IMF members delay quota changes, agree to maintain funding

Headline : IMF members delay quota changes, agree to maintain funding Details : In News Members of the International Monetary Fund (IMF) have agreed to maintain its funding at $1 trillion but postponed changes to its voting structure. Highlights of the deal The deal will allow an extension of non-permanent, supplementary sources of funds, such as the NewContinue reading “IMF members delay quota changes, agree to maintain funding”

Explained: Why interest rates aren’t falling

Headline : Explained: Why interest rates aren’t falling Details : Context for the article: This article explores why, despite significant repo rate cuts by the RBI, the interest rates in the banking system are not falling much. Rate cuts by the RBI: Since February, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has aggressively cut the repo rate.Continue reading “Explained: Why interest rates aren’t falling”

Electrifying India’s transport Editorial 7th May’19 TimesOfIndia

Headline : Electrifying India’s transport Editorial 7th May’19 TimesOfIndia Details : Rapid urbanization and transport problems: India’s urban population will nearly double in the next decade. More than half a billion people will live and work in Indian cities. Travel within and between cities will grow exponentially. This rapid growth poses several social, economic and environmentalContinue reading “Electrifying India’s transport Editorial 7th May’19 TimesOfIndia”

In Brief: Indo-Pacific wing, Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), India and Asean

Headline : External affairs ministry sets up Indo-Pacific wing Details : The News: In a recent move, India has just set up an Indo-Pacific division in the foreign office, which will integrate the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Asean region and the Quad to the Indo-Pacific table.   Background: The US has recently renamed its PacificContinue reading “In Brief: Indo-Pacific wing, Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN), Quadrilateral Security Dialogue (Quad), India and Asean”

Culture:- Brief for Prelims

Ugadi/ Losar/ Gudi Padawa Ugadi is celebrated as New Year’s Day in Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The name Ugadi is derived from the name “Yuga Adi”, which means ‘the beginning of a new age’. It is celebrated on the first day of the Hindu month Chaitra, which marks the onset of spring. The festival of LosarContinue reading “Culture:- Brief for Prelims”

CSE 2021: What’s Important to read ?

Must Read, Nothing Required. 0. Syllabus+ Past Papers 1. Polity- Laxmikant, 11th NCERT 2. Geography – 11th or 12th NCERT + World ATLAS 3. History- TN NCERT/ OLD NCERT/ THEMES + Spectrum 4. Art and Culture- 11th- Introduction to Arts 5. Environment – Shankar IAS 6. Economy – Sanjiv Verma + Reddy Sir Notes +Continue reading “CSE 2021: What’s Important to read ?”

Everything about EMISAT: Electronic Intelligence Satellite, PSLV-C45 Mission

Headline : PSLV to launch military’s eye in the sky Details : The News ISRO will launch India’s first electronic intelligence satellite, EMISAT onboard PSLV-C45.   PSLV-C45 Mission PSLV-C45 mission, for the first time, will launch satellites in 3 different orbits EMISAT, electronic intelligence satellite in the low earth orbit, 749 km above the surface ofContinue reading “Everything about EMISAT: Electronic Intelligence Satellite, PSLV-C45 Mission”

In Brief: Data Localisation, NPCI, Retail Payment and RBI’s Authority

Headline : WhatsApp yet to comply with data localisation norms: RBI Details : The News Recently, the RBI has made the revelations that WhatsApp is not in compliance with RBI’s data localisation norms. This is the first time ever that the Reserve Bank has made any statement about WhatsApp’s payments business and compliance with data localizationContinue reading “In Brief: Data Localisation, NPCI, Retail Payment and RBI’s Authority”

Everything about Vultures: Ecological Importance, Declining Population, Threats, IUCN status, Types of Vultures and It’s conservation

Headline : Poisoned cattle carcass kills 37 vultures Details : The news Around 37 vultures belonging to three endangered species died after feeding on pesticide-laced cattle carcass in eastern Assam’s Sivasagar district.   Background Vultures are scavenger birds which feed on the carcasses of large animals. Vultures in the country have reduced from 40 million (inContinue reading “Everything about Vultures: Ecological Importance, Declining Population, Threats, IUCN status, Types of Vultures and It’s conservation”

