Tag Archives: Ethics

Q. What do you understand by Emotional Intelligence(EI)? Highlight its significance, discuss the ways to develop EI among civil servants.

Approach: Explain the concept of Emotional Intelligence(EI) and discuss its components Highlight the significance and importance of EI for civil servants. Discuss the ways to develop EI among civil servants. Model Answer Emotional Intelligence (EI) refers to the capability of a person to recognize, understand and manage own emotions, as well as to understand, manage and influence emotions of others.

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Emotional Intelligence is the unique intersection of the heart and head, which is very important in the current working environment of civil servants. Explain. (10 marks)

Q2. Emotional Intelligence is the unique intersection of the heart and head, which is very important in the current working environment of civil servants. Explain. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce EI as the unique intersection of the heart and head Discuss the factors due to which EI is very important in the current working environment of civil servants Conclude appropriately Model

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Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (10 marks)

Q1. Discuss the role of family in inculcating values in a person. (10 marks) Approach: Introduce by explaining values Discuss the role of the family in inculcating values, giving examples of both good and bad Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Values are an individual/group’s own principles or qualities guiding their judgment and behaviour. They can be intrinsic like truth, courage,

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Everything about Ramkrishna Mission

Ramakrishna Mission • It is an embodiment of the synthesis of ancient Indian and modern western cultures. • Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (1836-86) was the founder of this socio-religious movement. • Formally, the Mission was founded in May 1897 by Paramahamsa’s disciple, Narendranath Dutta, who was later on known as Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902). Objectives of the Mission • To bring into existence a

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Q.What are bio ethics? Why has its importance increased recently? Discuss one bio ethical issue of eminence in recent times.

Bioethics is a field of applied ethics which involves ethical issues related to living beings and concerns three broad areas namely medical ethics (health care, health science, and health policy), animal ethics, and environmental ethics. It involves not just doctors, but patients,scientists, activists and policy makers and public at large. The increase of the importance of bioethics can be attributed

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What is the relevance of probity in governance? What steps can be taken to promote it.

For any country to survive and prosper there should be a continuous growth, optimal utilization of resources using state of the art technology and reduction of economic disparities so that all sections and regions of the country contribute to its growth. It is even more a necessity for a country like India where a sizable population lives under poverty line,there

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Ethics case study

You are the Secretary of a State IAS Officers Association(SIOA). Recently, a senior IAS Officer posted as Chairman of the State Staff Selection Commission was arrested in connection with a question paper leak scam. Following his arrest, many IAS officers have approached you to organize a collective action to seek justice for him. They are proposing that an emergency meeting

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Ethics Case Study

The leader of a prominent social group has been facing trial in a criminal case. The court is expected to deliver the verdict in two days. Ahead of the verdict, a large number of members of this group from various parts of State have flocked en masse to the city where the court is located. They threaten to go on

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Ethics Case Study-1

A close friend of your joins a reputed construction firm. He is assigned to a project under which the company is building a flyover in a metropolitan city. In his very first week on the job, as he inspects the construction designs, he realizes that there is a potentially dangerous flaw in the design, which so far has gone unnoticed.

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Given a choice between the two, an organization should focus more on its culture than its regulations. Do you agree? (150 words – 10 marks)

Yes, I agree. The structure of an organization comprises the rules and procedures on the basis of which it is created and functions. A good structure is necessary for better performance, but is not sufficient. Rules and procedures can be effective only when interpreted and implemented in letter and spirit. This cannot be mandated by the structure but is influenced

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Accountability without responsibility is like a bird without wings. Comment. (150 words – 10 marks)

Accountability is necessary for better governance but not sufficient. It has some fundamental limitations which can be overcome only by performing our duties with a sense of responsibility. Such limitations include: i) Difficulties in constantly monitoring the various activities of subordinates. ii) Accountability can consider quantity but not quality. In situations where discretion is involved, accountability is of limited value.

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Any attempt by an institution to withhold information from its stakeholders should invite strict censure. Do you agree?

No, I do not completely agree. There may be situations where information would need to be withheld for larger public interest. Such circumstances can arise when the matter concerns: i. Preserving national security e.g. it would be wrong for the media to relay live coverage of a terror attack while the operation is still in progress, as happened in Mumbai in 2008.

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There are unjust laws, just as there are unjust men. Explain with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)

The words of Mahatma Gandhi were from his struggle in South Africa against the unjust racial laws. Laws protect the rights of people and regulate the civil activities. In most of the cases, laws are on the lines of ethical principles. But, there are also several laws which are clearly unethical. For example laws made by Nazi state in Germany

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What are the ethical concerns involved in a country’s decision to deny asylum to refugees?

