India’s UNSC moment Editorial 26th Jan’21 TimesOfIndia

World is changing fast today: The world of today is evolving rapidly. Structurally, we are seeing a re-emergence of great power contestation (now between the US and China) unlike any we have seen since the end of the Cold War (when it was between the US and Soviet). Fragmented world emerging:  A rising China isContinue reading “India’s UNSC moment Editorial 26th Jan’21 TimesOfIndia”

International Relation: About G-7

About: G-7 G-7 or ‘Group of Seven’ is the group of the largest advanced economies of the world comprising of the United States (US), United Kingdom (UK), France, Germany, Italy, Canada and Japan. It is the only forum where the world’s most influential and democratic, open societies and advanced economies gather for discussions. G-7 has its originsContinue reading “International Relation: About G-7”

About: Indo-Pacific

In recent years, the term ‘Indo-Pacific’ has become widely resonant in the geo-strategic discourse. Geographically, the Indo-Pacific refers to the Indian and the Pacific Oceans between the east coast of Africa and the American west coast and their several littoral countries. However, there are slight differences in what various countries perceive as the geographical spreadContinue reading “About: Indo-Pacific”

About Indus Water Treaty

About Indus Water Treaty It is the treaty between the Government of India and the Government of Pakistan with twin objectives- Water sharing of river Indus and its tributaries between the upper riparian India and lower riparian Pakistan. Optimum utilisation of the waters of the Indus system of rivers. It was signed under the arbitration ofContinue reading “About Indus Water Treaty”

What is the Chagos Islands dispute about?

Headline : What is the Chagos Islands dispute about? Details : The News: Mauritius has called the UK an “illegal colonial occupier” after it ignored a UN mandated deadline to return the Chagos Islands. Chagos is a small archipelago (group of islands) in the Indian Ocean. About: Chagos Islands The Chagos Islands are a group ofContinue reading “What is the Chagos Islands dispute about?”

International Relation: Old new friends Editorial 24th Aug’19 IndianExpress : India and France and equation with P-5

Headline : Old new friends Editorial 24th Aug’19 IndianExpress Details : For long, India did not reciprocate France’s efforts for greater relationship: For nearly four decades, from 1980s, successive French presidents made repeated efforts to elevate the engagement with India to a higher level. While France was eager for greater relationship with India, India was distractedContinue reading “International Relation: Old new friends Editorial 24th Aug’19 IndianExpress : India and France and equation with P-5”

Everything about About Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)

Headline : US ends Cold War nuke treaty with aim of countering China Details : In News: The USA has withdrawn from the landmark Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF) signed in 1987. About INF Treaty The missile crisis of 1970s and 80s represented the high-point of cold war, with both USA (and its NATO allies) on one side andContinue reading “Everything about About Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF)”

Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and long and porous borders with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective management of India-Bangladesh border. (15 marks)

Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and long and porous borders with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective management of India-Bangladesh border. (15 marks) Approach Introduce with the India-Bangladesh border Enumerate various issues along the border List steps taken by Government to address them – make sure toContinue reading “Border management is a complex task due to difficult terrain and long and porous borders with some countries. Elucidate the challenges and strategies for effective management of India-Bangladesh border. (15 marks)”

In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss.

Approach: Introduce with Hybrid conflict Talk about how Pakistan indulges in regular and hybrid wars against India and India’s response Discuss why India needs to engage in hybrid war and what it involves Conclude appropriately Model Answer : Hybrid war is one fought through a combination of conventional, irregular (efforts to win legitimacy and influenceContinue reading “In Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan is fighting a hybrid war, and Indian response should also be in the hybrid domain”. Discuss.”

Everything about US shutdown

Onestop IAS: What is a government shutdown? A US government shutdown happens if lawmakers in Congress do not pass enough funding to run government operations and agencies. The federal government shuts down when spending bill lapse and Congress and the President are unable to break the deadlock.The government workforce is placed on an unpaid leaveContinue reading “Everything about US shutdown”

China Myanmar Economic Corridor

China and Myanmar have moved a step closer on negotiating the China-Myanmar economic corridor. This initiative is being given a high priority on account of the stalled Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) connectivity proposal. The negotiations for the formation of the BCIM corridor have virtually been stalled after Beijing went ahead with its plans to establish the China-PakistanContinue reading “China Myanmar Economic Corridor”

India Japan Strategic Relationship

Strategic partnership: Defence ties Both the countries have agreed to enhance exchanges between their forces with more bilateral exercises and exchanges in the field of technology at a time when India wants to increase domestic defence production. The Armies of both nations will hold a joint exercise on anti-terrorism in 2018 for the first time.Continue reading “India Japan Strategic Relationship”

How will NSG membership help India? 

