Transforming farm loans Editorial 1st Dec’19 FinancialExpress

Headline : Transforming farm loans Editorial 1st Dec’19 FinancialExpress Details : Importance of crop loans in India: Crop loan is a lifeline for over 145 million farmers in India. Every year, millions of farmers and thousands of bank branches go through a intense process of granting crop loans delivered through Kisan Credit Cards. Banks disbursed Rs 12.5Continue reading “Transforming farm loans Editorial 1st Dec’19 FinancialExpress”

Is seawater the ultimate answer?

Headline : Is seawater the ultimate answer? Details : Context of the topic: As per National Health Profile (NHP), India’s public health spend as a percentage of GDP has increased by 0.16 percentage points from 1.12% to 1.28% of GDP, between 2009-10 and 2018-19. India’s target is 5% GDP on health spend. The NHP is anContinue reading “Is seawater the ultimate answer?”

Explained: Jammu and Kashmir state to two UTs — today, later

Headline : Explained: Jammu and Kashmir state to two UTs — today, later Details : In News The state of Jammu and Kashmir will be officially bifurcated into the Union Territories of J&K and Ladakh on October 31. The day will mark the beginning of the functioning of the two UTs at a bureaucratic level. This marks anContinue reading “Explained: Jammu and Kashmir state to two UTs — today, later”

India needs to be geared to a single-minded pursuit of growth Editorial 5th Aug’19 IndianExpress

Headline : India needs to be geared to a single-minded pursuit of growth Editorial 5th Aug’19 IndianExpress Telegram: https://t.me/UpscExpress Details : Path to $5 trillion economy: India needs to transition towards a $5 trillion economy, taking it from lower-middle income status to upper-middle income. The path of this transition can only be paved with reforms. Some of theContinue reading “India needs to be geared to a single-minded pursuit of growth Editorial 5th Aug’19 IndianExpress”

Quotes for Essays:

Quotes for Essays: 1) Gandhi: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/mahatma-gandhi-quotes-for-essays/ 2) Marx: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/karl-marx-quotes/ 3) Aristotle: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/aristotle-quotes-for-essay/ 4) Buddha: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/indian-political-thoughts-buddha-quotes/ 5) Plato: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/plato-quotes-for-essay/ 6) Ambedkar: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/dr-babasaheb-ambedkar-quotes/ 7) Kautilya: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/kautilya-chanakya-quotes/ 8) Aurobindo Ghosh: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/aurobindo-ghosh-quotes-for-essay/ 9) Socrates: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/western-political-thoughts-socrates-quotes/ 10) Machiaveli : https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/%E2%80%8Bmachiavelli-father-of-realism-quotes/ 11) Hobbes: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/wesrer-political-thoughts-thomas-hobbes-quotes/ 12) Rousseau: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/rousseaus-quotes-father-of-french-revolution/ !3) John Locke: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/16/john-locke-quotes-man-who-influenced-american-constitution/ 14) J.S. Mill: https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/17/j-s-mill-quotes-father-of-liberalism/ 15) Gramsci : https://upscexpress.com/2017/07/17/gramsci-follower-of-marxism-quotes-for-essay-and-ethics/ 16) VivekanandaContinue reading “Quotes for Essays:”

Prelims 2019: Purchasing Manager’s Index (PMI) , Central Statistics Office (CSO)

Headline : Industrial output shrinks for first time in nearly 2 yrs Details : The News According to the recent data released by the Central Statistics Office (CSO), industrial output contracted (fell 0.1%) in March 2019, the first time in nearly two years. About Central Statistics Office (CSO): The CSO is a governmental agency under theContinue reading “Prelims 2019: Purchasing Manager’s Index (PMI) , Central Statistics Office (CSO)”

Shubhra Ranjan IAS Study Prelims 2019 Tests

Download Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests 1 Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests 2 Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests 3 Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests 4 Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests 5 Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests 6 Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests 7 Shubhra Ranjan Prelims 2019 Tests 8 ShubhraContinue reading “Shubhra Ranjan IAS Study Prelims 2019 Tests”

Download : Vajiram Prelims 2019 Test -1 to 18

Download Vajiram and Ravi Prelims Test 2019:   Vajiram and Ravi Prelims 2019 Test -1 Vajiram and Ravi  Prelims 2019 Test -2 Vajiram and Ravi  Prelims 2019 Test -3 Vajiram and Ravi  Prelims 2019 Test -4 Vajiram and Ravi  Prelims 2019 Test -5 Vajiram and Ravi  Prelims 2019 Test -6 Vajiram and Ravi  Prelims 2019 TestContinue reading “Download : Vajiram Prelims 2019 Test -1 to 18”

