Category Archives: Prelims

About Elephants: Elephant reserves, Project elephant, MIKE Programme, Conservation efforts, Threats faced

About: Elephants The Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) occurs in 16 states of the country and in regions of central and southern Western Ghats, North-east India, eastern India and northern India and in some parts of southern peninsular India.The Indian elephant is one of three extant recognised subspecies of the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) and native to mainland Asia. The Government of India has declared Indian

Read more

About 3D Printing

Govt readies 3D printing policy for local firms to join new global market In News The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) will soon come up with a policy aimed at promoting 3D printing on an industrial scale. Objectives of the policy The policy will help to develop an ecosystem for design, development and deployment of 3D printing in the country. It

Read more

About: Pfizer Vaccine

BNT162b2 is a vaccine that has been developed using mRNA technologye. it makes use of the messenger RNA molecules that tell cells what proteins to build. The mRNA, in this case, is coded to tell the cells to recreate the spike protein of the novel coronavirus. The coronavirus spike protein is a molecular machine that facilitates the entry of coronavirus into host cells. Once the

Read more

Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC)

Headline : Mobile scheme to quit tobacco has over 2 million users in India Details : In News: The World Health Organization (WHO) has recently released its 7th report on global tobacco epidemic. The report analyses national efforts to implement the most effective measures from the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (WHO FCTC).   About: Framework Convention on Tobacco Control

Read more

Geography Concepts

El Nino :- El- Nino is Spanish word for male child ( Christ Child) El Nino refers to two things:- 1. ceasing of upwelling off west coast of South America (Eastern Pacific Ocean) 2. appearance of warmer waters than average on the surface of ocean off the west coast of South America. Statistically, El-nino has been found have a negative

Read more

Geography Concepts

Doldrums:- At sea, ITCZ area is called doldrums because sailors in olden days used to get becalmed here. It’s the region of weak winds (small pressure gradients), High Humidity and High Temperatures occuring heat near equator. Horse Latitude:- In olden days, Zones at about 30 N/S Degree were known as Horse latitude. When ships were becalmed, horses were thrown to

Read more

Culture:- Brief for Prelims

Ugadi/ Losar/ Gudi Padawa Ugadi is celebrated as New Year’s Day in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The name Ugadi is derived from the name “Yuga Adi”, which means ‘the beginning of a new age’. It is celebrated on the first day of the Hindu month Chaitra, which marks the onset of spring. The festival of Losar marks the beginning of New

Read more

Indian Army gets first batch of Dhanush artillery guns

Headline : Indian Army gets first batch of Dhanush artillery guns  Details :  The News In a major boost to its fire power, the indigenously produced long-range artillery gun, Dhanush was inducted into the Indian Army.   In focus: Dhanush Introduction Dhanush is the first indigenously produced long-range artillery gun. It has been developed by the Ordnance Factory Board and manufactured

Read more

Prelims Program: Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras

Headline : Prelims Program: Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras Details : About Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) Kendras Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP) is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals to provide quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses. PMBJP stores have been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser

Read more

Everything about Mission Shakti

Headline : Successful anti-satellite missile test puts India in elite club Details : In News India successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test, named Mission Shakti, becoming the fourth country in the world to demonstrate the capability to shoot down satellites in orbit. News Summary Under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satellite in the low earth orbit

Read more

Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA)

Headline : Prelims Program: National Innovations on Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) Details :  Climate change: Problems faced in India Climate Change, caused by the increased concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere, has emerged as the most prominent global environmental problem. Most of the countries including India are facing the problems of rising temperature, melting of glaciers, rising of sea-level leading

Read more

A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar’19 LiveMint

Headline : A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar’19 LiveMint Details :  Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test: India has successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test. Conducting the test under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satellite in the low earth orbit (LEO) at about 300 km above the earth’s surface, using an anti-satellite missile. The Defence Research

Read more

Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Argentina

Headline : Prelims Program: Map- Argentina Details : Why it is important? Argentina hosted the recent G20 summit in 2018. In Feb 2019, Argentina’s President paid a state visit to India. 2019 is the 70th year of establishment of diplomatic relations between the two countries.   Argentina Argentina is located mostly in the southern half of the South America. Argentina derives

Read more

Dozen insurgent camps ‘smashed’ along India-Myanmar border in joint military operation

