property, settlements and scholarships in relation to Article 370Continue reading “What is Article 35A of Constitution: Jammu and Kashmir “

WRITS Under Article 32

Literal Meaning Habeas Corpus – to have the body of Mandamus – command/order to do the duty to public official Prohibition – to forbid higher court to lower court – prevent from exceeding the jurisdiction (in between the trial) Certiorari – to be certified – superior court to inferior court to squash the order orContinue reading “WRITS Under Article 32”

Everything About the Rajya Sabha

Rajyasabha Our Parliament comprises of the President and the two Houses—Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The origin of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) can be traced to the Montague-Chelmsford Report of 1918. The Government of India Act, 1919 provided for the creation of a ‘Council of State’Continue reading “Everything About the Rajya Sabha”

Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status

What is Most Favoured Nation’ (MFN) status?  The WTO as the trade-promoting body has certain key principles or philosophical themes for its working. One such principle is non-discrimination which is well scripted in Most Favored Nation (MFN) treatment. The MFN is a status or treatment given by one country to another in trade matters. ItContinue reading “Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status”

WTO- Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)

Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) envisages faster clearances and reduction of red tapism at the borders and would thereby help in the ease of doing business. TFA is bound to change the Indian trade and would bring more transparency in trade process. after TFA ratification, the world wide best trade practices wouldContinue reading “WTO- Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)”

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body. UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment, and development issues.  The organization’s goals are to: “maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries and assist them inContinue reading “United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)”

United Nations General Assembly -UNGA

It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. Its powers are to oversee the budget of the United Nations, appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council, receive reports from other parts of the United Nations and make recommendationsContinue reading “United Nations General Assembly -UNGA”

UN Secretary General

The charter is vague in defining the duties of the secretary-general, the United Nations’ top official. He or she is expected to show no favoritism to any particular country, but the office is largely dependent on the funding and goodwill of the most powerful nations. The Security Council — notably the P5 — chooses theContinue reading “UN Secretary General”

United Nations Security Council – UNSC

The 15-member Security Council is by far the most powerful arm of the United Nations. It can impose sanctions, as it did against Iran over its nuclear program, and authorize military intervention, as it did against Libya in 2011. Its five permanent members are the victors of World War II: the United States, Britain, China,Continue reading “United Nations Security Council – UNSC”

International Court of Justice – ICJ

ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it isContinue reading “International Court of Justice – ICJ”

National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)

The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 to provide free Legal Services to the weaker sections of the society and to organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes. NALSA is headed by the Chief Justice of India. In every State, State Legal Services Authority hasContinue reading “National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)”

World Economic Forum – WEF

It is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva. The forum was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a German-born business professor at the University of Geneva. Recognized by the Swiss authorities as the international institution for public-private cooperation, its mission is cited as “committed to improving the state of the world by engagingContinue reading “World Economic Forum – WEF”

BIMSTEC

It is a regional organization comprising seven Member States lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity. This sub-regional organization came into being on 6 June 1997 through the Bangkok Declaration.  The regional group constitutes a bridge between South and South East Asia and represents a reinforcementContinue reading “BIMSTEC”

East Asia Summit – EAS

East Asia Summit is a unique Leaders-led forum of 18 countries of the Asia-Pacific region formed to further the objectives of regional peace, security and prosperity. It has evolved as a forum for strategic dialogue and cooperation on political, security and economic issues of common regional concern and plays an important role in the regionalContinue reading “East Asia Summit – EAS”

G-20

G20 was initiated in 1999 and consists of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union (EU). Before the outbreak of global financial crisis in 2008, G20 meetings of Finance Ministers andContinue reading “G-20”

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966. which is headquartered in Ortigas Center located in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines, and maintains. It promote social and economic development in Asia. The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the PacificContinue reading “Asian Development Bank (ADB)”

United Nations – UN

The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that promotes international cooperation and peace building. The United Nations was established after the end of WWII on the 24th of October 1945 in order to prevent a similar global conflict from ever reoccurring. The United Nations replaced the ineffective League of Nations, which was created after theContinue reading “United Nations – UN”