India and Pak Relation: In Brief : Cross-LoC trade, Intra Kashmir Trade Report

Headline : Explained: LoC trade, in perspective Details : Context of the topic: Last week, the government of India suspended the cross-LoC trade, alleging misuse of the facility by individuals linked to terrorist groups   Theme of the topic: The topic gives a brief account of information about the History of the cross-LoC trade and itsContinue reading “India and Pak Relation: In Brief : Cross-LoC trade, Intra Kashmir Trade Report”

North Korea and USA Relation : Current

Headline : After unsuccessful summit with Trump, North Korean Kim Jong Un is again using military optics Details : The news North Korean leader Kim Jong Un is returning to his military optics two months after his unsuccessful summit with the US President.   Background North Korea’s quest for a nuclear weapon can be traced backContinue reading “North Korea and USA Relation : Current”

In Brief: PJ Nayak Committee and Banks Board Bureau (BBB)

Headline : BBB tags 75 officers for leadership roles in PSBs Details : The News: The Banks Board Bureau (BBB) has recently identified 75 senior officers for leadership roles in Public Sector Banks (PSBs). The BBB also gave its recommendations in key areas that needed to be strengthened besides improvising governance practices among PSBs.   AboutContinue reading “In Brief: PJ Nayak Committee and Banks Board Bureau (BBB)”

In Brief: Undertrials and Covicts: Fundamental Right, Right to equality, Right to Constitutional Remedies

Headline : Plea in SC on voting rights of undertrials and convicts Details : The News Recently a plea has been filed in the Supreme Court under Article 32 challenging an electoral law denying undertrials and convicts their right to vote.   Provision violating the right to equality Section 62(5) of the Representation of People Act of 1951 :Continue reading “In Brief: Undertrials and Covicts: Fundamental Right, Right to equality, Right to Constitutional Remedies”

Prelims 2019: About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, About Indian Fox/ Bengal fox, About Chenchu Tribe

News Summary Chenchus believe that beginning the day by seeing the face of the fox is a fortune and thus they have domesticated foxes. However, the conservation of fox falls under the Indian Wildlife Protection Act 1972, according to which hunting or domesticating it is an offence and attracts punishment.   About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972Continue reading “Prelims 2019: About Wildlife Protection Act, 1972, About Indian Fox/ Bengal fox, About Chenchu Tribe”

Why the latest Ebola outbreak in Congo is a growing concern?

Headline : Why the latest Ebola outbreak in Congo is a growing concern? Details : News Context Ebola outbreak in Democratic Republic of Congo has become the second-deadliest in history with 1,220 confirmed and probable cases, including 772 deaths, since Aug 2018. However, despite a worsening Ebola epidemic, the World Health Organization has decided not toContinue reading “Why the latest Ebola outbreak in Congo is a growing concern?”

Steps to cement ties with China Editorial 10th Apr’19 IndianExpress

Headline : Steps to cement ties with China Editorial 10th Apr’19 IndianExpress  Details :  Focus must remain on foreign policy even in election season: Even as India heads into a general election, it is important to keep focus on and not lose track of how the country must shape its foreign policy over the coming fiveContinue reading “Steps to cement ties with China Editorial 10th Apr’19 IndianExpress”

A Rare Opportunity Editorial 11th Apr’19 IndianExpress

  Headline : A Rare Opportunity Editorial 11th Apr’19 IndianExpress  Details :  Rare diseases: A rare disease affects a small percentage of people. Most rare diseases are chronic and severe, leading to death or disability. Problems in diagnosis, understanding and treatment: Since these diseases are not found commonly, doctors are typically unaware about them and thereforeContinue reading “A Rare Opportunity Editorial 11th Apr’19 IndianExpress”

How Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers

Headline : How Election Commission runs poll machinery? Details : Theme: The article analysis how Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers.   Election Commission of India: The Election Commission of India (ECI) is an autonomous constitutional body responsible for administering election processes in India. It was established on JanuaryContinue reading “How Election Commission draws manpower for polls, and what disciplinary control it exercises over these officers”

CSE 2021: What’s Important to read ?

Must Read, Nothing Required. 0. Syllabus+ Past Papers 1. Polity- Laxmikant, 11th NCERT 2. Geography – 11th or 12th NCERT + World ATLAS 3. History- TN NCERT/ OLD NCERT/ THEMES + Spectrum 4. Art and Culture- 11th- Introduction to Arts 5. Environment – Shankar IAS 6. Economy – Sanjiv Verma + Reddy Sir Notes +Continue reading “CSE 2021: What’s Important to read ?”