Such ethical concerns can be considered in two time-frames. Short-term concerns: i. Greater strain on scarce national resources, at the expense of ones own citizens. ii. Security risks, since the refugees are more vulnerable to recruitment by terror groups. iii. Provides no clear benefits to the host country, apart from possibly a moral high ground. Long-term concerns: i. Turning down

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Case Study 3 – Ethics

You are Ms. A, an investigator working with an insurance company. Recently, a case was forwarded to you for investigation. This case pertains to an insurance claim of Rs. 2 crores, made with respect to the maturity of a life insurance policy. The company’s suspicion has been aroused because only 6 instalments of this policy were paid before the policy

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Case Study-2 Ethics

You are the CEO of a prominent IT Company, based in Bengaluru. Recently, your company has successfully developed a software which seamlessly translates many regional languages into English. The applications of this software are multi-fold and are expected to generate a lot of revenue for the company. A few days after the software is released, an employee of your firm

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Case Study Ethics

A jawan in the Indian Army is extremely disillusioned with his present working conditions. Stationed at a high-altitude border post, he struggles with the hostile weather, the risk of enemy gunfire and the stress of constantly being in a state of high alertness. Such stress if further compounded by the poor living conditions and a very meagre, often inedible diet.

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What are the challenges associated with the institutional and societal framework for fighting corruption? (150 words – 10 marks)

The legal and institutional framework to curb corruption is well developed in the country and there are various bodies in place for implementing anti-corruption policies and raising awareness on corruption issues, but still it faces the following problems:  CVC: Needs prior sanction to prosecute. Cannot probe officials below Joint Secretary level until government refers case and Limited staff. 

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What is dynamic pricing? Examine the ethical issues involved in dynamic pricing by a private firm and by a govt. organization. (150 words – 10 marks)

Dynamic pricing is a pricing strategy wherein the price is not firmly set; instead it changes based on changing circumstances, such as increases in demand at certain times, type of customer being targeted or changing marketing conditions. The fundamental concern w.r.t. dynamic pricing strategies is the availability of viable alternatives. This ensures that any such mechanism provides benefits to the organization but

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Discuss the Seven Principles of Public Life given by the Nolan Committee. (150 words – 10 marks)

The Nolan Committee provides 7 Principles which state that holders of public office should: i) Selflessness: act solely in terms of the public interest. They should not do so in order to gain financial or other benefits for themselves, their family or their friends. ii) Integrity: Not place themselves under any financial or other obligation to outside individuals or organisations

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When the objective is noble, the means do not matter. Do you agree? Justify your stand with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)

No, I do not completely agree with the statement. Even if the objective is noble, the means through which it is to be achieved must not be compromised. For, if they are compromised, the objective itself may lose relevance. A case in point is the program of forced sterilizations that India witnessed in the 1970s. The objective was noble, to

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 What is service quality? How can it be improved? (150 words – 10 marks)

Service quality can be defined as the difference between customer expectations and customer perceptions. If expectations are greater than the customer’s perceptions about service experience and outcome, the perceived quality is not satisfactory. This emphasizes the fact that in assessing service quality, it is the perspective of the customer that should be given precedence. Improving the quality of public services

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About the Direct Benefit Transfer

The program aims to transfer subsidies directly to the people through their bank accounts. Crediting subsidies directly into bank accounts help reduce leakages, delays, etc. DBT has now extended to most of the government schemes. DBT has two components: Subsidy: When a government meets a part of the cost of providing a good or service to a beneficiary. Income transfer: When a government

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WRITS Under Article 32

Literal Meaning Habeas Corpus – to have the body of Mandamus – command/order to do the duty to public official Prohibition – to forbid higher court to lower court – prevent from exceeding the jurisdiction (in between the trial) Certiorari – to be certified – superior court to inferior court to squash the order or transfer the case (at the

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​Why India faces huge corruption?

​Why India faces huge corruption? • Colonial Legacy of unchallenged authority and abritary use of power • Asymmetry of power. Reduces societal pressure to conform to ethical behavior  • Conscious choice of our economic policies which put citizen at the mercy of state – Monopoly – Corruption.  • Over Centralization – Power is exercised more remotely – increasing the distance

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Law Commission of India

Law Commission of India • The first Law Commission was established in 1834 under the Charter Act of 1833 under the Chairmanship of Lord Macaulay which recommended codification of the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and a few other matters.  • After independence,  though the Constitution stipulated the continuation of pre-Constitution Laws (Article 372) till they are amended or

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Indian National Anthem

Indian National Anthem Facts ​• Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. • The underlying message of Jana Gana Mana is pluralism.  • Jana Gana Mana was written on 11 December 1911. • It was first sung on 27 December 1911 at the Calcutta Session of the Indian National Congress and again in January 1912 at the annual