The News Recently, the armies of India and Myanmar conducted a “coordinated operation” against insurgents in Myanmar territory to avert a possible threat to the Kaladan multi-modal transit transport project.   Kaladan multi-model transit transport project India entered into a framework agreement with Myanmar in April 2008 to facilitate implementation of the project. Objective: To create a multi-modal sea, river and road

Read more

Prelims Program: Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)

Headline : Prelims Program: Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) Details : About Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) OPEC is a permanent intergovernmental organization of 14 oil-exporting nations. It coordinates and unifies the petroleum policies of its Member Countries. The Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) was founded in Baghdad, Iraq, in 1960 by five countries (Founder Members

Read more

Prelims Program: National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA)

Headline : Prelims Program: National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) Details : About National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.   Objectives To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative and climate resilient by

Read more

Everything about Madhubani Painting

Madhubani which means ‘forest of honey’, is a style of folk painting old enough to find mention in some of the ancient Indian texts like the holy Ramayana. It is also known as Mithila, for its origin is said to be the Mithila region in Bihar. Traditionally, the Madhubani paintings are created using fingers and twigs, and items like matchsticks

Read more

Objectives of Ayush Mission

The Government has launched the National AYUSH Mission with the objectives of:  providing cost effective AYUSH Services, with a universal access through upgrading AYUSH Hospitals and Dispensaries,  co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals (DHs),  strengthening institutional capacity at the state level through upgrading AYUSH educational institutions, State

Read more

TataTarini Temple

Taratarini Temple is located in which of the following states? a     Madhya Pradesh b     Odisha c      Andhra Pradesh d     Kerala Explanation: Solution (b) Taratarini Temple on the Kumari hills at the bank of the River Rushikulya near Brahmapur city in Ganjam District, Odisha, India is worshiped as the Breast Shrine (Sthana Peetha) and manifestations of Adi

Read more

What is Trachoma?

• It is a chronic infective eye disease caused by infection with the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis which is transmitted through contact with eye and nose discharge of infected people, particularly young children who are most vulnerable to the infection. • It is also spread by flies which come in contact with the infected person and is most common under poor

Read more

National Population Policy 2002

National Population Policy 2002  long term objective of achieving a stable population by 2045  To address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel  To provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care.  Maternal Mortality Rate: below 100 per lakh birth.  Infant Mortality Rate: 30 per 1000 live birth.  Total

Read more

Scheme: UDAAN

The programme aims to provide skills training and enhance the employability of unemployed youth of J&K. The scheme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders. The key stakeholders are Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), State Government (Jammu & Kashmir), Corporates and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). UDAAN (Giving Wings to Girl Students) Another scheme of the same

Read more

Krishi Vigyan Kendras

Krishi Vigyan Kendras (KVKs) are agricultural extension centers created by ICAR to provide various types of farm support to the agricultural sector. It is created to serve as a single window mechanism for addressing the technology needs of farmers and acts as a link among researchers, extension functionaries like NGOs and farmers. The farm support includes farm advisory service including climate

Read more

Everything about Mi8 Helicopter

• Indian Air Force is phasing out the Mi-8 helicopters. • Mi-8 helicopter has been used in numerous operations, missions, expeditions and movements conducted by IAF. • Most of the Indian Air Force Officials have called the helicopter ‘iconic’. Mi-8 helicopters • They are a utility and medium sized assault helicopter. Induction in IAF • In 1972, they were inducted

Read more

Lymphatic Filariasis

Introduction • The national health policy had aimed at eliminating filariasis by 2015 but the deadline was extended to 2017 and now has been shifted to 2020. • But India is likely to miss the target date of stamping out elephantiasis or lymphatic filariasis. Filariasis • Filariasis, called hathipaon (elephant foot) locally, can cause limbs, usually the leg, knee downwards,

Read more

Commissions for Women

National Commission for Women • The National Commission for Women was set up as statutory body in January 1992 under the National Commission for Women Act,1990. Objectives • Review the Constitutional and Legal safeguards for women. • Recommend remedial legislative measures. • Facilitate redressal of grievances. • Advise the Government on all policy matters affecting women. State Commission for Women

Read more

National Testing Agency

Features of National Testing Agency • The National Testing Agency (NTA) will be created as a Society registered under the Indian Society Registration Act, 1860. • It will be an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions. • The NTA will begin by conducting exams managed by the CBSE and gradually conduct other

Read more

TRAPPIST-1:

TRAPPIST-1: It is an ultra-cool dwarf star about 40 light years away, located in the constellation Aquarius. It is named after the telescope that discovered this system – TRAPPIST (Transiting Planets and Planetesimals Small Telescop) in Chile. The planets have sizes and masses comparable to the Earth and Venus. It is an ultra-cool star (unlike our sun). Therefore, liquid water

Read more

Dhruv:

Dhruv: Dhruv has been indigenously designed and developed by the HAL, and is powered by the Shakti engine jointly developed with Turbomeca of France. It is a twin engine, multi-role, multi-mission new generation helicopter. It is superior to the other helicopters used by the Army such as Cheetah and Chetak, both of which have single engine. It has been exported

Read more

H1N1 Flu:

H1N1 Flu: It is a respiratory disease caused by a strain of the influenza type A virus known as H1N1. H1N1 Flu is also known as swine flu. It is called swine flu because in the past the people who caught it had direct contact with pigs. It can be transmitted from one person to another by coughing and sneezing.

Read more

NATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRICING AUTHORITY:

NATIONAL PHARMACEUTICAL PRICING AUTHORITY: The National Pharmaceutical Pricing Authority (NPPA) is a government regulatory agency that controls the prices of pharmaceutical drugs and equipments in India. NPPA is an organization of the Government of India which was established to fix/ revise the prices of controlled bulk drugs and formulations and to enforce prices and availability of the medicines in the

Read more

FASTags:

FASTag is a device that employs Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology for making toll payments directly from the prepaid or savings account linked to it. It is affixed on the windscreen of the vehicle and enables to drive through toll plazas, without stopping for cash transactions. The tag can be purchased from Tag issuers and if it is linked to

Read more

About the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):

The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty came into force in 1970, following widespread international concern about the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation and the spiraling nuclear weapon stocks of those states that had developed them. The NPT is a multilateral treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons including three elements: (1) non-proliferation, (2) disarmament, and (3) peaceful use of nuclear

Read more

Pulikkali festival – Kerala

Pulikkali festival Pulikkali is a colorful recreational folk art from the state of Kerala. It is performed by trained artists to entertain people on the occasion of Onam, an annual harvest festival, celebrated mainly in Kerala. On the fourth day of Onam celebrations (Nalaam Onam), performers painted like tigers and hunters in bright yellow, red, and black dance to the beats

Read more

Navroz festival : Parsi People

It is a Parsi New Year festival. While the Balkans, the Caucasus, the Middle Easterns celebrate the festival on March 21, the first day of the Zoroastrian calendar, in India there is another version of the festival that is followed according to the Shahanshahi calendar and falls during the later months of the year. The dates change every year since the calendar doesn’t account

Read more

UNESCO : Yoga in the representative list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

Yoga, India’s one of the ancient practices has now been inscribed as an element in the UNESCO’s list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of humanity. Yoga has become the 13th intangible cultural heritage that has been listed from India so far with UNESCO. Previous ones includes the Chhau dance (Inscribed in 2010), the Buddhist chanting of Ladakh, Sankirtana –the ritual singing,

Read more

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan envisages to improve the quality and coverage of Antenatal Care (ANC) including diagnostics and counselling services as part of the Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Strategy. The Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan has been launched by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India. The program aims to provide assured, comprehensive and

Read more

Military Exercises

Military Exercises Mitra Sakthi Slinex India – Sri Lanka Joint Military Exercise. India – Sri Lanka Naval exercise Sampriti India – Bangladesh Yudh Abhyas India – USA joint military training exercise Hand in Hand India – China military exercise Konkan Indian Navy and the Royal Navy maritime exercise Ekuverin India – Maldives Al Nagah India – Oman army to army

Read more

Jallikattu

Jallikattu is a bull taming sport played in Tamil Nadu as a part of Pongal celebrations on Mattu Pongal day. It is a Tamil tradition called ‘Yeru thazhuvatha’ in Sangam literature(meaning, to embrace bulls), popular amongst warriors during the Tamil classical period. Jallikattu is based on the concept of “flight or fight”. All castes participate in the event. The majority of jallikattu bulls belong

Read more

Law Commission of India

Law Commission of India • The first Law Commission was established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay which recommended codification of the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and a few other matters.  • After independence,  though the Constitution stipulated the continuation of pre-Constitution Laws (Article 372) till they are amended or

Read more

Indian National Anthem

Indian National Anthem Facts ​• Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. • The underlying message of Jana Gana Mana is pluralism.  • Jana Gana Mana was written on 11 December 1911. • It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress and again in January 1912 at the annual

Read more