Islamic Development Bank

The Islamic Development Bank is an international financial institution established in pursuance of the Declaration of Intent issued by the Conference of Finance Ministers of Muslim Countries held in Jeddah in December 1973, and the Bank was formally opened on 20 October 1975. The purpose of the Bank is to foster the economic development andContinue reading “Islamic Development Bank”

International Organizations: UNHRC

It is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva. The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member StatesContinue reading “International Organizations: UNHRC”

​Thucydides quotes for Realist Foreign Policy

​Thucydides quotes The bravest are surely those who have the clearest vision of what is before them, glory and danger alike, and yet notwithstanding, go out to meet it. The secret to happiness is freedom… And the secret to freedom is courage. Be convinced that to be happy means to be free and that toContinue reading “​Thucydides quotes for Realist Foreign Policy”

Electoral Reforms : NOTA

NOTA – None of the Above NOTA is designed to allow the voter to indicate disapproval of all of the candidates in a voting system. It is based on the principle that consent requires the ability to withhold consent in an election, just as they can by voting no on ballot questions. The Supreme CourtContinue reading “Electoral Reforms : NOTA”

Indian vs American constitution

Indian vs American constitution Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Feature India America Length Longest written Shortest written Constitution type Federal with unitary basis Federal Citizen ship One (except J&K A 370) One for America, and one for the state Nature of democracy Parliamentary (because of British rule) Presidential Legislature type Flexible with rigid Rigid Number of constitution OnlyContinue reading “Indian vs American constitution”

Electoral Bond

The concept of electoral bonds was introduced by Mr. Jaitley during his Budget 2017 speech in order to bring some transparency to the electoral funding process. These bonds have to be authorised under a scheme under the Income Tax Act. It will open for a limited period of time during the elections, or maybe a little beforeContinue reading “Electoral Bond”

Indus Treaty

Signed in 1960 by then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru and then Pakistan President Ayub Khan, the treaty allocates 80% of water from the six-river Indus water system to Pakistan. Beas, Ravi, Sutlej, Indus, Chenab and Jhelum from the Indus water system that flows from India to Pakistan. The Indus river basin spans parts of 4Continue reading “Indus Treaty”

​Censure Motion:

​Censure Motion • This motion can be moved only in the Lok Sabha and by the Opposition of the House. • It can be moved against the Council of Ministers or an individual Minister or a group of Ministers for their failure to act or not to act or for their policy and may expressContinue reading “​Censure Motion:”

Oscar Wilde Quotes

Oscar Wilde I can resist everything except temptation. We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars. Always forgive your enemies – nothing annoys them so much. Experience is simply the name we give our mistakes. The truth is rarely pure and never simple. Too many people today knowContinue reading “Oscar Wilde Quotes”

Chester Bennington

Chester Bennington I’m So “NUMB” and “FAINT” Today,  My tears are “CRAWLING” and emotions are “BURNING IN THE SKY” “SOMEWHERE I BELONG” ed to you. Today I am  “LOST IN THE ECHO”. “IN THE END” you have “GIVEN UP” I Know, now you are “A LIGHT THAT NEVER COMES”  “NO MORE SORROWS ” May yourContinue reading “Chester Bennington”

Question Hour: Objective, Origin, Regulation, Types of questions.

In Focus: Question Hour Lok Sabha starts every day with Question Hour. The functioning of the Parliament under normal circumstances is as shown: Objective of Question Hour Question Hour is the time of an hour during which Members of Parliament ask any questions from ministers related to the implementation of laws and policies under the purviewContinue reading “Question Hour: Objective, Origin, Regulation, Types of questions.”

