Biofilms

Biofilms: A biofilm is an assemblage of microbial cells that is irreversibly associated (not removed by gentle rinsing) with a surface and enclosed in a matrix of primarily polysaccharide material. Van Leeuwenhoek, using his simple microscopes, first observed microorganisms on tooth surfaces and can be credited with the discovery of microbial biofilms. Microorganisms that formContinue reading “Biofilms”

Global Innovation Index (GII)

The Global Innovation Index (GII) aims to capture the multi-dimensional facets of innovation and provide the tools that can assist in tailoring policies to promote long-term output growth, improved productivity, and job growth. The GII helps to create an environment in which innovation factors are continually evaluated. The Global Innovation Index 2016 (GII), in itsContinue reading “Global Innovation Index (GII)”

Alexander Graham Bell

​Alexander Graham Bell When one door closes another door opens; but we so often look so long and so regretfully upon the closed door, that we do not see the ones which open for us. Concentrate all your thoughts upon the work at hand. The sun’s rays do not burn until brought to a focus.Continue reading “Alexander Graham Bell”