Mrunal Videos Links [1-24] and PDF’s + Quiz +Doubt PDF’s 

Mrunal Videos Link:  https://drive.google.com/drive/folders/16HPve7F4M_TjdcyKrqN6sETesXs2btXc?usp=sharing All 1-21 Mrunal Videos at a single Point. ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖ Join Telegram: https://t.me/MrunalsEconomy ➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖➖

Everything about Autism

Headline : AIIMS doctors develop application to help in timely diagnosis of autism  Details :  The News In the backdrop of the World Autism Awareness Day, doctors at AIIMS have developed a mobile app for early diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorders. World Autism Awareness Day is observed on April 2 every year. About the App TheContinue reading “Everything about Autism”

Everything about Vultures: Ecological Importance, Declining Population, Threats, IUCN status, Types of Vultures and It’s conservation

Headline : Poisoned cattle carcass kills 37 vultures Details : The news Around 37 vultures belonging to three endangered species died after feeding on pesticide-laced cattle carcass in eastern Assam’s Sivasagar district.   Background Vultures are scavenger birds which feed on the carcasses of large animals. Vultures in the country have reduced from 40 million (inContinue reading “Everything about Vultures: Ecological Importance, Declining Population, Threats, IUCN status, Types of Vultures and It’s conservation”

Everything about Ramappa Temple and World heritage site

Ramappa Temple for world heritage site: Telangana is expected to get its first site, the Ramappa Temple at Palampet, included in UNESCO World Heritage Site in the 43rd session of the World Heritage Committee. Background India has already got 37 sites inscribed in the World Heritage List. There are total 29 cultural sites, 7 NaturalContinue reading “Everything about Ramappa Temple and World heritage site”

Everything about Indian economy Slowdown?

Headline : Is the Indian economy slowing down? Details : Context of the topic The topic analyses the indicators suggesting slowing down of economic growth, what are its causes and related concerns. Indicators suggesting decrease in Indian economic growth Decline in sales: Decline in car sales of Maruti suzuki (the largest carmaker in India), tractor sales ofContinue reading “Everything about Indian economy Slowdown?”

Everything about Commercial Surrogacy

Lok Sabha Passes Bill Banning Commercial Surrogacy Details : The News The Lok Sabha has passed the Surrogacy (Regulation) Bill 2016 that seeks to put a blanket ban on commercial surrogacy and regulate altruistic surrogacy in India. The bill was cleared by the Union cabinet in March 2018 after the recommendations of a Parliamentary StandingContinue reading “Everything about Commercial Surrogacy”

Everything about Mission Shakti

Headline : Successful anti-satellite missile test puts India in elite club Details : In News India successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test, named Mission Shakti, becoming the fourth country in the world to demonstrate the capability to shoot down satellites in orbit. News Summary Under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satelliteContinue reading “Everything about Mission Shakti”

Everything about About anti-defection law

Headline : What is anti-defection law, why it won’t apply to two MGP MLAs who switched to BJP Details : Context: Recently, two of the three MLAs of a Goan political party (MGP) have joined another party (BJP) while also merging their party’s legislative wing. Now, as two out of the three MLAs have merged theContinue reading “Everything about About anti-defection law”

A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar’19 LiveMint

Headline : A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar’19 LiveMint Details :  Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test: India has successfully conducted an Anti-Satellite (ASAT) missile test. Conducting the test under Mission Shakti, India demonstrated the capability to destroy a satellite in the low earth orbit (LEO) at about 300 km above the earth’s surface, using anContinue reading “A-SAT tech gives India diplomatic bargaining power Editorial 28th Mar’19 LiveMint”

Every about Sino- India Border Dispute

China destroys maps showing ‘wrong’ border The news Chinese Customs officials have destroyed 30,000 world maps printed in the country for not mentioning Arunachal Pradesh and Taiwan as part of its territory. Background China claims the north-eastern Indian state of Arunachal Pradesh as part of South Tibet and persistently objects to Indian leaders visiting ArunachalContinue reading “Every about Sino- India Border Dispute”

Everything about Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency

Headline : India’s carbon dioxide emissions up 5% Details : Topic in News Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency News Summary According to Global Energy and CO2 Status Report released by IEA, the global energy demand increased by 2.3% in 2018. As a result the energy-related CO2 emissions rose by 1.7% to 33 gigatonnes in 2018.Continue reading “Everything about Global Energy and CO2 Status Report of International Energy Agency”

Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and long and porous borders with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective management of India-Bangladesh border. (15 marks)

Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and long and porous borders with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective management of India-Bangladesh border. (15 marks) Approach Introduce with the India-Bangladesh border Enumerate various issues along the border List steps taken by Government to address them – make sure toContinue reading “Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and long and porous borders with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective management of India-Bangladesh border. (15 marks)”

Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad

Headline : Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad Details : India’s access to important ports abroad Telegram: https://t.me/SimplifiedIAS Sabang port, Indonesia India is developing its maiden deep-sea port in Indonesia’s Sabang. The port is close to Andaman and Nicobar Islands making its maiden foray in the southeast Asian. Its position at the mouth ofContinue reading “Prelims Program: India’s access to important ports abroad”

Zoological Survey of India

The Zoological Survey of India (ZSI), a premier research institution under the Ministry has completed 100 years of services to the Nation, undertaking survey, exploration and research leading to the advancement of our knowledge on the exceptionally rich faunal diversity of the country since its inception in 1916. Over the successive plan periods functions ofContinue reading “Zoological Survey of India”

Indian Parliamentary Group – Brief

The Indian Parliamentary Group is an autonomous body formed in the year 1949 in pursuance of a Motion adopted by the Constituent Assembly (Legislative) in 1948. A Member of Parliament can become a life Member of the Group on payment of life subscription of only Rs. Five Hundred. The aims and objects of the IndianContinue reading “Indian Parliamentary Group – Brief”

The position with respect to lapsing of bills

The position with respect to lapsing of bills is as follows: A bill pending in the Lok Sabha lapses (whether originating in the Lok Sabha or transmitted to it by the Rajya Sabha). A bill passed by the Lok Sabha but pending in the Rajya Sabha lapses. A bill not passed by the two HousesContinue reading “The position with respect to lapsing of bills”

Tropical Evergreen Forests Conditions for growth:

Tropical Evergreen Forests Conditions for growth: Tropical Evergreen and Semi Evergreen Forests are found mainly in the areas where the annual rainfall is more than 250 cm, with a short dry season. The average annual temperature should be above 22 °C. Characteristics: Lofty, very dense, multi-layered forest with mesophytic evergreen, 45m or more in height,Continue reading “Tropical Evergreen Forests Conditions for growth:”

Hydroelectric Projects in India

Consider the following statements about Kishenganga River 1.      It is a tributary of river Satluj 2.      It is called Neelum in Pakistan Select the correct statements a       Only 1 b       Only 2 c       Both 1 and 2 d       Neither 1 nor 2 Explanation: Solution (b) The Jhelum has its source inContinue reading “Hydroelectric Projects in India”

Objectives of Ayush Mission

The Government has launched the National AYUSH Mission with the objectives of:  providing cost effective AYUSH Services, with a universal access through upgrading AYUSH Hospitals and Dispensaries,  co-location of AYUSH facilities at Primary Health Centres (PHCs), Community Health Centres (CHCs) and District Hospitals (DHs),  strengthening institutional capacity at the state level throughContinue reading “Objectives of Ayush Mission”

Public private partnership is a key model of infrastructure development in India today but there is a need to mature it to deliver infrastructure projects better and faster. Discuss in light of the Kelkar Committee’s recommendations.

Approach • Give a brief introduction about PPP • Highlight the various shortcomings in PPP • Discuss the important recommendation of Kelkar committee • Conclude appropriately. Model Answer : Public private partnership (PPP) is a long-term contract between a private party and a government entity, for providing a public asset or service, in which theContinue reading “Public private partnership is a key model of infrastructure development in India today but there is a need to mature it to deliver infrastructure projects better and faster. Discuss in light of the Kelkar Committee’s recommendations.”

The FDI policy is being continuously revised to promote both the Greenfield and Brownfield investments but they are treated differently. Discuss along with the recent steps taken by government to boost foreign investment in India.

Approach • Introduce with Greenfield and Brownfield investments • Briefly discuss how the policy differs slightly • Then discuss steps taken to promote foreign investment • Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Greenfield investment is the investment in new plants or investment in which a parent company or government begins a new venture by constructing newContinue reading “The FDI policy is being continuously revised to promote both the Greenfield and Brownfield investments but they are treated differently. Discuss along with the recent steps taken by government to boost foreign investment in India.”

What do you understand by Bioprospecting? What are the main benefits and challenges associated with bioprospecting?

Approach Introduce with explaining the concept of bioprospecting. Explain the benefits associated with bioprospecting. Explain the challenges associated with bioprospecting. Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Biodiversity prospecting or bioprospecting is the systematic search for biochemical and genetic information in nature in order to develop commercially valuable products for pharmaceutical, agricultural, cosmetic and other applications. TheContinue reading “What do you understand by Bioprospecting? What are the main benefits and challenges associated with bioprospecting?”

With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach

With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach • Introduce with the discrimination faced by transgenders • Highlight the key provisions of the Transgender Bill • Comment on how the provisions fallContinue reading “With the passage of The Transgender Persons (Protection of Rights) Bill, 2016, transgender people will have a better chance at being integrated into mainstream leading to greater inclusiveness. Critically comment. Approach”

Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin.

Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin. Approach Introduce with the concept of cryptocurrency Discuss its advantages Highlight the risks Conclude with the government’s position that they have been outlawed Cryptocurrency is an electronic or digital currency that works on a peer-to-peer basis without the need for a trusted third party suchContinue reading “Discuss the advantages and risks of crypto-currencies like the Bitcoin.”

Everything about Chandrayaan-2

• Chandrayaan-2, the lunar mission, will be launched in April this year. • Under this mission ISRO for the first time will attempt to land a rover on the Moon’s south pole. • In Chandrayaan-1 mission, ISRO has spotted water on the moon. • Chandrayaan-2 is a further extension of the project as it also involvesContinue reading “Everything about Chandrayaan-2”

Q33. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about Tawarikh?

1. These are the “histories”, written in Persian language. 2. The authors of Tawarikh were learned men who were secretaries, administrators, poets and courtiers. 3. These authors advised rulers on the need to preserve an “ideal” social order based on birth right and gender distinctions. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A.Continue reading “Q33. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true about Tawarikh?”

Q32. Consider the following statements regarding the Speaker of the Lok Sabha:

1. He prorogues the House in the absence of quorum. 2. He presides over a joint sitting of the Houses, addressed by the President. 3. He decides whether a bill is a Money bill or not and his decision in this regard is final. 4. He never votes in the House, to maintain his impartiality.Continue reading “Q32. Consider the following statements regarding the Speaker of the Lok Sabha:”

Prelims- Q30. Consider the following statements:

Q30. Consider the following statements: 1. The image formed by a plane mirror is always virtual and erect. 2. An image formed by a convex mirror is always virtual, erect and diminished. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A. 1 only B. 2 only C. Both 1 and 2 D. Neither 1 norContinue reading “Prelims- Q30. Consider the following statements:”

Q32. Consider the following statements regarding the Speaker of the Lok Sabha:

Q32. Consider the following statements regarding the Speaker of the Lok Sabha: 1. He prorogues the House in the absence of quorum. 2. He presides over a joint sitting of the Houses, addressed by the President. 3. He decides whether a bill is a Money bill or not and his decision in this regard isContinue reading “Q32. Consider the following statements regarding the Speaker of the Lok Sabha:”

Quiz-Q31. With reference to the features of a perfectly competitive market, consider the following statements:

Q31. With reference to the features of a perfectly competitive market, consider the following statements: 1. All firms in the market produce certain heterogeneous goods/services. 2. In such a market buyers must accept the prevailing prices but the sellers have the freedom to influence the prices. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A.Continue reading “Quiz-Q31. With reference to the features of a perfectly competitive market, consider the following statements:”

Quiz- Q5. The Indian Constitution provides certain fundamental rights only to citizens whereas certain fundamental rights are provided to citizens as well as foreigners. In this regard, which of the following fundamental rights are available to both citizens and foreigners?

Q5. The Indian Constitution provides certain fundamental rights only to citizens whereas certain fundamental rights are provided to citizens as well as foreigners. In this regard, which of the following fundamental rights are available to both citizens and foreigners? 1. Article 20 2. Article 21A 3. Article 19 4. Article 22 5. Article 25 SelectContinue reading “Quiz- Q5. The Indian Constitution provides certain fundamental rights only to citizens whereas certain fundamental rights are provided to citizens as well as foreigners. In this regard, which of the following fundamental rights are available to both citizens and foreigners?”

Quiz- Q10. With reference to Mitochondria, consider the following statements:

Q10. With reference to Mitochondria, consider the following statements: 1. They have their own DNA and ribosomes. 2. They are storage sacs of solid and liquid content. Which of the statements given above is/are correct? A. 1 only B. 2 only C. Both 1 and 2 D. Neither 1 nor 2 Answer: A Exp: MitochondriaContinue reading “Quiz- Q10. With reference to Mitochondria, consider the following statements:”

Q13. Which of the following were the main causes responsible for the Battle of Buxar?

Q13. Which of the following were the main causes responsible for the Battle of Buxar? 1. Illegitimate utilization of dastak for unaccounted profits. 2. Fortification of factories at Calcutta by East India Company. 3. Abolition of all duties on internal trade by Nawab Mir Qasim. Select the correct answer using the code given below: A.Continue reading “Q13. Which of the following were the main causes responsible for the Battle of Buxar?”

Quiz- Q7. Which of the following situations give rise to inflation?

Q7. Which of the following situations give rise to inflation? 1. When general level of prices of goods and services rises. 2. When general level of prices of goods and services falls. 3. When purchasing power of the currency decreases. 4. When purchasing power of the currency increases. Select the correct answer using the codeContinue reading “Quiz- Q7. Which of the following situations give rise to inflation?”