​Michel Foucault

​Michel Foucault Madness is the absolute break with the work of art; it forms the constitutive moment of abolition, which dissolves in time the truth of the work of art. In its function, the power to punish is not essentially different from that of curing or educating. Freedom of conscience entails more dangers than authorityContinue reading “​Michel Foucault”

​Henry David Thoreau – The one who influenced Mahatma Gandhi

Henry David Thoreau Go confidently in the direction of your dreams. Live the life you have imagined. Our life is frittered away by detail… simplify, simplify. Things do not change; we change. Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me truth. If you have built castles in the air, your work need not beContinue reading “​Henry David Thoreau – The one who influenced Mahatma Gandhi”

Friedrich Hegel Quotes – Ardent defendant of State as an Institution

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Nothing great in the world has ever been accomplished without passion. An idea is always a generalization, and generalization is a property of thinking. To generalize means to think. Education is the art of making man ethical. Genuine tragedies in the world are not conflicts between right and wrong. They areContinue reading “Friedrich Hegel Quotes – Ardent defendant of State as an Institution”

Leo Tolstoy – Quotes – Influenced Mahatma Gandhi 

Leo Tolstoy Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself. If you want to be happy, be. All happy families resemble one another, each unhappy family is unhappy in its own way. All, everything that I understand, I understand only because I love. The two most powerful warriors are patienceContinue reading “Leo Tolstoy – Quotes – Influenced Mahatma Gandhi “

Sun Tzu Quotes on Warfare and Realist Politics

​Sun Tzu All warfare is based on deception. Hence to fight and conquer in all your battles is not supreme excellence; supreme excellence consists in breaking the enemy’s resistance without fighting. If you know the enemy and know yourself you need not fear the results of a hundred battles. The supreme art of war isContinue reading “Sun Tzu Quotes on Warfare and Realist Politics”

Sigmund Freud – Quotes

Being entirely honest with oneself is a good exercise. Sometimes a cigar is just a cigar. We are never so defenseless against suffering as when we love. The ego is not master in its own house. Most people do not really want freedom, because freedom involves responsibility, and most people are frightened of responsibility. AmericaContinue reading “Sigmund Freud – Quotes”

Jean-Paul Satre Quotes

Jean-Paul Satre Quotes Man is condemned to be free; because once thrown into the world, he is responsible for everything he does. Freedom is what you do with what’s been done to you. Three o’clock is always too late or too early for anything you want to do. If you are lonely when you areContinue reading “Jean-Paul Satre Quotes”

Why Quit India Movement (August Revolution)is most UnGandhian?

Why Quit India Movement (August Revolution)is most UnGandhian? It was most militant and UnGandhian because of following reasons. Movement was clear rebellion, least controlled and most spontaneous Gandhi allowed use of arms in self-defense Justified armed resistance against stronger and well-equipped aggressor Called for Do or Die Asked not to remain alive to see countryContinue reading “Why Quit India Movement (August Revolution)is most UnGandhian?”

Edmund Burke Quotes to support State as an Institution

The only thing necessary for the triumph of evil is for good men to do nothing. Nobody made a greater mistake than he who did nothing because he could do only a little. Those who don’t know history are destined to repeat it. When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fallContinue reading “Edmund Burke Quotes to support State as an Institution”

F​riedrich Nietzsche Quotes

Friedrich Nietzsche That which does not kill us makes us stronger. He who fights with monsters might take care lest he thereby become a monster. And if you gaze for long into an abyss, the abyss gazes also into you. He who has a why to live can bear almost any how. In individuals, insanityContinue reading “F​riedrich Nietzsche Quotes”

Revolutionary Movement in India – Contribution, Source of Influence, Strategy, Achievement

Revolutionary Movement in India Telegram : https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Contributions Revolutionary term is used for section of Indian Nationalists who believed in “Cult of Bomb”. Difference between Revolutionary and Terrorist Revolutionaries used violence against those whom they considered as exploiters. Terrorist go for indiscriminate use of violence and Killing of innocent people can not be justified. SourcesContinue reading “Revolutionary Movement in India – Contribution, Source of Influence, Strategy, Achievement”

Mother Teresa – Quotes on Peace

​Mother Teresa Quotes If you judge people, you have no time to love them. Spread love everywhere you go. Let no one ever come to you without leaving happier. Be faithful in small things because it is in them that your strength lies. Kind words can be short and easy to speak, but their echoesContinue reading “Mother Teresa – Quotes on Peace”

Immanuel Kant Quotes – Use for Ethical Case Studies

​Immanuel Kant Science is organized knowledge. Wisdom is organized life. Morality is not properly the doctrine of how we may make ourselves happy, but how we may make ourselves worthy of happiness. Live your life as though your every act were to become a universal law. So act that your principle of action might safelyContinue reading “Immanuel Kant Quotes – Use for Ethical Case Studies”