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Alexander Graham Bell

​Alexander Graham Bell When one door closes another door opens; but we so often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door, that we do not see the ones which open for us. Concentrate all your thoughts upon the work at hand. The sun’s rays do not burn until brought to a focus. Before anything else, preparation is

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Thomas Edison

​Thomas Edison I have not failed. I’ve just found 10,000 ways that won’t work. Genius is one percent inspiration and ninety-nine percent perspiration. Opportunity is missed by most people because it is dressed in overalls and looks like work. Many of life’s failures are people who did not realize how close they were to success when they gave up. If

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Benjamin Franklin Quotes

Benjamin Franklin Quotes  They who can give up essential liberty to obtain a little temporary safety deserve neither liberty nor safety. An investment in knowledge pays the best interest. Our new Constitution is now established, everything seems to promise it will be durable; but, in this world, nothing is certain except death and taxes. You may delay, but time will

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Rudyard Kipling Quotes

Rudyard Kipling Quotes Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind. We have forty million reasons for failure, but not a single excuse. A woman’s guess is much more accurate than a man’s certainty. I always prefer to believe the best of everybody, it saves so much trouble. For the strength of the Pack is the Wolf,

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George Orwell

George Orwell Quotes Inn a time of universal deceit – telling the truth is a revolutionary act. If you want a vision of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face – forever. Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past. All animals are equal, but some animals are more equal than

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Charles Dickens Quotes

​Charles Dickens No one is useless in this world who lightens the burdens of another. Have a heart that never hardens, and a temper that never tires, and a touch that never hurts. It was the best of times, it was the worst of times. Reflect upon your present blessings — of which every man has many — not on

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​Michel Foucault

​Michel Foucault Madness is the absolute break with the work of art; it forms the constitutive moment of abolition, which dissolves in time the truth of the work of art. In its function, the power to punish is not essentially different from that of curing or educating. Freedom of conscience entails more dangers than authority and despotism. As the archaeology

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Friedrich Hegel Quotes – Ardent defendant of State as an Institution

Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel Nothing great in the world has ever been accomplished without passion. An idea is always a generalization, and generalization is a property of thinking. To generalize means to think. Education is the art of making man ethical. Genuine tragedies in the world are not conflicts between right and wrong. They are conflicts between two rights. What

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​Che Guevara

​Che Guevara The revolution is not an apple that falls when it is ripe. You have to make it fall. Silence is argument carried out by other means. I know you are here to kill me. Shoot, coward, you are only going to kill a man. If you tremble with indignation at every injustice, then you are a comrade of

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​Fidel Castro – Quotes to support Socialism and Communism 

​Fidel Castro Quotes A revolution is a struggle to the death between the future and the past. They talk about the failure of socialism but where is the success of capitalism in Africa, Asia and Latin America? I find capitalism repugnant. It is filthy, it is gross, it is alienating… because it causes war, hypocrisy and competition. The revolution is

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Thomas Aquinas Quotes

​Thomas Aquinas The things that we love tell us what we are. There is nothing on this earth more to be prized than true friendship. To one who has faith, no explanation is necessary. To one without faith, no explanation is possible. Better to illuminate than merely to shine, to deliver to others contemplated truths than merely to contemplate. Sorrow

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Vladimir Putin Quotes

We don’t need a weakened government but a strong government that would take responsibility for the rights of the individual and care for the society as a whole. We shall fight against them, throw them in prisons and destroy them. The path towards a free society has not been simple. There are tragic and glorious pages in our history.

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Atal Bihari Vajpayee -Quotes to use in International Relations

​Atal Bihari Vajpayee Quotes Our nuclear weapons are meant purely as a deterrent against nuclear adventure by an adversary. You can change friends but not neighbours. Global interdependence today means that economic disasters in developing countries could create a backlash on developed countries. We hope the world will act in the spirit of enlightened self-interest. No state should be allowed

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Pramhansa Yogananda

Paramhansa Yogananda – Spiritual quotes Let my soul smile through my heart and my heart smile through my eyes, that I may scatter rich smiles in sad hearts. Remain calm, serene, always in command of yourself. You will then find out how easy it is to get along. The season of failure is the best time for sowing the seeds

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Karl Marx – Quotes

Religion is the sigh of the oppressed creature, the heart of a heartless world, just as it is the spirit of a spiritless situation. It is the opium of the people. There is a specter haunting Europe, the specter of Communism. The philosophers have only interpreted the world, in various ways. The point, however, is to change it. Capital is

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CSE Mains General Studies Paper – IV

CSE Mains General Studies Paper – IV Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude) This paper will include questions to test the candidates’ attitude and approach to issues relating to integrity, probity in public life and his problem solving approach to various issues and conflicts faced by him in dealing with society. Questions may utilise the case study approach to determine these aspects. The following broad areas will

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