5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject.

There are 5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject included in state list: Article 249  if the Council of States has declared by resolution supported by not less than two thirds of the members present and voting that it is necessary or expedient in the national interest that Parliament should make laws … Continue reading 5 provisions under which Parliament can legislate on a subject.

Sources of the Constitution :

Sources of the Constitution 1. Government of India Act of 1935: Federal Scheme, Office of governor, Judiciary, Public Service Commissions, Emergency provisions and administrative details. 2. British Constitution: Parliamentary government, Rule of Law, legislative procedure, single citizenship, cabinet system, prerogative writs, parliamentary privileges and bicameralism. 3. US Constitution: Fundamental rights, independence of judiciary, judicial review, … Continue reading Sources of the Constitution :

Unitary Features of Indian constitution:

Unitary Features of Indian constitution: 1.     The States of Indian Don’t have their own constitution as in the states of USA and Australia have their own constitution. 2.     Uniform and single Citizenship in India (Australia and USA have double citizenship). 3.     Parliament can make the changes of territorial extent of a State without its consent. … Continue reading Unitary Features of Indian constitution:

Federal Features of Indian Constitution

The main federal features of the Indian Constitution are as follows: 1. Written Constitution: The Indian Constitution is a written document containing 395 Articles and 12 schedules, and therefore, fulfils this basic requirement of a federal government. In fact, the Indian Constitution is the most elaborate Constitution of the world. 2. Supremacy of the Constitution: … Continue reading Federal Features of Indian Constitution

Purpose and functions of a Constitution:

 • Lays out certain ideals that form the basis of the kind of country that we as citizens aspire to live in. • Defines the nature of a country’s political system; plays a crucial role in laying out certain important guidelines that govern decision-making within these societies. • Provides a set of basic rules that … Continue reading Purpose and functions of a Constitution:

Right against Exploitation 

Right against Exploitation Art 23: Forced labor/ Traffic  No forced labor - slavery - servitude No trafficking State can force for public interest conscription punishable Art 24: Child labor  Punishable < 14 - no hazardous and non hazardous regulated by state The government had brought a new law to govern child labour, known as the … Continue reading Right against Exploitation 

Right to Freedom 

Right to Freedom Art 19(1) - Democratic rights Speech and expression  Art 19(1)(a) and Art 21 - inalienable disjunct Express your view, right to listen, any communicable medium Express others view Right to know Press freedom Elect/reject candidate based on informed choices Dissent - criticize govt ITA 2000 - Sec 66A - chilling effect Defamation … Continue reading Right to Freedom