​Confucius Quotes on Everything

​Confucius Quotes Everything has its beauty, but not everyone sees it. It does not matter how slowly you go so long as you do not stop. Our greatest glory is not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall. I want you to be everything that’s you, deep at the center of yourContinue reading “​Confucius Quotes on Everything”

Adolf Hitler Quotes

Those who want to live, let them fight, and those who do not want to fight in this world of eternal struggle do not deserve to live. If you tell a big enough lie and tell it frequently enough, it will be believed. He alone, who owns the youth, gains the future. Make the lieContinue reading “Adolf Hitler Quotes”

Voltaire Quotes For Ethical and Political Questions and Essays

Judge of a man by his questions rather than by his answers. I disapprove of what you say, but will defend to the death your right to say it. Common sense is genius in homespun. II Those who can make you believe absurdities can make you commit atrocities. Every man is guilty of all theContinue reading “Voltaire Quotes For Ethical and Political Questions and Essays”

Jeremy Bentham’s Quotes – Father of Utilitarianism

Jeremy Bentham Quotes The said truth is that it is the greatest happiness of the greatest number that is the measure of right and wrong. The question is not, can they reason? Nor, can they talk? But, can they suffer? Stretching his hand up to reach the stars, too often man forgets the flowers atContinue reading “Jeremy Bentham’s Quotes – Father of Utilitarianism”

George Washington – Quotes on Everything From Life to State

Associate with men of good quality if you esteem your own reputation; for it is better to be alone than in bad company. Be courteous to all, but intimate with few, and let those few be well tried before you give them your confidence. If the freedom of speech is taken away then dumb andContinue reading “George Washington – Quotes on Everything From Life to State”

Thomas Jefferson Quotes – Declaration of American Independence

The tree of liberty must be refreshed from time to time with the blood of patriots and tyrants. Do you want to know who you are? Don’t ask. Act! Action will delineate and define you. I hold it, that a little rebellion, now and then, is a good thing, and as necessary in the politicalContinue reading “Thomas Jefferson Quotes – Declaration of American Independence”

Montesquieu Quotes – Use in Political Essays

There is no greater tyranny than that which is perpetrated under the shield of the law and in the name of justice. Success in the majority of circumstances depends on knowing how long it takes to succeed. I have always observed that to succeed in the world one should appear like a fool but beContinue reading “Montesquieu Quotes – Use in Political Essays”

Vivekananda Quotes on Spiritualism and Life

​Vivekananda Quotes You have to grow from the inside out. None can teach you, none can make you spiritual. There is no other teacher but your own soul. We are what our thoughts have made us; so take care about what you think. Words are secondary. Thoughts live; they travel far. The world is theContinue reading “Vivekananda Quotes on Spiritualism and Life”

Joseph Stalin Quotes – Can be used for Realist Political Essays.

It is enough that the people know there was an election. The people who cast the votes decide nothing. The people who count the votes decide everything. A single death is a tragedy; a million deaths is a statistic. Education is a weapon, whose effect depends on who holds it in his hands and atContinue reading “Joseph Stalin Quotes – Can be used for Realist Political Essays.”

Rabindranath Tagore Quotes

I slept and dreamt that life was joy. I awoke and saw that life was service. I acted and behold, service was joy. Faith is the bird that feels the light when the dawn is still dark. You can’t cross the sea merely by standing and staring at the water. The butterfly counts not monthsContinue reading “Rabindranath Tagore Quotes”

Aristotle Quotes For Essay

We are what we repeatedly do. Excellence, then, is not an act, but a habit. What is a friend? A single soul dwelling in two bodies. It is the mark of an educated mind to be able to entertain a thought without accepting it. Pleasure in the job puts perfection in the work. Happiness dependsContinue reading “Aristotle Quotes For Essay”

Mahatma Gandhi – Quotes For Essays

You must be the change you wish to see in the world. The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong. Happiness is when what you think, what you say, and what you do are in harmony. An eye for eye only ends up making the whole world blind. Live as ifContinue reading “Mahatma Gandhi – Quotes For Essays”