Everything about Ramappa Temple and World heritage site

Ramappa Temple for world heritage site: Telangana is expected to get its first site, the Ramappa Temple at Palampet, included in UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee. Background India has already got 37 sites inscribed in the World Heritage List. There are total 29 cultural sites, 7 NaturalContinue reading “Everything about Ramappa Temple and World heritage site”

Everything about Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency

Headline : India’s carbon dioxide emissions up 5% Details : Topic in News Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency News Summary According to Global Energy and CO2 Status Report released by IEA, the global energy demand increased by 2.3% in 2018. As a result the energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 1.7% to 33 gigatonnes in 2018.Continue reading “Everything about Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency”

Everything about US shutdown

Onestop IAS: What is a government shutdown? A US government shutdown happens if lawmakers in Congress do not pass enough funding to run government operations and agencies. The federal government shuts down when spending bill lapse and Congress and the President are unable to break the deadlock.The government workforce is placed on an unpaid leaveContinue reading “Everything about US shutdown”

Linguistic commissions

Dhar Commission There was a demand from different regions, mainly South India, for reorganization of States on linguistic basis. Consequently, in June 1948, the Government of India appointed the Linguistic Provinces Commission under the chairmanship of S.K.Dhar to study the feasibility of organizing states on Linguistic basis. The Commission, later on, rejected the linguistic basisContinue reading “Linguistic commissions”

Sources of the Constitution :

Sources of the Constitution 1. Government of India Act of 1935: Federal Scheme, Office of governor, Judiciary, Public Service Commissions, Emergency provisions and administrative details. 2. British Constitution: Parliamentary government, Rule of Law, legislative procedure, single citizenship, cabinet system, prerogative writs, parliamentary privileges and bicameralism. 3. US Constitution: Fundamental rights, independence of judiciary, judicial review,Continue reading “Sources of the Constitution :”

Everything about Seventh Schedule

The Union List or List-I is a list of 100 items (the last item is numbered 97) given in Seventh Schedule in the Constitution of India on which Parliament has exclusive power to legislate. The legislative section is divided into three lists: Union List, State List and Concurrent List. Unlike the federal governments of theContinue reading “Everything about Seventh Schedule”

Unitary Features of Indian constitution:

Unitary Features of Indian constitution: 1.     The States of Indian Don’t have their own constitution as in the states of USA and Australia have their own constitution. 2.     Uniform and single Citizenship in India (Australia and USA have double citizenship). 3.     Parliament can make the changes of territorial extent of a State without its consent.Continue reading “Unitary Features of Indian constitution:”

Federal Features of Indian Constitution

The main federal features of the Indian Constitution are as follows: 1. Written Constitution: The Indian Constitution is a written document containing 395 Articles and 12 schedules, and therefore, fulfils this basic requirement of a federal government. In fact, the Indian Constitution is the most elaborate Constitution of the world. 2. Supremacy of the Constitution:Continue reading “Federal Features of Indian Constitution”

Everything about Agricultural Crisis

The main reasons for farm crises are: Slow agriculture growth: Agriculture shrank to just 18 percent of the GDP in 2013-14; and further shrinking is projected given agriculture’s lower growth rate compared to other sectors. The agriculture growth rates have been unsteady in the recent past. 2012-13: 1.5% 2013-14: 5.6% 2014-15: (-) 0.2% 2015-16: 0.7%.Continue reading “Everything about Agricultural Crisis”

India Japan Strategic Relationship

Strategic partnership: Defence ties Both the countries have agreed to enhance exchanges between their forces with more bilateral exercises and exchanges in the field of technology at a time when India wants to increase domestic defence production. The Armies of both nations will hold a joint exercise on anti-terrorism in 2018 for the first time.Continue reading “India Japan Strategic Relationship”

Everything about OIL SPILL

OIL SPILL:  An oil spill is the release of a liquid petroleum hydrocarbon or naturally extracted oil into the environment, especially marine areas, due to human activity and is a form of pollution. Remedies: 1.Dispersant: Dispersants are chemicals that when applied to oil floating on the surface greatly increases the rate of dispersal and breakdownContinue reading “Everything about OIL SPILL”

