Tag Archives: Governance

Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them?

Headline : Who are the 19 lakh excluded from Assam NRC, and what next for them? Details : In News: The recently published final list of people in updated National Register of Citizen (NRC) has stripped nearly 19 lakh people in the north-eastern state of Assam of their citizenship. About: NRC The NRC for a state is the list of Indian

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India and Global Innovation Index

Headline : India rises in global innovation ranking Details : The News India has jumped five places to rank 52 in the Global Innovation Index 2019 (GII). The GII is a global benchmark that helps policy makers better understand how to stimulate and measure innovative activity, a main driver of economic and social development.   News Summary: The latest Global Innovation index rankings

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Ensuring access to justice Editorial 2nd Apr’19 TheHindu

Headline : Ensuring access to justice Editorial 2nd Apr’19 TheHindu Details :  Justice system in India is not accessible to many: The justice system in any democracy is set up, under the Constitution to serve the public, and judges are supposed to act without “fear or favour, affection or ill-will”. However, judges through lack of prescience, and many lawyers through their dishonesty in

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What do you mean by delegated legislation? Give its advantages and disadvantages.

What do you mean by delegated legislation? Give its advantages and disadvantages. Approach Briefly explain delegated legislation in the introduction. Discuss the positives of such legislation. Then give its disadvantages. Conclude with some suggestions. Model Answer : When law making power is delegated to executive by legislation, then it is known as delegated legislation or sub-ordinate legislation. In this case,

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National Population Policy 2002

National Population Policy 2002  long term objective of achieving a stable population by 2045  To address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel  To provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care.  Maternal Mortality Rate: below 100 per lakh birth.  Infant Mortality Rate: 30 per 1000 live birth.  Total

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Everything about Umang App (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance (UMANG)

Umang (Unified Mobile Application for New-age Governance (UMANG) app: • It is a unified app to serve e-governance through mobile devices. • It is developed by the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology (MeitY) and National e-Governance Division (NeGD). • It is to offer services of the central, state, local bodies and various government agencies right on Android and iOS

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Ethics Case Study

The leader of a prominent social group has been facing trial in a criminal case. The court is expected to deliver the verdict in two days. Ahead of the verdict, a large number of members of this group from various parts of State have flocked en masse to the city where the court is located. They threaten to go on

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Given a choice between the two, an organization should focus more on its culture than its regulations. Do you agree? (150 words – 10 marks)

Yes, I agree. The structure of an organization comprises the rules and procedures on the basis of which it is created and functions. A good structure is necessary for better performance, but is not sufficient. Rules and procedures can be effective only when interpreted and implemented in letter and spirit. This cannot be mandated by the structure but is influenced

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Accountability without responsibility is like a bird without wings. Comment. (150 words – 10 marks)

Accountability is necessary for better governance but not sufficient. It has some fundamental limitations which can be overcome only by performing our duties with a sense of responsibility. Such limitations include: i) Difficulties in constantly monitoring the various activities of subordinates. ii) Accountability can consider quantity but not quality. In situations where discretion is involved, accountability is of limited value.

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There are unjust laws, just as there are unjust men. Explain with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)

The words of Mahatma Gandhi were from his struggle in South Africa against the unjust racial laws. Laws protect the rights of people and regulate the civil activities. In most of the cases, laws are on the lines of ethical principles. But, there are also several laws which are clearly unethical. For example laws made by Nazi state in Germany

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What is dynamic pricing? Examine the ethical issues involved in dynamic pricing by a private firm and by a govt. organization. (150 words – 10 marks)

Dynamic pricing is a pricing strategy wherein the price is not firmly set; instead it changes based on changing circumstances, such as increases in demand at certain times, type of customer being targeted or changing marketing conditions. The fundamental concern w.r.t. dynamic pricing strategies is the availability of viable alternatives. This ensures that any such mechanism provides benefits to the organization but

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When the objective is noble, the means do not matter. Do you agree? Justify your stand with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)

No, I do not completely agree with the statement. Even if the objective is noble, the means through which it is to be achieved must not be compromised. For, if they are compromised, the objective itself may lose relevance. A case in point is the program of forced sterilizations that India witnessed in the 1970s. The objective was noble, to