Explain De-urbanisation phenomenon during British rule

“In the late eighteenth century, Calcutta, Bombay and Madras rose in importance as Presidency cities. They became the centres of British power in the different regions of India. At the same time, a host of smaller cities declined. Many towns manufacturing specialised goods declined due to a drop in the demand for what they produced.Continue reading “Explain De-urbanisation phenomenon during British rule”

National Population Policy 2002

National Population Policy 2002  long term objective of achieving a stable population by 2045  To address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel  To provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care.  Maternal Mortality Rate: below 100 per lakh birth.  Infant Mortality Rate: 30 perContinue reading “National Population Policy 2002”

Features of Sunderbans

Feature of Sunderbans  It is classified as a moist tropical forest.  It is a UNESCO world heritage site.  Recognised under Ramsar wetland site  Dominated by “ Sundri tree”  Largest single block of halophytic mangrove forest in the world.  It has common features of the both estuarine and mangrove ecosystem.  AgentContinue reading “Features of Sunderbans”

The key features of Mumbai’s undersea tunnel, the first in India

The key features of Mumbai’s undersea tunnel, the first in India Q. What is the news? By 2023, Mumbai will be home to India’s first undersea tunnel, which will be part of the city’s Coastal Road project. Q. Where are Mumbai’s undersea tunnels being built? The twin tunnels, which have a length of 2.07 kmContinue reading “The key features of Mumbai’s undersea tunnel, the first in India”

Railway Zones of India and Their Divisions

Railway Zones of India and Their Divisions The journey of railways in Indian sub-continent started in 1853 with 34 kilometers (kms). First rail ran on 16th April, 1853 and covered the 21-mile distance in about 75 minutes from Bombay to Thane. The Railway Board in 1950 decided for the regrouping of the Indian Railways intoContinue reading “Railway Zones of India and Their Divisions”

Steps to Tackle Maoism

Proactive policing Security forces are no longer reactive. Example of Gariaband region in Chhattisgarh: When the Maoists decided to deepen their roots into Gariaband, the State government notified this division as a new district (in 2012). This gave a fillip to development work. Many new police stations and security camps were set up to prevent anyContinue reading “Steps to Tackle Maoism”

Everything about Ramkrishna Mission

Ramakrishna Mission • It is an embodiment of the synthesis of ancient Indian and modern western cultures. • Ramakrishna Paramahamsa (1836-86) was the founder of this socio-religious movement. • Formally, the Mission was founded in May 1897 by Paramahamsa’s disciple, Narendranath Dutta, who was later on known as Swami Vivekananda (1863-1902). Objectives of the Mission •Continue reading “Everything about Ramkrishna Mission”

Everything about Steel Sector

About Steel sector • In 2016-17, India’s total ‘Finished Steel Production’ for sale was around 100 MT with an apparent consumption of about 85 MT. Thus production of finished steel was sufficient to meet its present demand in the country and also for exports. • The domestic steel sector contributes around 2% of the country’s GDPContinue reading “Everything about Steel Sector”

Sources of the Constitution :

Sources of the Constitution 1. Government of India Act of 1935: Federal Scheme, Office of governor, Judiciary, Public Service Commissions, Emergency provisions and administrative details. 2. British Constitution: Parliamentary government, Rule of Law, legislative procedure, single citizenship, cabinet system, prerogative writs, parliamentary privileges and bicameralism. 3. US Constitution: Fundamental rights, independence of judiciary, judicial review,Continue reading “Sources of the Constitution :”

Unitary Features of Indian constitution:

Unitary Features of Indian constitution: 1.     The States of Indian Don’t have their own constitution as in the states of USA and Australia have their own constitution. 2.     Uniform and single Citizenship in India (Australia and USA have double citizenship). 3.     Parliament can make the changes of territorial extent of a State without its consent.Continue reading “Unitary Features of Indian constitution:”

Federal Features of Indian Constitution

The main federal features of the Indian Constitution are as follows: 1. Written Constitution: The Indian Constitution is a written document containing 395 Articles and 12 schedules, and therefore, fulfils this basic requirement of a federal government. In fact, the Indian Constitution is the most elaborate Constitution of the world. 2. Supremacy of the Constitution:Continue reading “Federal Features of Indian Constitution”

Everything about Agricultural Crisis

The main reasons for farm crises are: Slow agriculture growth: Agriculture shrank to just 18 percent of the GDP in 2013-14; and further shrinking is projected given agriculture’s lower growth rate compared to other sectors. The agriculture growth rates have been unsteady in the recent past. 2012-13: 1.5% 2013-14: 5.6% 2014-15: (-) 0.2% 2015-16: 0.7%.Continue reading “Everything about Agricultural Crisis”