Air Pollution – Particulate Matter

Fine Particles, Particulate Matter 2.5: Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) is an air pollutant that is a concern for people’s health when levels in air are high. PM2.5 are tiny particles in the air that reduce visibility and cause the air to appear hazy when levels are elevated. Outdoor PM2.5 levels are most likely to beContinue reading “Air Pollution – Particulate Matter”

Commodity and Exchanges

What is a commodity? Commodities are products that can be bought, sold or traded in different kinds of markets. Commodities are the raw materials that are used to create products which are consumed in everyday life around the world, from food products in India to building new homes in Europe or to running cars inContinue reading “Commodity and Exchanges”

International Treaties fro Hazardous Substance Management

Hazardous Substance Management To promote safe management and use of hazardous substance in order to avoid damage to the health and env. International conventions Basel convention – control the transboundary mvmt of hazardous waste Non binding agreement Reduce the movement of hazardous waste between nations Prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed country USA,Continue reading “International Treaties fro Hazardous Substance Management”

Right to Freedom of religion

Right to Freedom of religion Art 25:  P3 -Profess,Practice,Propagate Conscience – inner freedom Profess -declare openly Practice – rituals and use signs Propagate – spread but not force Opinion & belief – no state interference Conduct & practice – state can Art 26: Religious denomination  Est. institutions for religion and charity Manage its affairs Right to property Administer its propertyContinue reading “Right to Freedom of religion”

Nature Conservation – International Treaties

Nature Conservation Under Biodiversity conservation scheme, there are two main subcomponents Bio Diversity Bio Safety  Bio Diversity Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) Legally binding Aichi target  India enacted the Biological Diversity Act, 2002 to give effect to the provisions of CBD. National Biodiversity Authority (NBA) was created to implement the provisions of BDA, 2002. Located at Chennai AutonomousContinue reading “Nature Conservation – International Treaties”

Smart Cities

what are Smart Cities? A ‘smart city’ is an urban region that is highly advanced in terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications and market viability. It is a city where information technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services to residents. There are many technological platforms involved, including butContinue reading “Smart Cities”

Everything about Cyberwar?

What is Cyberwar? Cyberwar is a form of war which takes places on computers and the Internet, through electronic means rather than physical ones. With an increasing global reliance on technology for everything from managing national electrical grids to ordering supplies for troops, cyberwar is a method of attack which many nations are vulnerable to.Continue reading “Everything about Cyberwar?”

Market Stabilization Bond

MSS bonds bear an interest rate that can boost banks’ income. This incentivizes banks to participate effectively in demonetization drive. MSS as SLR bonds: MSS bonds can also be used to calculate banks’ mandatory bond holding. MSS bonds does not increase Government’s fiscal deficit. According to CRISIL, the stock of G-secs with the RBI, necessaryContinue reading “Market Stabilization Bond”

Gangetic Dolphin

Dolphins are one of the oldest creatures in the world along with some species of turtles, crocodiles and sharks. Platanista gangetica , the biological name of the Gangetic river dolphin, also called the “blind” river dolphin or the “side-swimming dolphin” is unique to India and an endangered species. Ganges river dolphins once lived in the Ganges-Brahmaputra-Meghna and Karnaphuli-SanguContinue reading “Gangetic Dolphin”

Amur Falcons

Amur falcons are the longest travelling raptors in the world. They weigh just 150 grams Males are mostly grey in colour and the females have dark-streaked cream or orange underparts. The species flies non-stop from Mongolia to northeast India covering 5,600 km in five days and nights, a small part of its 22,000 km circular migratoryContinue reading “Amur Falcons”

Everything About the Rajya Sabha

Rajyasabha Our Parliament comprises of the President and the two Houses—Lok Sabha (House of the People) and Rajya Sabha (Council of States). The origin of the Rajya Sabha (Council of States) can be traced to the Montague-Chelmsford Report of 1918. The Government of India Act, 1919 provided for the creation of a ‘Council of State’Continue reading “Everything About the Rajya Sabha”

World Economic Forum – WEF

It is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva. The forum was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a German-born business professor at the University of Geneva. Recognized by the Swiss authorities as the international institution for public-private cooperation, its mission is cited as “committed to improving the state of the world by engagingContinue reading “World Economic Forum – WEF”