How will NSG membership help India?  Clean energy push: India is a growing country with massive energy needs. It has set for itself an ambitious goal of sourcing 40% of its power from non-fossil sources and here is where nuclear energy comes into play. India will need latest technology and NSG membership will come inContinue reading “How will NSG membership help India? “

10 ‘noble commitments’ for global transformation by PM Modi

10 Commitments and Suggestions: 1. Creating Safer World: It can be achieved by organised and coordinated action on issues like counter-terrorism, cyber security and disaster management. 2. Creating Greener World: It can be achieved by taking concerted action on countering climate change. For e.g initiatives like International Solar Alliance. 3. Creating Enabled World: It canContinue reading “10 ‘noble commitments’ for global transformation by PM Modi”

Everything about Ordinance

What is an ordinance and who makes it? Article 123 of the Indian Constitution grants the President of India to Promulgate Ordinances when either of the two Houses of the Parliament is not in session which makes it impossible for a single House to pass and enact a law. Ordinances may relate to any subjectContinue reading “Everything about Ordinance”

About the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):

The nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty came into force in 1970, following widespread international concern about the risk of nuclear weapons proliferation and the spiraling nuclear weapon stocks of those states that had developed them. The NPT is a multilateral treaty aimed at limiting the spread of nuclear weapons including three elements: (1) non-proliferation, (2) disarmament, andContinue reading “About the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT):”

Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status

What is Most Favoured Nation’ (MFN) status?  The WTO as the trade-promoting body has certain key principles or philosophical themes for its working. One such principle is non-discrimination which is well scripted in Most Favored Nation (MFN) treatment. The MFN is a status or treatment given by one country to another in trade matters. ItContinue reading “Most Favoured Nation (MFN) status”

WTO- Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)

Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA) envisages faster clearances and reduction of red tapism at the borders and would thereby help in the ease of doing business. TFA is bound to change the Indian trade and would bring more transparency in trade process. after TFA ratification, the world wide best trade practices wouldContinue reading “WTO- Trade Facilitation Agreement (TFA)”

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

The United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) was established in 1964 as a permanent intergovernmental body. UNCTAD is the principal organ of the United Nations General Assembly dealing with trade, investment, and development issues.  The organization’s goals are to: “maximize the trade, investment and development opportunities of developing countries and assist them inContinue reading “United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)”

United Nations General Assembly -UNGA

It is one of the six principal organs of the United Nations and the only one in which all member nations have equal representation. Its powers are to oversee the budget of the United Nations, appoint the non-permanent members to the Security Council, receive reports from other parts of the United Nations and make recommendationsContinue reading “United Nations General Assembly -UNGA”

UN Secretary General

The charter is vague in defining the duties of the secretary-general, the United Nations’ top official. He or she is expected to show no favoritism to any particular country, but the office is largely dependent on the funding and goodwill of the most powerful nations. The Security Council — notably the P5 — chooses theContinue reading “UN Secretary General”

United Nations Security Council – UNSC

The 15-member Security Council is by far the most powerful arm of the United Nations. It can impose sanctions, as it did against Iran over its nuclear program, and authorize military intervention, as it did against Libya in 2011. Its five permanent members are the victors of World War II: the United States, Britain, China,Continue reading “United Nations Security Council – UNSC”

International Court of Justice – ICJ

ICJ is the principal judicial organ of the United Nations (UN). It was established in June 1945 by the Charter of the United Nations and began work in April 1946. The seat of the Court is at the Peace Palace in The Hague (Netherlands). Of the six principal organs of the United Nations, it isContinue reading “International Court of Justice – ICJ”

National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)

The National Legal Services Authority (NALSA) has been constituted under the Legal Services Authorities Act, 1987 to provide free Legal Services to the weaker sections of the society and to organize Lok Adalats for amicable settlement of disputes. NALSA is headed by the Chief Justice of India. In every State, State Legal Services Authority hasContinue reading “National Legal Services Authority (NALSA)”


It is a regional organization comprising seven Member States lying in the littoral and adjacent areas of the Bay of Bengal constituting a contiguous regional unity. This sub-regional organization came into being on 6 June 1997 through the Bangkok Declaration.  The regional group constitutes a bridge between South and South East Asia and represents a reinforcementContinue reading “BIMSTEC”

East Asia Summit – EAS

East Asia Summit is a unique Leaders-led forum of 18 countries of the Asia-Pacific region formed to further the objectives of regional peace, security and prosperity. It has evolved as a forum for strategic dialogue and cooperation on political, security and economic issues of common regional concern and plays an important role in the regionalContinue reading “East Asia Summit – EAS”


G20 was initiated in 1999 and consists of Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Republic of Korea, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union (EU). Before the outbreak of global financial crisis in 2008, G20 meetings of Finance Ministers andContinue reading “G-20”

Asian Development Bank (ADB)

The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established on 19 December 1966. which is headquartered in Ortigas Center located in Mandaluyong, Metro Manila, Philippines, and maintains. It promote social and economic development in Asia. The bank admits the members of the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the PacificContinue reading “Asian Development Bank (ADB)”

United Nations – UN

The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization that promotes international cooperation and peace building. The United Nations was established after the end of WWII on the 24th of October 1945 in order to prevent a similar global conflict from ever reoccurring. The United Nations replaced the ineffective League of Nations, which was created after theContinue reading “United Nations – UN”

International Organizations: UNHRC

It is an inter-governmental body within the United Nations system responsible for strengthening the promotion and protection of human rights around the globe and for addressing situations of human rights violations and make recommendations on them. It meets at the UN Office at Geneva. The Council is made up of 47 United Nations Member StatesContinue reading “International Organizations: UNHRC”