Artificial Intelligence and it’s application

Artificial Intelligence • It is a term coined in 1956 by John McCarthy at the Dartmouth conference, Massachusetts Institute of Technology. • It is an area of computer science that emphasises on the creation of intelligent machines that work and react like humans. • Some of the activities which computers with artificial intelligence are designed,Continue reading “Artificial Intelligence and it’s application”

Scheme: UDAAN

The programme aims to provide skills training and enhance the employability of unemployed youth of J&K. The scheme covers graduates, post graduates and three year engineering diploma holders. The key stakeholders are Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), State Government (Jammu & Kashmir), Corporates and National Skill Development Corporation (NSDC). UDAAN (Giving Wings to Girl Students)Continue reading “Scheme: UDAAN”

Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on farmers in India.

Approach: ● Introduce with what is globalisation ● Positives and Negative impact of globalisation on Indian agriculture ● What measures were taken to safeguard farmers ● Way forward Answer: Globalization aims at integrating national economy with that of the world. Increased free and open international trade, foreign investment, technology exchange etc. are all integral to the globalisedContinue reading “Discuss the positive and negative effects of globalization on farmers in India.”

What are the various forms in which gender based violence manifests. Discuss the causes that lead to it. Do you agree that it remains biggest impediment to the advancement of women in India?

Approach: ● Introduce with what gender violence is ● Talk about various forms of violence – preferably under different categories ● Talk about the causes – can break it into various categories. ● Discuss aspects of women development that get affected by gender violence ● Conclude by summarizing and giving brief suggestions to end genderContinue reading “What are the various forms in which gender based violence manifests. Discuss the causes that lead to it. Do you agree that it remains biggest impediment to the advancement of women in India?”

Everything about INS Kalvari

INS Kalvari • INS Kalvari is a Scorpene-class submarine described as a “deadly predator”. • It is one of six built by Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai as a part of Project-75 of the Indian Navy. • Kalvariis a potent Man o’ War capable of undertaking offensive operations spanning across the entire spectrum of MaritimeContinue reading “Everything about INS Kalvari”

Everything about Mi8 Helicopter

• Indian Air Force is phasing out the Mi-8 helicopters. • Mi-8 helicopter has been used in numerous operations, missions, expeditions and movements conducted by IAF. • Most of the Indian Air Force Officials have called the helicopter ‘iconic’. Mi-8 helicopters • They are a utility and medium sized assault helicopter. Induction in IAF •Continue reading “Everything about Mi8 Helicopter”

Everything about TFA, GATS and  WTO Ministerial Conference

The Ministerial Conference is the highest decision-making body of the WTO and meets at least once every two years. Main points of discussion in MC11 Service negotiation under GATS will be on priority: Domestic regulation: to address the contentious issue of professional visa fee hikes by the likes of the US and UK, which India hasContinue reading “Everything about TFA, GATS and  WTO Ministerial Conference”

Effects of Globalization on Indian Economy

Effects of Globalization on Indian Economy 1. Liberalization– main features of liberalization policy were:- (i) General reduction in role of state in economic governance. (ii) Withdrawal by state from many economic sectors and its replacement by the private sectors. (iii) Decline in the public sector spending in basic and key industries like banking, insurance andContinue reading “Effects of Globalization on Indian Economy”

Everything about Missiles

What is a missile? A missile is essentially a sophisticated bomb which after being released is governed by the laws of ballistics. The laws of ballistics means only the force of gravity acts upon it. It can be made more accurate and faster by attaching a propulsion system to the bomb and then it isContinue reading “Everything about Missiles”

Everything about Aerial Refueling

Air to air refuelling It is also known as Aerial refuelling, air refuelling, in-flight refuelling and tanking. It is the process of transferring aviation fuel from one military aircraft to another during flight. During air-to-air refuelling, both aircraft must maintain accurate flying parameters. The two main refuelling systems are: Probe-and-drogue: It requires exceptional flying skills asContinue reading “Everything about Aerial Refueling”

Everything about INDIA- SINGAPORE Relations.

INDIA- SINGAPORE RELATIONS • India’s connection with Singapore dates back to the Cholas who are credited with naming the island and establishing a permanent settlement. • The close relationship shared by India and Singapore is based on convergence of economic and political interests. • The process of economic reforms in India since the early 1990sContinue reading “Everything about INDIA- SINGAPORE Relations.”