Biodiversity hotspots

Biodiversity hotspots? Biodiversity hotspots are a method to identify those regions of the world where attention is needed to address biodiversity loss and to guide investments in conservation. The idea was first developed by Norman Myers in 1988 to identify tropical forest ‘hotspots’ characterized both by exceptional levels of plant endemism and serious habitat loss,Continue reading “Biodiversity hotspots”


It is a regional organization comprising seven Member States lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity. This sub-regional organization came into being on 6 June 1997 through the Bangkok Declaration.  The regional group constitutes a bridge between South and South East Asia and represents a reinforcementContinue reading “BIMSTEC”

East Asia Summit – EAS

East Asia Summit is a unique Leaders-led forum of 18 countries of the Asia-Pacific region formed to further the objectives of regional peace, security and prosperity. It has evolved as a forum for strategic dialogue and cooperation on political, security and economic issues of common regional concern and plays an important role in the regionalContinue reading “East Asia Summit – EAS”

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966. which is headquartered in Ortigas Center located in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines, and maintains. It promote social and economic development in Asia. The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the PacificContinue reading “Asian Development Bank (ADB)”

Index of Industrial Production (IIP)

The Eight Core Industries comprise nearly 38 % of the weight of items included in the Index of Industrial Production (IIP). They are: Coal (weight: 4.38 %) Crude Oil(weight: 5.22 %) The Natural Gas(weight: 1.71 %) Petroleum Refinery (weight: 5.94%) Fertilizer (weight: 1.25%) Steel (weight: 6.68%) Cement (weight: 2.41%) Electricity generation (weight: 10.32%) - max weightageContinue reading “Index of Industrial Production (IIP)”

What is Wholesale Price Index (WPI) ?

Wholesale Price Index (WPI) WPI measures the change in price level at wholesale market. WPI – consists of 676 commodities (services are not included in WPI in India). It is measured on year-on-year basis i.e., rate of change in price level in a given month vis a vis corresponding month of last year. This is alsoContinue reading “What is Wholesale Price Index (WPI) ?”

​Thucydides quotes for Realist Foreign Policy

​Thucydides quotes The bravest are surely those who have the clearest vision of what is before them, glory and danger alike, and yet notwithstanding, go out to meet it. The secret to happiness is freedom… And the secret to freedom is courage. Be convinced that to be happy means to be free and that toContinue reading “​Thucydides quotes for Realist Foreign Policy”

Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PVKY)

Organic Farming : – Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PVKY): It is one of the schemes under NMSA (National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture) to promote organic farming. Under PKVY, Organic farming is promoted through cluster approach and local quality assurance systems. It is proposed to develop 10,000 clusters with a size of 20 hectare so as to increase the area 2 lakh hectareContinue reading “Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana (PVKY)”

Measles and Rubella

Measles  Measles  is a deadly disease and one of the important causes of death in children. It is highly contagious and spreads through coughing and sneezing of an infected person. Measles can make a child vulnerable to life threatening complications such as pneumonia, diarrhoea and brain infection. Globally, in 2015, measles killed an estimated 1,Continue reading “Measles and Rubella”

Military Exercises

Military Exercises Mitra Sakthi Slinex India – Sri Lanka Joint Military Exercise. India – Sri Lanka Naval exercise Sampriti India – Bangladesh Yudh Abhyas India – USA joint military training exercise Hand in Hand India – China military exercise Konkan Indian Navy and the Royal Navy maritime exercise Ekuverin India – Maldives Al Nagah IndiaContinue reading “Military Exercises”

What is Human embryo?

What is Human embryo? An embryo is an early stage of development of a multicellular diploid eukaryotic organism. In general, in organisms that reproduce sexually, an embryo develops from a zygote, the single cell resulting from the fertilization of the female egg cell by the male sperm cell. The zygote possesses half the DNA ofContinue reading “What is Human embryo?”

George Orwell

George Orwell Quotes Inn a time of universal deceit – telling the truth is a revolutionary act. If you want a vision of the future, imagine a boot stamping on a human face – forever. Who controls the past controls the future. Who controls the present controls the past. All animals are equal, but someContinue reading “George Orwell”