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It is easier to build a boy than to mend a man. Discuss this statement in the light of selecting an individual for public office. 150 words

The basis of the statement lies in two elements: firstly, that it is possible to change behavior but very difficult to change attitudes; secondly, that as one ages,attitudes become more rigid and difficult to change. Thus, the earlier we introduce interventions to correct or improve behaviours and attitudes, the greater the chances of a meaningful impact. With regard to selecting an individual

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 What is service quality? How can it be improved? (150 words – 10 marks)

Service quality can be defined as the difference between customer expectations and customer perceptions. If expectations are greater than the customer’s perceptions about service experience and outcome, the perceived quality is not satisfactory. This emphasizes the fact that in assessing service quality, it is the perspective of the customer that should be given precedence. Improving the quality of public services

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Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK)

Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK) A single non-lapsable corpus fund Madhyamik and Uchchatar Shiksha Kosh (MUSK) will work as a repository for the revenue of the Secondary and Higher Education Cess. It will be inducted to help the education schemes for which demand exceeds budgetary allocations. A non-lapsable reserve fund means that if the amount collected is not utilized

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Everything about Surrogacy

What is surrogacy? Surrogacy is where a woman becomes pregnant with the intention of handing over the child to someone else after giving birth. Generally, she carries the baby for a couple or parent who cannot conceive a child themselves – they are known as “intended parents”. There are two forms of surrogacy. In traditional surrogacy, the surrogate mother’s egg

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Universal basic income

Core concept : It was proposed by left liberal political philosopher Philippe van Pari in his book real freedom for all. According to him, basis for universal basic income is the fair distribution of real freedom to pursue the realisation of ones conception of the good life. Core of the concept of basic income is absence of means test(income of

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World Economic Forum – WEF

It is a Swiss nonprofit foundation, based in Cologny, Geneva. The forum was founded in 1971 by Klaus Schwab, a German-born business professor at the University of Geneva. Recognized by the Swiss authorities as the international institution for public-private cooperation, its mission is cited as “committed to improving the state of the world by engaging business, political, academic, and other

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G-20

G20 was initiated in 1999 and consists of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union (EU). Before the outbreak of global financial crisis in 2008, G20 meetings of Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors were held

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Global Innovation Index (GII)

The Global Innovation Index (GII) aims to capture the multi-dimensional facets of innovation and provide the tools that can assist in tailoring policies to promote long-term output growth, improved productivity, and job growth. The GII helps to create an environment in which innovation factors are continually evaluated. The Global Innovation Index 2016 (GII), in its 9th edition this year, is

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About Ease of Doing Business Index

Word Bank releases Doing Business reports and it review business regulations and their enforcement across countries. It was introduced in 2004. A high ease of doing business ranking means the regulatory environment is more conducive to the starting and operation of a local firm. The rankings are determined by sorting the aggregate distance to frontier scores on 10 topics, each

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Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan

Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan envisages to improve the quality and coverage of Antenatal Care (ANC) including diagnostics and counselling services as part of the Reproductive Maternal Neonatal Child and Adolescent Health (RMNCH+A) Strategy. The Pradhan Mantri Surakshit Matritva Abhiyan has been launched by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare (MoHFW), Government of India. The program aims to provide assured, comprehensive and

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​Why India faces huge corruption?

​Why India faces huge corruption? • Colonial Legacy of unchallenged authority and abritary use of power • Asymmetry of power. Reduces societal pressure to conform to ethical behavior  • Conscious choice of our economic policies which put citizen at the mercy of state – Monopoly – Corruption.  • Over Centralization – Power is exercised more remotely – increasing the distance

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UPSC CSE Mains General Studies Paper – II Syllabus

General Studies Paper – II (Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International relations) a. Constitution and Polity Indian Constitution- historical underpinnings, evolution, features, amendments, significant provisions and basic structure. Functions and responsibilities of the Union and the States, issues and challenges pertaining to the federal structure, devolution of powers and finances up to local levels and challenges therein. Separation of powers

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