Everything about World Malaria Report 2017 by WHO

The global figures • The report shows that there were 5 million more malaria cases in 2016 than in 2015. • The estimated global tally of malaria deaths reached 445,000 in 2016 compared to 446,000 the previous year. • The African Region continues to bear an estimated 90% of all malaria cases and deaths worldwide.Continue reading “Everything about World Malaria Report 2017 by WHO”

Everything about Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES)

Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES) • It is the preeminent annual entrepreneurship gathering that convenes emerging entrepreneurs, investors and supporters from around the world. • It was started by U.S. government in 2010. • It serves as a vital link between governments and the private sector and convenes global participants to showcase projects, network, exchange ideasContinue reading “Everything about Global Entrepreneurship Summit (GES)”

Everything about Net Neutrality

Net neutrality • The term was coined by Tim Wu in 2003. • It is the guiding principle that preserves the free and open Internet. • It means that the Internet Service Provider may not discriminate between different kind of content and applications online. • It guarantees a level playing field for all websites andContinue reading “Everything about Net Neutrality”

Everything about Brahmos

Brahmos: • It is a medium-range ramjet supersonic cruise missile that can be launched from submarine, ships, aircraft or land. • It is a joint venture between the Russia’s NPO Mashinostroeyenia and India’s Defence Research and Development Organisation. • It has derived its name from the names of two rivers, the Brahmaputra of India andContinue reading “Everything about Brahmos”

National Testing Agency

Features of National Testing Agency • The National Testing Agency (NTA) will be created as a Society registered under the Indian Society Registration Act, 1860. • It will be an autonomous and self-sustained premier testing organization to conduct entrance examinations for higher educational institutions. • The NTA will begin by conducting exams managed by theContinue reading “National Testing Agency”

Ethics Case Study-1

A close friend of your joins a reputed construction firm. He is assigned to a project under which the company is building a flyover in a metropolitan city. In his very first week on the job, as he inspects the construction designs, he realizes that there is a potentially dangerous flaw in the design, whichContinue reading “Ethics Case Study-1”

Given a choice between the two, an organization should focus more on its culture than its regulations. Do you agree? (150 words – 10 marks)

Yes, I agree. The structure of an organization comprises the rules and procedures on the basis of which it is created and functions. A good structure is necessary for better performance, but is not sufficient. Rules and procedures can be effective only when interpreted and implemented in letter and spirit. This cannot be mandated byContinue reading “Given a choice between the two, an organization should focus more on its culture than its regulations. Do you agree? (150 words – 10 marks)”

Accountability without responsibility is like a bird without wings. Comment. (150 words – 10 marks)

Accountability is necessary for better governance but not sufficient. It has some fundamental limitations which can be overcome only by performing our duties with a sense of responsibility. Such limitations include: i) Difficulties in constantly monitoring the various activities of subordinates. ii) Accountability can consider quantity but not quality. In situations where discretion is involved,Continue reading “Accountability without responsibility is like a bird without wings. Comment. (150 words – 10 marks)”

Any attempt by an institution to withhold information from its stakeholders should invite strict censure. Do you agree?

No, I do not completely agree. There may be situations where information would need to be withheld for larger public interest. Such circumstances can arise when the matter concerns: i. Preserving national security e.g. it would be wrong for the media to relay live coverage of a terror attack while the operation is still in progress,Continue reading “Any attempt by an institution to withhold information from its stakeholders should invite strict censure. Do you agree?”

There are unjust laws, just as there are unjust men. Explain with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)

The words of Mahatma Gandhi were from his struggle in South Africa against the unjust racial laws. Laws protect the rights of people and regulate the civil activities. In most of the cases, laws are on the lines of ethical principles. But, there are also several laws which are clearly unethical. For example laws madeContinue reading “There are unjust laws, just as there are unjust men. Explain with a suitable example. (150 words – 10 marks)”

What are the ethical concerns involved in a country’s decision to deny asylum to refugees?

Such ethical concerns can be considered in two time-frames. Short-term concerns: i. Greater strain on scarce national resources, at the expense of ones own citizens. ii. Security risks, since the refugees are more vulnerable to recruitment by terror groups. iii. Provides no clear benefits to the host country, apart from possibly a moral high ground.Continue reading “What are the ethical concerns involved in a country’s decision to deny asylum to refugees?”

Case Study 3 – Ethics

You are Ms. A, an investigator working with an insurance company. Recently, a case was forwarded to you for investigation. This case pertains to an insurance claim of Rs. 2 crores, made with respect to the maturity of a life insurance policy. The company’s suspicion has been aroused because only 6 instalments of this policyContinue reading “Case Study 3 – Ethics”

Case Study-2 Ethics

You are the CEO of a prominent IT Company, based in Bengaluru. Recently, your company has successfully developed a software which seamlessly translates many regional languages into English. The applications of this software are multi-fold and are expected to generate a lot of revenue for the company. A few days after the software is released,Continue reading “Case Study-2 Ethics”